Transcription profiling of human melanoma cell lines treated or not with inflammatory cytokines
ABSTRACT: Melanomas are often infiltrated by activated inflammatory cells. Thus, melanoma cells are very likely stimulated by inflammatory cytokines. In order to assess the impact of common inflammatory cytokines, we investigated the gene expression profile of melanoma cell lines before and after cytokine treatment in vitro. Experiment Overall Design: 5 human melanoma cell lines were treated with either IFN-α 1,000 U/ml, IFN-γ 100 U/ml or TNF-α 10 ng/ml for 72 hours, or were left untreated. We analyzed their expression profile with Affymetrix expression arrays.
Project description:Human retinal pigment epithelial (HRPE) cells in culture respond to inflammatory cytokines (IFN-γ + TNF-α + IL-1β ) by increasing the expression of many cytokines and chemokines. The goal of this study was to delineate the role of miRNA in this process. We employed microarray analysis to study the effect of inflammatory cytokines on the miRNA expression in HRPE cells. HRPE cells were treated with a mixture of IFN-γ (100 u), TNF-α (10 ng/ml) and IL-1β (10 ng/ml) for 16 hours, and the miRNA expression was analyzed using RNA preparations isolated from control and treated cells. The experiment was repeated. Control samples were labeled with Cy3 while the treated samples with Cy5.
Project description:This dataset details the time-dependent response of human Huh7 hepatoma cells to type I and type III IFN. Despite activating similar signaling cascades, the type I and type III interferons (IFNs) differ in their ability to antagonize viral replication. However, it is not clear whether these cytokines induce unique antiviral states, particularly in the liver, where the clinically important hepatitis B and C viruses cause persistent infection. Here, microarray-based gene expression analysis is combined with mechanistic studies of signaling pathways to dynamically characterize the transcriptional responses induced by these cytokines in Huh7 hepatoma cells and primary human hepatocytes. Type I and III IFNs differed greatly in their level of interferon-stimulated gene (ISG) induction with a clearly detectable hierarchy (IFN-β > IFN-α > IFN-λ3 > IFN-λ1 > IFN-λ2). This hierarchy resulted in widely varying numbers of differentially expressed genes when quantified using common statistical thresholds, even though individual IFNs did not appear to regulate unique sets of genes. The kinetic profiles of IFN-induced gene expression were also qualitatively similar with the important exception of IFN-α. While stimulation with either IFN-β or IFN-λs resulted in a similar long-lasting ISG induction, IFN-α signaling peaked early after stimulation then declined due to a negative feedback mechanism. The quantitative expression hierarchy and unique kinetics of IFN-α suggest different roles for individual IFNs in the immune response, and help explain previously observed differences in antiviral activity. Huh7 cells were seeded into 6-well plates at the density of 3x10^5 cells/well and cultured overnight before stimulation with either 500 U/ml of IFN-α or IFN-β, or 10 ng/ml of IFN-λ1, IFN-λ2, or IFN-λ3. Total RNA was harvested and isolated at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 hours post-incubation using RNeasy Mini Kit (Qiagen) following the Affymetrix GeneChip protocol of the Keck Affymetrix Resource facility at Yale University. IFN incubation at each time point was performed in duplicate. All subsequent processing, hybridization to the Illumina HumanHT-12 microarray, and quality control analyses were carried out by the Yale Center for Genome Analysis using standard protocols.
Project description:Melanomas are often infiltrated by activated inflammatory cells. Thus, melanoma cells are very likely stimulated by inflammatory cytokines. In order to assess the impact of common inflammatory cytokines, we investigated the gene expression profile of melanoma cell lines before and after cytokine treatment in vitro. Overall design: 5 human melanoma cell lines were treated with either IFN-α 1,000 U/ml, IFN-γ 100 U/ml or TNF-α 10 ng/ml for 72 hours, or were left untreated. We analyzed their expression profile with Affymetrix expression arrays.
Project description:12 wild-type C57BL/6 (B6) mice were divided into 4 groups: control group, IFN-α group, LPS group, and IFN-α+ LPS group, every group contained 3 mice (n=3). IFN-α was administrated i.p. to IFN-α group and IFN-α+ LPS group once daily (QD) for 7 days at a medium dose of 105units/kg weight, PBS was administrated i.p. to control group and LPS group QD for 7 days at the same volume. LPS group and IFN-α+ LPS group were injected i.v. with 10 μg LPS for one mouse on the 8th day. Control group and IFN-α group were injected i.v. with PBS at the same volume. 6 h later, mice were sacrificed to harvest spleens for protein microarray experiment. Mouse Cytokine Antibody Array 3(62) was purchased from Ray Biotech, Norcross GA, US. Protein microarray of murine cytokines expression. Spleens from 12 mice (4 group) were treated as indicated in the summary. Equal amount total protein from each spleen was pooled prior to gene expression analysis.
Project description:Human skin-derived precursor cells (hSKP) are a stem cell population that represents key candidates for cell based-therapy. Inflammation, however, is often present in situations where cellular replacement therapy is required. These inflammatory conditions, and more specifically the presence of the cytokine interferon (IFN)-γ, might result in an increase of MHC class II antigens in hSKP-derived grafts and facilitate their rejection. We used microarray analyses to confirm the activated status of the pro-inflammatory condition, induced by exposure to a cocktail of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IFN-γ, TNFα and IFN-α). Consequently, we investigated the modulation by inflammation of canonical pathways related to immunology in hSKP. hSKP obtained from 3 different donors (passage 4) were cultivated in the presence or absence of the pro-inflammatory cocktail. Control and pro-inflammatory stimulated samples were collected 18h after treatment.
Project description:Ma-Mel-15 human melanoma cell cultures were transiently transfected (RNAiMax, Lipofectamin) with control siRNA, siRNA against MITF (pool of 4 siRNAs), siRNA against c-JUN (pool of 4 siRNAs) or combinations of siMITF and siJUN. Cells were then either treated with TNF-alpha (1000U/ml) for 24 hours or left untreated. The experiment was performed as biological duplicates. We aimed to determine how c-JUN cooperates with acute MITF-loss in human melanoma cells to increase inflammatory responsiveness and cell plasticity. Total RNA was obtained from siRNA/TNF-treated Ma-Mel-15 melanoma cell lines and global gene expression profiling was done using the Illumina Human HT12 v4 platform.
Project description:Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is associated with the accumulation of collagen-secreting fibroblasts and myofibroblasts in the lung parenchyma. Many mechanisms contribute to their accumulation, including resistance to apoptosis. In previous work, we showed that exposure to the pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α and IFN-γ reverses fibroblast resistance to apoptosis. The goal of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanism. Based on an initial interrogation of the transcriptomes of unstimulated and TNF-α and IFN-γ-stimulated primary lung fibroblasts and the lung fibroblast cell line, MRC5, we show here that among Fas-signaling pathway molecules, Fas expression was increased ~6-fold in an NF-κB and p38mapk-dependent fashion. Prevention of the increase in Fas expression using Fas siRNAs blocked the ability of TNF-α and IFN-γ to sensitize fibroblasts to Fas ligation induced-apoptosis; while enforced adenovirus-mediated Fas overexpression was sufficient to overcome basal resistance to Fas-induced apoptosis. Examination of lung tissues from IPF patients revealed low to absent staining of Fas in fibroblastic cells of fibroblast foci. Collectively, these findings suggest that increased expression of Fas is necessary and sufficient to overcome the resistance of lung fibroblasts to Fas-induced apoptosis. They also suggest that approaches aimed at increasing Fas expression by lung fibroblasts and myofibroblasts may be therapeutically relevant. To investigate the mechanism by which TNF-α and IFN-γ reprogram fibroblasts from resistance to sensitivity to Fas-ligation-induce apoptosis, we exposed human primary lung fibroblasts from an IPF patient (FS087) and non-disease control subject (N78) and the human fetal lung fibroblast cell lung (MRC-5) to TNF-α (10 ng/ml) and IFN-γ (50 U/ml) for 36 hr and analyzed changes in their transcriptomes using Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Interferon (IFN)-alpha causes high rates of depression and fatigue, and is used to investigate the impact of innate immune cytokines on brain and behavior. However, little is known about transcriptional profiles of circulating immune cells during chronic IFN-alpha administration. Accordingly, genome-wide transcriptional profiling was performed on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 21 patients with chronic hepatitis C virus either awaiting IFN-alpha therapy (n=10) or after 12 weeks of IFN-alpha treatment (n=11). Significance analysis of microarray data identified 252 up-regulated gene transcripts, the majority of which were related to IFN-alpha/antiviral or innate-immune/inflammatory signaling. Of these upregulated genes, 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase 2 (OAS2) was the only gene that was differentially expressed in patients that developed IFN-alpha-induced depression/fatigue, and correlated with depression and fatigue scores at 12 weeks of IFN-alpha administration. Promoter-based bioinformatic and cellular origin analyses revealed IFN-alpha-induced increases in genes bearing transcription factor binding motifs (TFBMs) related to myeloid differentiation, IFN-alpha signaling, API and CREB/ATF family of transcription pathways, with changes derived primarily from monocytes and plasmacytoid dendritic cells. Patients with high depression/fatigue scores demonstrated up-regulation of genes bearing TFBMs for myeloid differentiation, IFN-alpha and AP1 signaling, and down regulation of TFBMs for CREB/ATF-related transcription factors. Cellular origin analyses indicated a shift toward genes derived from CD8+T and NK cells in subjects with high depression/fatigue scores. These results reveal an antiviral and inflammatory transcriptional profile after 12 weeks IFN-alpha, accompanied by increased OAS2 expression, decreased CREB/ATF transcriptional control, and a shift from monocyte-derived genes to those of cytotoxic lymphocytes in IFN-alpha-induced depression/fatigue. Total RNA was isolated from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained at 12 weeks from HCV patients treated with IFN-alpha plus ribavirin (n=11) and untreated HCV patients awaiting IFN-alpha/ribavirin therapy (control subjects, n=10).
Project description:We analyzed the transcriptional response of the human melanoma cell line MZ7 to TNF-alpha (24 hours) in a dose-dependent manner (TNF-alpha 10U/ml, 100U/ml, 1000U/ml) either transfected with control siRNA (siNT = non-targeting siRNA) or transfected with siRNAs (pool of 4 active and independent siRNAs) against the melanocytic transcription factor and lineage oncogene MITF. (Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor). The experiment was performed as biological duplicate. As MITF is critical for melanoma cell state control, we aimed to explore how MITF expression intersects with inflammation-induced plasticity pathways in melanoma. Total RNA was obtained from siRNA/TNF-treated MZ7 melanoma cell lines at various conditions and global gene expression profiling was done using the Illumina Human HT12 v4 platform.
Project description:Transcriptional response of KBM7 cells to IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha was investigated in control or cells with genetrap insertions in JAK2 or TNFRS1A, respectively. The experiment shows that, as expected, cells lacking JAK2 or TNFRS1A expression display a severly blunted response to the tested cytokines. KBM7 genetrap mutant cells stimulated with TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma Sample WT_1 corresponds with the control sample for the IFN-gamma stimulation; Sample WT_2 corresponds with the control sample for the TNF-alpha stimulation. As the expected differences between the samples was large, only single replicates were performed for each condition