Response to nicotine (250 µM) in heads of the tobacco aphid Myzus persicae
ABSTRACT: Response of the aphid head transcriptome to nicotine in artificial diets (250 µM nicotine, 24 hours feeding) Two condition experiment: heads of aphids feeding on control diet vs heads of aphids feeding on 250 µM nicotine containing diet
Project description:Response of the aphid head transcriptome to nicotine in artificial diets (250 µM nicotine, 24 hours feeding) Overall design: Two condition experiment: heads of aphids feeding on control diet vs heads of aphids feeding on 250 µM nicotine containing diet
Project description:Response of the aphid head transcriptome to nicotine in artificial diets (100 µM nicotine, 24 hours feeding) Two condition experiment: heads of aphids feeding on control diet vs heads of aphids feeding on 100 µM nicotine containing diet
Project description:Response of the aphid head transcriptome to nicotine in artificial diets (100 µM nicotine, 24 hours feeding) Overall design: Two condition experiment: heads of aphids feeding on control diet vs heads of aphids feeding on 100 µM nicotine containing diet
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE18657: Response to nicotine (100 µM) in heads of the tobacco aphid Myzus persicae GSE18658: Response to nicotine (250 µM) in heads of the tobacco aphid Myzus persicae Refer to individual Series
Project description:Soybean aphids are phloem-feeding pests that can cause significant yield losses in soybean plants. Soybean aphids thrive on susceptible soybean lines but not on resistant lines. We used microarrays to characterize the soybean plant's transcriptional defense against aphids in two related cultivars, a susceptible line and a resistant line with the Rag1 aphid-resistance gene. We measured trancript levels in leaves after one and seven days of aphid infestation. This was a full-factorial experiment with three factors: soybean variety (susceptible SD01-76R,resistant LD05-16060), aphid treatment (control, aphids), and infestation duration (1 day, 7 days). There were three replicates per treatment, for a total of 24 samples. The experiment was carried out in a growth chamber. At the V3 growth stage, thirty aphids were added to the third trifoliate leaves of the aphid-treated plants. Each plant had a net to prevent aphid movement among different plants. The aphids were removed prior to sampling.
Project description:This study was designed to identify the sRNAs in Aphis gossypii (cotton-melon aphid) during Vat-mediated resistance in teraction with melon Methods: Whole insects were collected from susceptible (Vat-) and resistant (Vat+) plants after 48 hours of feeding. Total RNA was extracted from the aphids and enriched for LMW RNA and small RNA libraries were constructed using standard protocols and deep sequenced using Illumina GAII analyzer.
Project description:Background:A polyphagous insect herbivore has a wide range of host plants. However, it has been found that many polyphagous herbivores commonly exhibit a strong preference for a subset of species in their broad host range, and various host biotypes exist in herbivore populations. Nutrition and secondary metabolites in plants affect herbivore preference and performance, but it is still not clear which factors determine the host range and host preference of polyphagous herbivores. Method:Cotton-melon aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover, collected from cotton and cucumber crops, were used in this study. The genetic backgrounds of these aphids were detected using microsatellite PCR and six genotypes were evaluated. Performance of these six aphid genotypes on excised leaves and plants of cotton and cucumber seedlings were examined through a reciprocal transplant experiment. In order to detect whether the feeding experience on artificial diet would alter aphid host range, the six genotypes of aphids fed on artificial diet for seven days were transferred onto cotton and cucumber leaves, and then their population growth on these two host plants was surveyed. Results:Aphids from cotton and cucumber plants could not colonize the excised leaves and intact plants of cucumber and cotton seedlings, respectively. All six genotypes of aphids collected from cotton and cucumber plants could survive and produce offspring on artificial diet, which lacked plant secondary metabolites. The feeding experience on the artificial diet did not alter the ability of all six genotypes to use their native host plants. However, after feeding on this artificial diet for seven days, two aphid genotypes from cotton and one from cucumber acquired the ability to use both of the excised leaves from cucumber and cotton plants. The two aphid genotypes from cotton conditioned by the feeding experience on artificial diet and then reared on excised cucumber leaves for >12 generations still maintained the ability to use intact cotton plants but did not establish a population on cucumber plants. However, one cucumber genotype conditioned by artificial diet and then reared on excised cotton leaves could use both the intact cotton and cucumber plants, showing that the expansion of host range was mediated by feeding experience. Conclusion:Feeding experience on artificial diet induced the expansion of host range of the cucurbit-specialized A. gossypii, and this expansion was genotype-specific. We speculated that feeding on a constant set of host plants in the life cycle of aphids may contribute to the formation of host specialization.
Project description:Angiotensin-converting enzymes (ACEs) are key components of the renin-angiotensin system in mammals. However, the function of ACE homologs in insect saliva is unclear. Aphids presumably deliver effector proteins via saliva into plant cells to maintain a compatible insect-plant interaction. In this study, we showed that ACE modulates aphid-plant interactions by affecting feeding behavior and survival of aphids on host plants. Three ACE genes were identified from the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum genome. ACE1 and ACE2 were highly expressed in the salivary glands and are predicted to function as secretory proteins. The ACE2 transcript level decreased in aphids fed on artificial diet compared with aphids fed on Vicia faba. The knockdown of the expression of each ACE by RNAi failed to affect aphid survival. When ACE1 and ACE2 were simultaneously knocked down, aphid feeding was enhanced. Aphids required less time to find the phloem sap and showed longer passive ingestion. However, the simultaneous knockdown of ACE1 and ACE2 resulted in a higher mortality rate than the control group when aphids were fed on plants. These results indicated that ACE1 and ACE2 function together to modulate A. pisum feeding and survival on plants.
Project description:Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) has become a well-applied technique for nanospectroscopy, allowing for single molecule sensitivity with sub-nanometer spatial resolution. The demand for efficient, reproducible and cost-effective probes for TERS is increasing. Here we report on a new electrochemical etching protocol to fabricate TERS tips starting from 125 µm diameter gold wires in a reproducible way. The process is reliable (50% of the tips have radius of curvature <35 nm, 66% <80 nm), fast (less than 2 min) and 2.5 times cheaper than the etching of standard 250 µm diameter wires. The TERS performance of the tips is tested on dyes, pigments and biomolecules and enhancement factors higher than 105 are observed. TERS mapping with a spatial resolution of 5 nm is demonstrated.