Molecular characterization of Georgia cohort of primary breast cancer FFPE tissues on custom breast cancer DASL panel
ABSTRACT: Analysis of 143 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) primary breast tumors using a Custom Breast Cancer Panel and Human Cancer Panel for the DASL platform. Molecular markers between the pathology defined subtypes of breast cancer were assessed to hypothesize potential therapeutic targets specific to the subtypes Molecular Characterization of 143 primary breast carcinomas including 101 triple negative (TN: ER-, PR-, HER2-), 3 HER2-positive (HER2+: ER-, PR-, HER2+), and 39 hormone receptor-positive (HR+: ER+ and/or PR+)
Project description:Analysis of 97 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) primary breast tumors using Illumina DASL microarray technology on a Custom Breast Cancer Panel and the Illumina Human Cancer Panel. Molecular markers between the pathology defined subtypes of breast cancer were assessed to hypothesize potential therapeutic targets specific to the subtypes Molecular Characterization of 97 primary breast tumor formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens including 24 triple negative (TN: ER-, PR-, HER2-), 9 HER2-positive (HER2+: ER-, PR-, HER2+), and 64 hormone receptor-positive (HR+: ER+ and/or PR+). 91 of the 97 specimens were characterized on the Illumina Human Cancer DASL Panel and 86 of 97 specimens were characterized on a custom Breast Cancer DASL Panel, 80 of these specimens were common to both the Human Cancer DASL Panel and the custom Breast Cancer DASL Panel.
Project description:Prostate tumors with the gene fusion TMPRSS2:ERG have been reported to have a significantly higher risk of recurrence compared with tumors lacking the fusion. Tumors from 139 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy were analyzed for the expression of 502 cancer-related genes to identify genes differentially regulated in TMPRSS2:ERG fusion tumors as well as identify biomarkers of biochemical recurrence. 139 prostate fresh-frozen tumors from radical prostatectomy surgery where profiled on the Illumina Human Cancer DASL Panel. 69 tumors were positive for the gene fusion TMPRSS2:ERG while 70 where not. 33 of the 139 patients experienced biochemical recurrence. Data was analyzed for differential genes in TMPRSS2:ERG fusion positive tumors as well as clinical and molecular biomarkers of recurrence.
Project description:A 13-(4-isopropylbenzyl)berberine derivative (named KR-72) was synthesized and examined for antifungal activities against various human pathogenic fungi. The synthesized compound exhibited remarkably enhanced antifungal activity than berberine and berberrubine. Regardless of the potent antifungal activity of KR-72, its mode of action and the physiological impacts of the drug on fungal metabolism remain elusive. In this study, we performed the DNA microarray-based transcriptome analysis to identify KR-72 responsive genes and employed reverse genetics approaches to characterize their functions in Cryptococcus neoformans, which causes fatal meningoencephalitis in humans. First, KR-72 treatment altered in remodeling of transcriptome profiles in C. neoformans. Genes involved in translation and transcription were mostly upregulated, while those involved in cytoskeleton, intracellular trafficking, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism and energy production were downregulated. Supporting this, KR-72 has a strong synergistic effect with a calcineurin inhibitor FK506, while it has an antagonistic effect with polyene drug. Finally, KR-72 treatment promoted expression of ECM16, NOP14, HSP10, and MGE1, which we proved to be essential for the growth of C. neoformans. Among them, KR-72 mediated induction of MGE1 also appeared to hamper the viability of C. neoformans, potentially through impaired cell cycle or DNA repair system. This study will proposed mode of action for KR-72. The six slides of Cryptococcus_neoformans 3X20K are used in this analysis, 3 biological replicate experiments are performed, total RNAs are extracted under 2 conditions (with or without treatment of KR-72 with H99 (H99 Wild type strain (Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii serotype A). We use the KR-72 non-treated RNAs from this experiment as a control RNA. We use Cy5 as Sample dye and Cy3 as a control dye.
Project description:MicroRNAs are small non-coding molecules about 18-24 nucleotides long which can regulate expression of up to 60% of genes in a cell. So they are involved in many cellular processes. It has been demonstrated that miRNAs are involved in pathological processes, in particular in cancer and may be promising targets for differential diagnosis and therapy of cancer. This study is aimed at finding microRNAs involved in the development of melanoma, which could be potential targets for personalized treatment of this disease.
Project description:Three experiments, corresponding to the three figures in the article, are represented in this set. Each experiment was an ex vivo treatment time course as described in the paper. For each of the experiments, mRNA was isolated at the indicated time points, cDNA was directly prepared by reverse transcription in the presence of Cy5-labeled dUTP, and the expression profiled using Cy3-labeled cDNA prepared by reverse transcription of Stratagene Universal Human Reference RNA as a control. One experiment, corresponding to Figure 1 in the paper, is a set of infection, or mock-infection time courses, in which each of three cell types: primary human dermal fibroblasts, primary human macrophages, or HELA cells were respectively infected with Monkeypox virus, Vaccinia virus, or Ebola virus, or mock-infected. Infected cells or mock-infected cells were harvested and lysed at the indicated times after infection and mRNA isolated for analysis following the protocol described above. The second experiment, corresponding to Figure 2 in the paper, is a set of treatments of human dermal fibroblasts, each in 24-well plates with either: PBS only (mock), interferon alpha (IFN-alpha) at 0.6 pM final concentration (Sigma, St. Louis, MO), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) at 0.6 pM final concentration (Sigma), PMA at 25ng/mL final concentration plus ionomycin at 1micromolar final concentration, polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid as potassium salt (poly(I-C)) at 100 microg/mL final concentration (Sigma), Escherichia coli 055:B5 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at 1microg/mL final concentration (Sigma), or dexamethasone at 1 micromolar final concentration (Sigma). Cells were harvested and lysed at the indicated times and mRNA isolated for analysis following the protocol described above. The third experiment, corresponding to Figure 3 in the paper, is a set of infections or mock-infections of human dermal fibroblasts, or human primary macrophages, with Monkeypox virus or Vaccinia virus, respectively, followed by treatment with either ionomycin + phorbol myristic acid (PMA) or with poly(I-C). The intention of the experiment was to investigate whether prior infection altered the response of the cells to the chemical agents. Cells were harvested and lysed at the indicated times and mRNA isolated for analysis following the protocol described above. Description of sample characteristics: Time: Time after infection or Mock infection Infection: Ebola-Zaire/killed Monkeypox Virus/Mock infection/Monkaypox Virus/None/Pre infection/Vaccinia NY/Vaccinia WR Compound Based Treatment: Dexamethasone/Interferon-alpha/Ionomycin + PMA/LPS/PBS/polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid/TNF-alpha Cell Type: Primary Human Dermal Fibroblast/Primary Human Macrophage/HeLa Figure in article: Numbers group slides that are represented in the same figure of the article. A stimulus or stress experiment design type is where that tests response of an organism(s) to stress/stimulus. e.g. osmotic stress, behavioral treatment
Project description:We analyzed effects of monkeypox (MPX) and vaccinia (VAC) infection on cultured human cells. Our custom-designed arrays contain >18,000 human genes as well as genes for each open reading frame of MPX and VAC. A reference experiement design type is where all samples are compared to a common reference. Compound Based Treatment: Chemical used for treating infected cells Infection: Virus used for infection Cell Line: Cell line used for infection Time: Time cells were harvested after infection Keywords: reference_design Experiments used primary human monocytes with mock infection, VAC-Western Reserve, VAC-NYBOH, MPX-Zaire, gamma irradiated (killed) MPX-Zaire, and Ebola-Zaire (EBOV) (deposited March 2004). The next set of experiments used primary human monocytes (Mf7.29) and primary human fibroblasts (S100) with mock infection, VAC-Western Reserve, MPX-Zaire, and gamma irradiated MPX-Zaire (g-MPX) (deposited August 2004). The final set used primary human monocytes (Mph), primary human fibroblasts (NHDF), and HeLa cells with mock infection, VAC-Western Reserve, MPX-Zaire, and gamma irradiated MPX-Zaire (g-MPX). Some cells were treated with ionomycin + PMA (I+P), cycloheximide (CHX) or hydroxyurea (HU). (deposited November 2005). Total RNA from cells was harvested at each timepoint, preserved in Trizol, Trizol-extracted total RNA, 1 round amplified (Ambion MessageAmp I), directly labeled by Cy5 incorporation during reverse transcription of amplified RNA. Each sample was hybridized versus a common reference (Stratagene Universal Human Reference RNA plus a mix of poxvirus transcripts from all timepoints). The reference was1 round of amplification (Ambion MessageAmp I), directly labeled by Cy3 incorporation during reverse transcription of amplified reference RNA. Cy3 and Cy5 samples were hybridized to a custom human-poxvirus array. Fluorescent images of hybridized microarrays were acquired using the GenePix 4000B and GenePix 4200AL microarray scanners.
Project description:Hypoxia results in the changes in expression of many genes, the majority of which are mediated via the transcriptional activity of the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) complex. However, other mechanisms of gene regulation by hypoxia are likely and include control of mRNA stability, regulation of mRNA translation and regulation mediated by micrornas. The aim of this study is to identify microRNAs which expression is regulated by hypoxia. We chose the breast cancer line MCF7 for study as we had previously characterised the expression of the components of the HIF system in that cell line and undertaken an extensive study of the gene expression profile in response to hypoxia, a prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor dimethyloxalylglycine and HIF-1a isoform manipulations (Eldvidge. G.P. et al. (2006) JBC, vol. 281, 22, 15215-15226).
Project description:Responses to social cues, such as pheromones, can be modified by genotype, physiology, or environmental context. Honey bee queens produce a pheromone (queen mandibular pheromone; QMP) which regulates many aspects of worker bee behavior and physiology. Forager honey bees are less responsive to QMP than young nurse bees engaged in brood care, suggesting that physiological changes associated with behavioral maturation may modulate response to this pheromone. Since cGMP is a major regulator of behavioral maturation in honey bee workers, we examined its role in modulating worker responses to QMP. Treatment with a cGMP analog, 8-Br-cGMP, resulted in significant reductions in both behavioral and physiological responses to QMP in young caged workers. Treatment significantly reduced attraction to QMP (the retinue response) and inhibited the QMP-mediated increase in vitellogenin levels in the fat bodies of worker bees. Genome-wide analysis of brain gene expression patterns demonstrated that cGMP has a larger effect on expression levels than QMP, and that QMP has specific effects in the presence of cGMP, suggesting that some responses to QMP may be dependent on an individual bees physiological state. Several functional gene categories were significantly differentially expressed, including genes involved in regulating GTPase activity, phototransduction, immunity, and carboxylic acid transmembrane transporter activity. Overall, our data suggest that cGMP-mediated processes play a large role in modulating responses to queen pheromone in honey bees, at the behavioral, physiological and molecular levels.
Project description:Identification of the régulation pathways implied in adventitious root formation control in Arabidopsis etiolated seedlings. 2 mutants : a null allele and a weak allele of the ARGONAUTE gene. 4 repetitions in 2 pools for each sample.
Project description:The aim of this study was to identify alarm (fast) and acclimation phase (delayed) changes in the gene expression pattern in leaves of maize (CM 109 genotype) subjected to moderate chilling for 28 hours.