Gene expression profile of bone marrow with post-irradiation radioprotector
ABSTRACT: To elucidate the mechanism of the in vivo radioprotection activity of Zn-containing heat-treated Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast (Zn-yeast), expression changes in bone marrow after whole body irradiation (WBI) with concomitant treatment of Zn-yeast were analyzed using microarray technology. Keywords: mouse, bone marrow, Zn-containing heat-treated yeast administration, gamma-irradiation Zn-yeast suspension was administered i.p. into C3H mice immediately after 7.5 Gy WBI. Bone marrow from irradiated mice was extracted at 6 hours after irradiation and analyzed by microarray containing of 44,000 probes.
PURPOSE:To elucidate the mechanism underlying the in vivo radioprotection activity by Zn-containing, heat-treated Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast (Zn-yeast). MATERIALS AND METHODS:Zn-yeast suspension was administered into C3H/He mice immediately after whole body irradiation (WBI) at 7.5 Gy. Bone marrow was extracted from the mice 6 hours after irradiation and analyzed on a microarray. Expression changes in the candidate responsive genes differentially expressed in treated mice were re-examined by ...[more]
Project description:To elucidate the mechanism of the in vivo radioprotection activity of Zn-containing heat-treated Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast (Zn-yeast), expression changes in bone marrow after whole body irradiation (WBI) with concomitant treatment of Zn-yeast were analyzed using microarray technology. Keywords: mouse, bone marrow, Zn-containing heat-treated yeast administration, gamma-irradiation Overall design: Zn-yeast suspension was administered i.p. into C3H mice immediately after 7.5 Gy WBI. Bone marrow from irradiated mice was extracted at 6 hours after irradiation and analyzed by microarray containing of 44,000 probes.
Project description:To examine whether the local carbon ion radiotherapy affects the characteristics of the metastatic tumors, the expression profiles of the primary tumors and the lung metastases were studied in a mouse squamous cell carcinoma model by applying local radiotherapy with no irradiation (negative control), gamma-ray irradiation (reference beam), and carbon-ion irradiation. Keywords: mouse, squamous cell carcinoma, primary tumor, lung metastases, radiotherapy, carbon ion, gamma ray A highly metastatic mouse squamous cell carcinoma NR-S1 was implanted into the hind leg of synergetic C3H/HeNrs mice and irradiated with 5 Gy of carbon ion beam. 8 Gy of gamma ray was used as a reference beam. At 2 weeks after the irradiation, the lung tissue was sampled. In order to collect samples of primary tumors, the tumors were implanted in other mice and irradiated in the same manner, and the primary tumors were collected at 1 week after the irradiation. The tumor cells of the primary and metastatic tumors were collected by laser microdissection, and oligonucleotide microarray analysis of the irradiated primary tumors and the metastatic tumors were all performed in comparison to the non-irradiated primary tumor by two-color methods.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of HepG2 cells treated with UVC (254 nm) for 30 seconds and transduced with Adenoviral vector carrying the Hepatitis B Virus HBx gene vs Adenoviral vector control under UV treatment Experiment Overall Design: One-condition experiment, AdHBx (experimental) UV vs AdEasy (vector control) UV. HepG2 cells were infected with either recombinant HBx adenoviruses (AdHBx) or control adenoviruses (AdEasy). Seventy-two hours later, infected cells were exposed for 30 seconds to UVC (254 nm) irradiation with a germicidal lamp calibrated to deliver 8 or 16 J/m2. Cells were then harvested for either ChIP-chip profiling or expression microarray profiling
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE11064: AdHBx UV vs AdEasy UV vs HepG2 GSE11106: Chromatin Immunoprecipitation of UV treated AdHBx cells with anti-HBx antibodies Keywords: SuperSeries One-condition experiment, AdHBx (experimental) UV vs AdEasy (vector control) UV. HepG2 cells were infected with either recombinant HBx adenoviruses (AdHBx) or control adenoviruses (AdEasy). Seventy-two hours later, infected cells were exposed for 30 seconds to UVC (254 nm) irradiation with a germicidal lamp calibrated to deliver 8 or 16 J/m2. Cells were then harvested for either ChIP-chip profiling or expression microarray profiling.
Project description:The fusion of bone marrow (BM) hematopoietic cells with hepatocytes to generate BM derived hepatocytes (BMDH) is a natural process, which is enhanced in damaged tissues. However, the reprogramming needed to generate BMDH and the identity of the resultant cells are essentially unknown. In a mouse model of chronic liver damage, here we identify a modification in the chromatin structure of the hematopoietic nucleus during BMDH formation, accompanied by the sequential loss of the key hematopoietic transcription factor PU.1/Sfpi1 (SFFV proviral integration 1) and gain of the key hepatic transcriptional regulator HNF-1A homeobox A (HNF-1A/Hnf1a). Through genome-wide expression analysis of laser captured BMDH, a differential gene expression pattern was detected and the chromatin changes observed were confirmed at the chromatin regulator gene level. Similarly, Tranforming Growth Factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and neurotransmitter (e.g. Prostaglandin E Receptor 4 [Ptger4]) pathway genes were over-expressed. In summary, in vivo BMDH generation is a sequential process in which the hematopoietic cell nucleus changes its identity and acquires hepatic features. These BMDHs have their own cell identity characterized by an expression pattern different from hematopoietic cells or hepatocytes. The role of these BMDHs in the liver requires further investigation. C57BL/6JxDBA/2 F1 female mice were subjected to lethal irradiation and intravenously injected with bone marrow cells harvested from C57BL/6J-βactinEGFPxDBA/2 F1 male mice. The livers of female mice were injured with CCl4. Liver individual cells were laser captured from frozen sections. Bone marrow derived hepatocytes (BMDH), hematopoietic cells, and hepatocytes, were analyzed individually.
Project description:Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are multipotent progenitors supporting bone marrow hematopoiesis. MSC have an efficient DNA damage response (DDR) and are consequently reatively radio-resistant cells. Therefore, MSCs are key to hematopoietic reconstitution following total body irradiation (TBI) and bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The bone marrow niche is hypoxic and via the heterodimeric transcription factor Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (Hif-1), hypoxia enhances the DDR. Using gene knock-down, we have previously shown that the Hif-1α subunit of Hif is involved in MSC radio-resistance, however its exact mechanism of action remains unknown. In order to dissect the involvement of Hif-1α in the DDR, we have generated using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, a stable MS5 mouse MSC cell line lacking Hif-1 expression. Herein, we show that it is the whole Hif-1 transcription factor, and not only the Hif-1α subunit, that modulates the DDR of mouse MSCs, and that this effect is dependent upon the integrity of the DNA binding domain. We have also characterized the Hif-1α-dependent proteomic changes undergone by hypoxic MS5 cells. These findings have important implications for the modulation of MSC radio-resistance in the context of BMT and cancer.
Project description:We sequenced microRNAs from bone marrow derived macrophages derived from the control (WT) and RBP-J conditional knockout mice (RBP-J KO; Rbpjf/f; LysM Cre). Examination of differential microRNA expression levels induced by TNF as well as regulated by RBP-J in bone marrow derived macrophages.
Project description:Macrophages were produced from bone marrow cell suspensions from the femurs of five C57BL/6 or CBA/Ca mice by culture for 7 days in modified Eagles medium supplemented with 25% pre-tested horse serum and 25% pre-tested conditioned medium from the L929 cell line as a source of CSF-1. For each experiment, five flasks were exposed to 4Gy irradiation at a dose rate of 0.5Gy/min at room temperature using a CIS Bio International 637 Caesium irradiator and five flasks were sham-irradiated. RNA was extracted 24 hours later for analysis on MOE430-2 affymetrix arrays
Project description:Irradiation induced bone marrow ablation ultimately enhanced PTH anabolic effects in bone. B6 mice at 10 days of age were sub-lethally irradiated and treated with PTH 24h later for 5 days. 24h post last-injection, bone marrow was flushed with Trizol and RNA isolated and purified. Microarray analyses was performed to determine differential differences in PTH effects in non-irradiated vs. irradiated bone marrow. Triplicates of 4 groups (total of 12 samples) which include: Nonirradiated Vehicle, Nonirradiated PTH, Irradiated Vehicle and Irradiated PTH
Project description:To identify the age dependent radiation response in C3H mouse bone marrow cells. Changes in gene expression in 1 week old and 8 weeks old C3H mouse (female) bone marrow after 2Gy irradiation. Bone marrow samples were collected un-irradiated control, 6 hours and 24 hours after irradiation. Three mice were used at each time course.