Dataset Information


Mammographic density and genetics - A study of breast biopsies in relation to mammoraphic density

ABSTRACT: Introduction Mammographic density (MD), as assessed from film screen mammograms, is determined by the relative content of adipose, connective and epithelial tissue in the female breast. In epidemiological studies, a high percentage of MD confers a four to six fold risk elevation of developing breast cancer, even after adjustment for other known breast cancer risk factors. However, the biologic correlates of density are little known. Methods Gene expression analysis using whole genome arrays was performed on breast biopsies from 143 women; 79 women with no malignancy (healthy women) and 64 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients, both included from mammographic centres. Percent MD was determined using a previously validated, computerized method on scanned mammograms. Significance analysis of microarrays (SAM) was performed to identify genes influencing MD and generalized regression models were used to assess the independent contribution from different variables to MD. Results SAM-analysis identified 24 genes differentially expressed between samples from breasts with high and low MD. These genes included three uridine 5'-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) genes and the oestrogen receptor gene (ESR1). These genes were down-regulated in samples with high MD compared to those with low MD. The UGT gene products, which are known to inactivate oestrogen metabolites, were also down-regulated in tumour samples compared to samples from healthy individuals. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the UGT genes associated with the expression of UGT and other genes in their vicinity were identified. Conclusions Three UGT enzymes were lower expressed both in breast tissue biopsies from healthy women with high MD and in biopsies from newly diagnosed breast cancers. The association was strongest among young women and women using hormonal therapy. UGT2B10 predicts MD independently of age, hormone therapy and parity. Our results indicate that down-regulation of UGT genes in women exposed to female sex hormones is associated with high MD and might increase the risk of breast cancer. Gene expression analysis of breast biopsies from 143 women, 79 non-cancer (healthy women with no cancer who had a mammogram taken) and 64 breast cancer.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: OleChristian Lingjaerde   Jan-Ole Frantzen  Vilde Drageset Haakensen  Dina Navjord  Ida K Bukholm  Anne-Lise Borresen-Dale  Vessela N Kristensen  Linda Romundstad  Margarethe Biong  Alaug Helland  Giske Ursin  Ying Chen  Vilde D Haakensen  Marit M Holmen  Torben Lüders 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-18672 | ArrayExpress | 2010-08-13



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