MiRNA expression after moderate Spinal Cord Injury in Rats
ABSTRACT: Identification of temporal variations in miRNA expression after spinal cord injury caused by thoracic (T8) moderate (200 Kdynes) contusion. Expression changes were analyzed 1, 3 and 7 days after injury and compared to expression of control (untreated) and sham (laminectony but no contusion) individuals. Included groups: control (untreated), 1 day after lesion, 3 days after lesion, 7 days after lesion, 1 days after SHAM cirugy, 3 days after SHAM cirugy, and 7 days after SHAM cirugy. Each of these 7 groups included 5 biological replicates.
Project description:Identification of temporal variations in miRNA expression after spinal cord injury caused by thoracic (T8) moderate (200 Kdynes) contusion. Expression changes were analyzed 1, 3 and 7 days after injury and compared to expression of control (untreated) and sham (laminectony but no contusion) individuals. Overall design: Included groups: control (untreated), 1 day after lesion, 3 days after lesion, 7 days after lesion, 1 days after SHAM cirugy, 3 days after SHAM cirugy, and 7 days after SHAM cirugy. Each of these 7 groups included 5 biological replicates.
Project description:Cardiomyocytes derived from human pluripotent stem cells were exposed to the cardiotoxic drug Doxorubicin in order to assess the utility of this cell system as a model for drug-induced cardiotoxicity. Cells are exposed to different concentrations of doxorubicin for up to 48 hours followed by a 12 days recovery period.
Project description:Over 40 % of microRNAs are located in introns of coding genes, and many intronic microRNAs are co-regulated with their host genes. In such cases of co-regulation, the products of host genes and their intronic microRNAs can cooperate to coordinately regulate biologically important pathways. Therefore, we screened intronic microRNAs dysregulated in liver of obese mouse models to identify previously uncharacterized coding host genes that may contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity-associated insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our approach identified that expression of both Ectodysplasin A (Eda), the causal gene of X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED; MIM 305100) and its intronic microRNA, miR-676, was strongly increased in liver of obese mouse models. Moreover, hepatic EDA expression is increased in obese human subjects, reduced upon weight loss, and its hepatic expression correlates with systemic insulin resistance. Eda expression in murine liver is controlled via PPARg activation, increases in circulation and promotes JNK activation and inhibitory serine phosphorylation of IRS1 in skeletal muscle. Consistently, bi-directional modulation of hepatic Eda expression in mouse models affects systemic glucose metabolism with alterations of muscle insulin signaling, revealing a novel role of EDA as an obesity-associated hepatokine, which impairs insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle.
Project description:We have employed whole microRNA microarray to identify changes in microRNA expression in human bone marrow MSCs (hMSC-TERT) during adipocytic differentiation in culture on day 7 and day 13 Human MSC line (hMSC-TERT) were subjectd to adipocytic differentiation for 7 days or 13 days, subsequently, RNA was extracted. The samples were labeled using the miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Hi-Power Labeling Kit, Hy3™/Hy5™ and hybridized on the miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Array (6'th GEN). Array product number 208400; Array version 6'th GEN, Array batch number 34014, miRBase version 17. The 'Legends_rawdata.pdf' contains the column headers (of raw data files) and their detailed description.
Project description:Profiling of circulating miRNAs before, 60 mins, 1day and 3 days after an acute resistance exercise. Three subjects performed an acute resistance exercise. The resistance exercise consisted of two consecutive exercises (bench press and bilateral leg press), consisting of five sets of 10 repetitions at 70% of 1 RM. The subjects were allowed to rest for 1 min between each set and exercise. The subjects were instructed to lift and lower the load at a constant velocity, taking about 2 s for each repetition. If the load became too heavy, the subject was assisted. The range of motion in each exercise was from 90° to 0° (0° at full extension). Blood samples were taken before, 60 mins, 1day and 3days after the exercise.
Project description:Total RNA was extracted from adipose tissue of high (full) fat diet and standard fat diet mice. Adipose tissue was taken from 16 mice in total. Eight mice were fed a standard diet (SD; control) (10 kcal% fat) and the other eight were fed a high-fat diet (HFD; test) (60 kcal% fat; Research Diets, New Brunswick, NJ) for 5 months. Total RNA was isolated from pooled White Adipose Tissue from SD- or HFD-fed mice using guanidinium thiocyanate. The quality of the total RNA was verified by an Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer profile. One µg total RNA from sample and reference were labeled with Hy3™ and Hy5™ fluorescent label, respectively, using the miRCURY™ LNA Array power labeling kit (Exiqon, Denmark) following the procedure described by the manufacturer. The Hy3™-labeled samples and the Hy5™-labeled sample were mixed pair-wise and hybridized to the miRCURY™ LNA array version 10.0 (Exiqon, Denmark), which contains capture probes targeting all miRNAs for all species registered in the miRBASE version 11.0 at the Sanger Institute. The hybridization was performed according to the miRCURY™ LNA array manual using a Tecan HS4800 hybridization station (Tecan, Austria). After hybridization the microarray slides were scanned and stored in an ozone free environment (ozone level below 2.0 ppb) in order to prevent potential bleaching of the fluorescent dyes. The miRCURY™ LNA array microarray slides were scanned using the Agilent G2565BA Microarray Scanner System (Agilent Technologies, Inc., USA) and the image analysis was carried out using the ImaGene 8.0 software (BioDiscovery, Inc., USA). The quantified signals were normalized using the global Lowess (LOcally WEighted Scatterplot Smoothing) regression algorithm.
Project description:We profiled spinal cord tissue at the site of a moderate contusion injury at the level of the thoracic spinal cord We examined several timepoints following injury, including sham and days 1,3 and 7 following injury and compared differential expression of genes within a genotype and across genotypes (trkB.T1KO/trkB.T1WT) at each timepoint. Tissue was profiled at baseline (sham) condition and then 1, 3 and 7 days after thoracic moderate contusion injury
Project description:The study aimed to identify miRNAs expression profiles associated with growth and regression of dominant-size follicles in bovine. Follicles were collected from abattoir ovaries and their status (healthy/atretic) was assessed by measuring steroid levels and aromatase expression. Total RNA was isolated from whole follicles at different developmental stages. An heterologous microarray (Exiqon, Denmark) approach followed by RT-qPCR validation (Qiagen, UK) was used to identify and compare miRNA profiles between large healthy follicles (diameter, 13–16 mm, n=6) and each of small (4–8 mm, n=6 pools of follicles) and large atretic folllicles (13-16 mm, n=6). RNA from the above groups was hybridized to the miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Hi-Power Labeling Kit,Hy3™/Hy5™ (Exiqon) and hybridized on the miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Array (6th gen). A total of 17 and 57 microRNAs were differentially expressed (> 2 fold, adj. P-value < 0.05) between Large Healthy and each of Small and Large Atretic follicles, respectively, a fraction of which corresponded to registered bovine miRNA sequences. A subset of 5 bovine miRNAs (miR-144, miR-202,vmiR-451, miR-652, miR-873) were confirmed by qPCR to be upregulated in Large Healthy follicles, were enriched in mural granulosa cells and their predicted targets mapped to genes involved in follicular cell proliferation and differentiation, suggesting an involvemet of this subset of microRNAs in ovarian follicle development. Six biological replicates per developmental stage (total of 18 samples) were used in a double dye microRNA microarray experiment. Samples were distributed among slides so that each experimental group was represented at least once in each slide. For each gene, mean normalized intensities (n= 6 biological replicates/group) were compared between follicle stages (SF vs LHF and LHF vs LAF).
Project description:Analysis of the dentate gyrus of amygdala electrical stimulation model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Results provide insight into the molecular mechanism underlying epileptogenesis. This study was designed to estimate changes in miRNA expression levels after 7, 14, 30 and 90 days after electrical stimulation of amygdala as a model of temporal lobe epilepsy. The advantage of this study is time matched control (sham operated animals sacrificed at the same age as stimulated animals).