Expression analysis of dendritic cells, macrophages and monocytes
ABSTRACT: Expression profiles at different time points during dendritic cell differentiation (induced by specific culture conditions) including monocytes as well as expression profiles between monocytes and completely differentiated cells (macrophages at day7 and dendritic cells at day7, respectively) were compared. Monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) were obtained by culturing elutriated monocytes with 20U/ml IL-4, 280U/ml GM-CSF and 10% FCS; monocyte-derived macrophages (MAC) were obtained by culturing elutriated monocytes with 2% AB serum. Three to seven biological replicates that are derived from independent healthy donors were included. One-color based gene expression. 2 datasets: dendritic cell kinetic study and comparison of monocyte, macrophage, and dendritic cells
Project description:Expression profiles at different time points during dendritic cell differentiation (induced by specific culture conditions) including monocytes as well as expression profiles between monocytes and completely differentiated cells (macrophages at day7 and dendritic cells at day7, respectively) were compared. Monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) were obtained by culturing elutriated monocytes with 20U/ml IL-4, 280U/ml GM-CSF and 10% FCS; monocyte-derived macrophages (MAC) were obtained by culturing elutriated monocytes with 2% AB serum. Overall design: Three to seven biological replicates that are derived from independent healthy donors were included. One-color based gene expression. 2 datasets: dendritic cell kinetic study and comparison of monocyte, macrophage, and dendritic cells
Project description:LTB4, 50 nmol/L for 30 minutes, induced expression of 27 genes in cultured human elutriated monocytes comparred to vehicle (ethanol) treated control cells. Matched control versus treated cells
Project description:A growing body of evidence suggests that inflammatory cytokines have a dualistic role in immunity. In this study, we sought to determine the direct effects IFN-gamma on the differentiation and maturation of human peripheral blood monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDC). Here, we report that following differentiation of human peripheral-blood monocytes into moDCs with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and IL-4, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) induces moDC maturation and up-regulates the co-stimulatory markers CD80, CD86, CD95, and MHC Class I, enabling moDCs to effectively generate antigen-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses for multiple viral and tumor antigens. Interestingly, early exposure of monocytes to high concentrations of IFN-gamma promotes monocyte differentiation into macrophages, despite the presence of GM-CSF and IL-4. However, under low concentrations of IFN-gamma, monocytes continue to differentiate into dendritic cells possessing a unique gene-expression profile, resulting in impairments in subsequent maturation by IFN-gamma and an inability to generate effective antigen-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses compared to standard moDCs. Monocytes differentiated in the presence of low levels of IFN-gamma downregulate IFN-gamma receptor expression, impairing their response to an inflammatory rechallenge. These findings demonstrate the ability of IFN-gamma to impart differential programs on human moDCs which shape the antigen-specific T cell responses they induce. Timing and intensity of exposure to IFN-gamma can thus determine whether moDCs are tolerogenic or immunostimulating. Human monocyte-derived dendritic cells from 4 healthy donors were differentiated with either GM-CSF and IL-4 (n=4) or GM-CSF, IL-4, and IFN-gamma (n=4). These samples were subsequently hybridized to arrays as 4 biological repeats for each of the two treatment conditions.
Project description:Gene expression profiling of elutriated monocytes cultured for 48 hours in RPMI-1640, 10% AB plamsa and one of the following: GMCSF (56IU/ml), IL-4 (2000 IU/ml), 15 kDa Granulysin (10 nM) Sources tested: monocytes form 3 donors tested at time 0, 4 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours, 48 hours 5 time points were compared: day 0 (cells before start the culture), 4, 12, 24, 48 hours
Project description:Psoriasis patients exhibit an increased risk of death by cardiovascular disease (CVD) and have elevated levels of circulating intermediate (CD14++CD16+) monocytes. This elevation could represent evidence of monocyte dysfunction in psoriasis patients at risk of CVD, as increases in circulating CD14++CD16+ monocytes are predictive of myocardial infarction and death. An elevation in the CD14++CD16+ cell population has been previously reported in patients with psoriatic disease, which has been confirmed in the cohort of our human psoriasis patients. CD16 expression was induced in CD14++CD16neg classical monocytes following plastic adhesion, which also elicited enhanced β2 but not β1 integrin surface expression, suggesting increased adhesive capacity. Indeed, we found that psoriasis patients have increased monocyte aggregation among circulating PBMCs which is recapitulated in the KC-Tie2 murine model of psoriasis. Visualization of human monocyte aggregates using imaging cytometry revealed that classical CD14++CD16neg monocytes are the predominant cell type participating in these aggregate pairs. Many of these pairs also included CD16+ monocytes, which could account for apparent elevations of intermediate monocytes. Additionally, intermediate monocytes and monocyte aggregates were the predominant cell type to adhere to TNF-α and IL-17A-stimulated dermal endothelium. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) demonstrated that monocyte aggregates have a distinct transcriptional profile from singlet monocytes and monocytes following plastic adhesion, suggesting that circulating monocyte responses to aggregation are not fully accounted for by homotypic adhesion, and that further factors influence their functionality. qRT-PCR Gene Expression Profiling - 30 Samples Analyzed, 10 biological replicates, 10 Control Samples, 20 Test Samples
Project description:Non-specific protective effects against reinfection have been described following infection with Candida albicans. Here we show that mice defective in functional T and B lymphocytes were protected against reinfection with C. albicans in a monocyte-dependent manner. C. albicans and beta glucans induced functional programming of monocytes, leading to enhanced cytokine production in vivo and in vitro. The training required the beta glucan receptor dectin 1 and the non-canonical Raf 1 pathway. Monocyte training by beta-glucans was mediated by epigenetic mechanisms through genome-wide changes in histone trimethylation at H3K4. Pathway analysis showed specific induction of epigenetic changes in genes of innate immunity. The functional programming of monocytes, reminiscent of similar properties of NK cells, has been termed “trained immunity” and may be employed for the design of improved vaccination strategies. Chromatin-IP at day7 followed by highthroughput sequencing to look at the differences in H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 binding in Monocytes either cultured in RPMI only versus those trained for 24hrs with beta glucan. Additionally expression analysis was performed by doing strandspecific RNAseq also for both unstimulated and beta glucan trained monocytes for correlating the histone modification changes with the expression changes. Biological replicates were generated from independent samples for H3K4me3 and RNAseq. Additional H3K4me3 ChIP-seq assays were performed for day0 untreated, 24hrs control and beta glucan trained monocytes. H3K4me3 ChIP-seq was also performed for Mouse macrophages both saline(control) and low dose Candida treated.
Project description:Comparison of the DNA methylation profiles of CD14+ monocytes from human peripheral blood with derived dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages (MACs) obtained by exposure with GM-CSF/IL-4 and GM-CSF, respectively. Effects on the methylation profiles of DCs and MACs of JAK3 inhibitor PF-956980 The methylation profiles of bisulfite-modified DNA of human CD14+ monocytes were compared with derived dendritic cells (DCs), macrophages (MACs) following GM-CSF/IL-4 and GM-CSF incubation, and DC and MAC samples incubated with JAK3 inhibitor PF-956980 using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChips (Illumina, Inc., San Diego, CA,). This platform allows the interrogation of >485,000 methylation sites per sample at single-nucleotide resolution, and comprises an average of 17 CpG sites per gene in the 99% of RefSeq genes. 96% of CpG islands are covered, with additional coverage in CpG island shores and the regions flanking them. The samples were hybridized in the array following the manufacturer’s instructions. Total DNA isolated by standard procedures from CD14+ cells (total monocytes, MOs) corresponding to three sets of samples of monocytes (MOs), derived DCs and MACs (DCs and iMACs; DMSO as these samples were differentiated in the absence of JAK3 inhibitors) and DCs and MACs differentiated in the presence of JAK3 inhibitor PF-956980.
Project description:To directly compare the SLE monocyte transcriptional program with that of blood mDC precursors, we purified lineage HLA-DRhighCD11chigh mDCs and CD14+ monocytes from the blood of five healthy donors. Their gene expression profiles were then compared to those of blood SLE monocytes. An unsupervised clustering analysis of transcripts present in >20% of the samples classified healthy monocytes, SLE monocytes and healthy mDCs into three well defined groups. A supervised analysis was then performed to find genes: 1) differentially expressed in healthy mDCs compared to monocytes; 2) shared by healthy blood mDCs and SLE blood monocytes. To directly compare the SLE monocyte transcriptional program with that of blood mDC precursors, we purified lineage HLA-DRhighCD11chigh mDCs and CD14+ monocytes from the blood of five healthy donors. Their gene expression profiles were then compared to those of blood SLE monocytes. An unsupervised clustering analysis of transcripts present in >20% of the samples classified healthy monocytes, SLE monocytes and healthy mDCs into three well defined groups. A supervised analysis was then performed to find genes: 1) differentially expressed in healthy mDCs compared to monocytes; 2) shared by healthy blood mDCs and SLE blood monocytes.
Project description:In order investigate the control of genes encoding cytoskeletal motor proteins and their interaction partners in the activation program of primary monocytes, we performed whole transcriptome microarray profiling of ex vivo monocyte differentiation to activated macrophages or dendritic cells in monocytes isolated from three anonymous blood donors. Monocytes were isolated from the buffy coats of three anonymous blood donors and differentiated into activated macrophages or activated dendritic cells (DCs) ex vivo. Total RNA from monocytes, activated macrophages or DCs was isolated and submitted for whole transcriptome microarray analysis.
Project description:The contribution of monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) to an immune response is essential for the elimination of pathogens. In vitro DC can be generated by treatment of monocytes with GM-CSF + IL-4 but it is unknown what stimuli induce the differentiation of monocytes to DC in vivo. CD137L-DC are human monocyte-derived DC that are generated by CD137 ligand (CD137L) signaling. Since CD137 is only expressed at sites of inflammation it would be a suitable signal for the induction of monocyte-derived DC. Here we report on gene expression analysis of CD137L-DC, immature and mature classical DC, monocytes and macrophages which indicates that CD137L-DC have a gene signature that is most similar to that of classical DC. Additionally, CD137L-DC signature genes are highly enriched in monocyte-derived DC which were isolated from sites of inflammation. Also cell surface marker expression and cytokine secretion of CD137L-DC are highly similar to that of inflammatory monocyte-derived DC. CD137L-DC express high levels of adhesion molecules, display strong attachment and employ the adhesion molecule ALCAM to stimulate T cell proliferation. This study identifies a physiological stimulus for the generation of monocyte-derived DC in vivo. A total of 30 expression profiles were obtained, on 6 APC subtypes from 5 different donors