C. elegans microarrays: daf-2(-) vs. daf-2(-) xbp-1(-)
ABSTRACT: Transcriptional profiling of day 1 animals comparing untreated daf-2(-) animals and daf-2(-) xbp-1(-) animals. Goal was to identify genes whose expression in daf-2 mutants is dependent (directly or indirectly) on xbp-1. Two-condition experiment, daf-2(-) animals and daf-2(-) xbp-1(-) animals. 4 Biological replicates in daf-2(e1370) background: 4 sets of daf-2(e1370) animals and their matching daf-2(e1370) xbp-1(zc12) animals. 4 Biological replicates in daf-2(e1368) background: 4 sets of daf-2(e1368) animals and their matching daf-2(e1368) xbp-1(zc12) animals.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of day 1 animals comparing untreated daf-2(-) animals and daf-2(-) xbp-1(-) animals. Goal was to identify genes whose expression in daf-2 mutants is dependent (directly or indirectly) on xbp-1. Overall design: Two-condition experiment, daf-2(-) animals and daf-2(-) xbp-1(-) animals. 4 Biological replicates in daf-2(e1370) background: 4 sets of daf-2(e1370) animals and their matching daf-2(e1370) xbp-1(zc12) animals. 4 Biological replicates in daf-2(e1368) background: 4 sets of daf-2(e1368) animals and their matching daf-2(e1368) xbp-1(zc12) animals.
Project description:In order to understand the complexity of gene regulation downstream of IIS, we did RNA-seq in mixed culture in wild-type, daf-2(e1370), daf-16(mgDf50);daf-2(e1370) and daf-2(e1370);daf-12(m20 and correlated it with ChIP-seq data RNA-seq profile of different mutants in mix stage
Project description:In order to understand the complexity of gene regulation downstream of IIS, we used anti-DAF-16 antibody, we report the first genome-wide ChIP-sequencing study of endogenous DAF-16 recruitment in daf-2(e1370). We also report the average bin-wise normalized read count of ZFP-1 and DAF-16 on DAF-16 summits ChIP-Seq profile of DAF-16 in mix stage
Project description:To exmine the role of nonsense-mediated mRNA decay process in the longevity regulation of daf-2 mutants, we sequenced transcriptomes from day 1 adult Caenorhabditis elegans: Bristol N2 (wild-type), and smg-2(qd101), daf-2(e1370) and smg-2(qd101); daf-2(e1370) mutants. Overall design: Determination of transcript levels in N2 (wild-type), smg-2(qd101), daf-2(e1370), and smg-2(qd101); daf-2(e1370) animals by using deep sequencing, in duplicate
Project description:In this study we have investigated the effect of loss of math-33 activity on DAF-16-mediated target gene regulation in C. elegans under conditions of reduced Insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS). Using whole nematode RNA sequencing experiments we found that the daf-2(e1370)-mediated induction and repression of DAF-16 target genes was decreased in daf-2(e1370); math-33(tm3561) mutant animals. Our data suggest that the downregulation of endogenous DAF-16 isoforms in the absence of a functional MATH-33 severely affects the global expression of DAF-16 targets when IIS activity is reduced. Therefore, MATH-33 is essential for DAF-16-mediated target gene activation and repression in the context of IIS. DAF-16 mediated target gene regulation was analyzed in daf-2(e1370) nematodes and compared to daf-2(e1370); math-33(tm3561) mutant animals. daf-16(mu86); daf-2(e1370); N2 (wild type) and math-33(tm3561) single mutant animals were used as controls.
Project description:FoxO transcription factors promote longevity across taxa. How they do so is poorly understood. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, the A- and F-isoforms of the FoxO transcription factor DAF-16 extend life span in the context of reduced DAF-2 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGFR) signaling. To elucidate the mechanistic basis for DAF-16/FoxO-dependent life span extension, we performed an integrative analysis of isoform-specific daf-16/FoxO mutants. In contrast to previous studies suggesting that DAF-16F plays a more prominent role in life span control than DAF-16A, isoform-specific daf-16/FoxO mutant phenotypes and whole transcriptome profiling revealed a predominant role for DAF-16A over DAF-16F in life span control, stress resistance, and target gene regulation. Integration of these data sets enabled the prioritization of a subset of 92 DAF-16/FoxO target genes for functional interrogation. Among 29 genes tested, two DAF-16A-specific target genes significantly influenced longevity. Our discovery of new longevity genes underscores the efficacy of our integrative strategy while providing a general framework for identifying specific downstream gene regulatory events that contribute substantially to transcription factor functions. As FoxO transcription factors have conserved functions in promoting longevity and may be dysregulated in aging-related diseases, these findings promise to illuminate fundamental principles underlying aging in animals. Whole-transcriptome profiling of daf-16/FoxO isoform-specific deletion mutants in the long-lived daf-2(e1370) background. Included are daf-16 wild-type, daf-16 null mutation, daf-16a/f mutation, two independent daf-16a mutations, and daf-16f mutation. N2 wild-type controls are also included.
Project description:Analysis of gene expression in long-lived daf-2 mutants for the insulin/IGF-1 receptor. daf-2(e1370) and daf-2(m577) alleles each examined as single and as double mutations with the daf-16(df50) allele. DAF-2 regulates DAF-16, a transcription factor. Results provide insight into longevity.
Project description:Most aging hypotheses revolve around the accumulation of some sort of damage resulting in gradual physiological decline and ultimately death. Avoiding protein damage accumulation by enhanced turnover should slow down the aging process and extend lifespan. However, lowering translational efficiency extends rather than shortens lifespan in C. elegans. We studied turnover of individual proteins in the conserved Insulin/Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF-1) receptor mutant daf-2 by combining Stable Isotope Labeling by Nitrogen-15 in Caenorhabditis elegans and LC-MS/MS. Intriguingly, the majority of proteins displayed prolonged half-lives in daf-2, while others remained unchanged, signifying that longevity is not supported by high protein turnover. This slow-down of protein turnover was most prominent for components of the translation machinery and mitochondria. In contrast, the high turnover of lysosomal hydrolases and very low turnover of cytoskeletal proteins remained largely unchanged in daf-2. The slow-down of protein dynamics and decreased abundance of the translational machinery may point at the importance of anabolic attenuation in lifespan extension as suggested by the hyperfunction theory.
Project description:In order to get an insight into the complex interplay of miRNAs in insulin signaling, we profiled the small RNA polulation of daf-2(e1370) worms at young adult stage by Next Generation sequencing. We performed Next Generation sequencing to compare miRNA profiles of wild-type and long-lived daf-2(e1370) mutant at young adult stage