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The reduced form of Coenzyme Q10 decreases the expression of LPS-sensitive genes in human THP-1 cells

ABSTRACT: Monocytes are key players in inflammatory processes which are triggered by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major outer membrane component of gram-negative bacteria. The present study in human monocytic THP-1 cells was designed in order to identify LPS-inducible genes which are down-regulated by the reduced form of CoQ10 (ubiquinol, Q10H2). For this purpose, THP-1 cells were incubated with 10 µM Q10H2 for 24 h. Subsequently, cells were stimulated for 4 h with 1µg/ml LPS and the resulting gene expression levels were determined using microarrays. 14 LPS-inducible genes were identified to be significantly (p < 0.05) down-regulated by Q10H2 pre-treatment between a factor of 1.32 and 1.65. The strongest effect of Q10H2 incubation was found for the nuclear receptor coactivator 2 gene (NCOA2). Gene Ontology (GO) terms revealed for the Q10H2-sensitive genes an involvement in e.g. signal transduction processes (CENTD1, NCOA2, PSD3, PPP2R5C), transcriptional regulation (NCOA2, POU2F1, ETV3) and cell proliferation pathways (CCDC100, EPS15). In conclusion, we provide evidence in THP-1 cells that the reduced form of CoQ10 (Q10H2) modulates LPS-induced gene expression. Whole genome expression profiles were analysed from monocytes pre-incubated with the reduced form of CoQ10 (ubiquinol, Q10H2) before subsequent stimulation with LPS. Stimulated (+LPS) and unstimulated (-LPS) monocytes were used as positive and negative controls, respectively. For every experimental group (3 groups in total), three Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 arrays were used, thus resulting in the analysis of 9 microarrays.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Constance Schmelzer   Frank Döring 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-19627 | ArrayExpress | 2010-12-22



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