Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

9

A Transcriptional Signature and Common Gene Networks Link Cancer with Metabolic Syndrome and Auto-immune Diseases


ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies have revealed concurrence of specific cancers with other disease states such as metabolic syndrome, inflammatory disease and autoimmune disease. Patients with these chronic conditions have a higher incidence of various cancers, more aggressive tumors, and a higher mortality rate. It has been proposed that obesity, inflammation and chronic disease should be correlated with cancer at the molecular level, but common gene signatures or networks have yet to be described. Here, we identify genes regulated during the process of cellular transformation in both a breast epithelial cell line and a set of isogenic fibroblastic cell lines. The resulting gene signature strongly mimics those of many different cancer types, thereby validating these experimental systems as models of oncogenesis. Furthermore, it uncovers transcriptional factors and common gene regulatory networks linking cancer with other disease states such as atheroscelorsis, type II diabetes, obesity, lupus, and cardiomyopathy. We suggest that this common transcriptional program can contribute to the concurrence of different diseases, and that the interplay between this program and cell-type specific factors can give rise to a variety of human diseases. Two isogenic cell lines were used to model transformation. The first employed an inducible oncogene: src fused to the ligand binding domain of the estrogen receptor. ER-src and pBABE control cells were dosed with Tamoxifen or Etoh control across several time points to monitor gene expression during transformation. The other model consists of three isogenic cell lines derived from primary fibroblasts in a serial manner. The first is immortalized by overexpression of telomerase (hTERT), and exhibits normal fibroblast morphology. The second expresses hTERT along with both large and small T antigens of Simian virus 40, and it displays an altered morphology but is not transformed. The third cell line expresses hTERT, T antigens, and an oncogenic derivative of Ras (H-RasV12); it is morphologically transformed and has tumorigenic potential in soft agar and nude mice. Thus, three stages of transformation are represented by these cells.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Shirley X Liu   Kevin Struhl  Heather A Hirsch  Savina A Jaeger  Amita Joshi  Dimitrios Iliopoulos  Yong Zhang  Martha Bulyk 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-17941 | ArrayExpress | 2010-04-19

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE17941PRJNA119851

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

A transcriptional signature and common gene networks link cancer with lipid metabolism and diverse human diseases.

Hirsch Heather A HA   Iliopoulos Dimitrios D   Joshi Amita A   Zhang Yong Y   Jaeger Savina A SA   Bulyk Martha M   Tsichlis Philip N PN   Shirley Liu X X   Struhl Kevin K  

Cancer cell 20100401 4


Transcriptional profiling of two isogenic models of transformation identifies a gene signature linking cancer with inflammatory and metabolic diseases. In accord with this common transcriptional program, many drugs used for treatment of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases inhibit transformation and tumor growth. Unexpectedly, lipid metabolism genes are important for transformation and are upregulated in cancer tissues. As in atherosclerosis, oxidized LDL and its receptor OLR1 activate the infla  ...[more]

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