Ash1 ChIP-chip data from murine Embyonic Stem cells
ABSTRACT: Ash1 is a Trithorax Group (TrxG) protein with histone methyl transferase activity that is associated with gene activation. Here we use ChIP-chip to determine the occupancy of Ash1 at promoters in murine embryonic stem cells. This dataset includes singlet ChIP-chip data targeting Ash1 in murine Embryonic stem cells.
Project description:Mouse embryonic stem cells were used to study RNA Polymerase 2 phosphorylation of Ser 5 IP. Duplicate whole genome mouse arrays of embryonic stem cells. RNA Polymerase II phosphoCTD (Serine 5) antibody was used in the experiment.
Project description:Recruitment of the RNA Polymerase II (Pol II) transcription initiation apparatus to promoters by specific DNA binding transcription factors is well recognized as a key regulatory step in gene expression. We describe here evidence that promoter-proximal pausing is a general feature of transcription by Pol II in embryonic stem (ES) cells, and thus an additional step where regulation of gene expression may occur. We report here that c-Myc, which occupies a third of actively transcribed genes in ES cells and is a key regulator of cellular proliferation, binds P-TEFb and contributes to release of promoter-proximal paused Pol II at these genes. ChIP-chip data for Pol II and additional factors controlling pause release in mouse ES cells.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE20529: Promoter proximal pausing and its regulation by c-Myc in embryonic stem cells: ChIP-chip GSE20530: Promoter proximal pausing and its regulation by c-Myc in embryonic stem cells: ChIP-Seq Refer to individual Series
Project description:The transcription factor Zic3 is required for maintenance of embryonic stem (ES) cell pluripotency (Lim LS et al, Mol Biol Cell. 2007;18:1348-1358). By genome-wide chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP-chip) in ES cells, we have identified 379 direct Zic3 targets, many of which are functionally associated with pluripotency, cell cycle, proliferation, oncogenesis and early embryogenesis. E14 cells were cultured to a density of 1 x 108 cells for each IP. Two biological replicates were performed per experiment. Cells were cross-linked for 10 minutes at room temperature with 1% (w/v) formaldehyde and the reaction subsequently quenched with 125mM glycine. Nuclear fractions were isolated and the DNA sheared to average lengths of 200-500 bp. For analysis on mouse promoter arrays, purified ChIP material was processed according to the Agilent ChIP-on-chip protocol, and labeled DNA was hybridized to Agilent mouse promoter ChIP-on-chip arrays for 40 hours at 65oC (G4490A; Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA). Chips were washed and scanned as per manufacturer’s protocol and the results were processed with Agilent's ChIP Analytics software v1.3. A p-value cutoff <0.001 was specified in our analysis. To further minimize false positives, we applied a “neighborhood voting” algorithm  to filter for high confidence Zic3-enriched sites, wherein binding was considered genuine only in the presence of a second, significantly enriched, neighboring probe (p < 0.005).
Project description:DNA methylation profiling of colonic mucosal DNA between P90 and P30 mice. 0.5ug of DNA was serially digested with SmaI and XmaI followed by an adaptor ligation and adaptor mediated PCR amplification Two independent P90 to P30 comparisons were performed as follows. Samples were labelled with Cy3 (P30) and Cy5 (P90) and two independent P90 to P30 comparisons were done on a 2x105k methylation specific amplification microarray (MSAM) containing 90,535 probes, covering 77% of the 31,019 SmaI intervals between 200 bp and 2 kb in the mouse genome (average 3.8 probes per interval)
Project description:Interindividual variation in methylation profiling of human DNA samples were detected using two-tissue screening by MSAM. 0.5ug of DNA was serially digested with SmaI and XmaI followed by an adaptor ligation and adaptor mediated PCR amplification HF (hair follicle) and PBL (Peripheral Blood Leukocyte) DNA samples for 8 different individuals, two-color experiment, interindividual paired comparison (same sex and age)
Project description:Ash1 is a Trithorax Group (TrxG) protein with histone methyl transferase activity that is associated with gene activation. Here we use ChIP-chip to determine the occupancy of Ash1 at promoters in murine embryonic stem cells. Overall design: This dataset includes singlet ChIP-chip data targeting Ash1 in murine Embryonic stem cells.
Project description:Investigate the genome-wide DNA methylation and gene expression changes during human embryonic stem cell differentiation. hESCs (H1 and H13) DNA samples for 3 different differentian stage (D0, undifferentiated;D21, 21 days after undirected differentiation; D90, 90 days after undirected differentiation); two-color experiment, paired comparison (differentiated vs undifferentiated; A & B: two biological replicates). Differentian-stage variation in methylation profiling of human DNA samples were detected by MSAM. 2µg of DNA was serially digested with SmaI and XmaI followed by an adaptor ligation and adaptor mediated PCR amplification. Analysis of differentian-stage variation in gene expression of human mRNA samples were implementd following standard Agilent protocol.
Project description:Investigate the genome-wide DNA methylation changes in the mouse hypothalamus during the suckling period. Hypothalami were collected from new born (P0) mice, or mice of 21 day-old (P21). Two-color experiment was performed as paired comparison of P21 vs. P0 with two biological replicates. Genome-wide DNA methylation changes from P0 to P21 were detected by MSAM. As a brief description of the MSAM: 500ng of genomic DNA was serially digested with SmaI and XmaI followed by an adaptor ligation and adaptor mediated PCR amplification and then cohybridization.
Project description:Investigate the persistent effects of early postnatal overnutrition on the developmental establishment of the DNA methylation in the mouse hypothalamus. Early postnatal overnutrition was induced in mice by reducing the litter size from normally 9 (C) to 4 (SL) pups per litter. Hypothalami were collected from both C and SL mice at the age of postnatal day 180 (P180). Genome-wide DNA methylation difference between SL and C were detected by MSAM. Equal amount of genomic DNA from 5 hypothalami of the same group were pooled as one MSAM sample. Two pooled DNA samples for each group were used for comparison that meant total 10 hypothalami for each group. 500ng pooled DNA was serially digested with SmaI and XmaI followed by adaptor ligation and PCR amplification. Two cohybridizations were performed to compare DNA methylation between SL and C hypothalami, with day swap.