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Gfi1 regulates survival and lineage commitment of hematopoietic precursors and prevents myeloproliferative diseases

ABSTRACT: Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and lymphoid-primed multi-potential progenitors (LMPPs) are able to initiate both lymphoid and myeloid differentiation. We show here that the transcriptional repressor Gfi1 (growth factor independence 1) implements a specific gene expression program in HSCs and LMPPs that is critical for their survival and lymphoid differentiation potential. We present evidence that Gfi1 is required to maintain expression of genes involved in lymphoid development such as Flt-3, IL7R, Ebf1, Rag1, CCR9 and Notch1 and controls myeloid lineage commitment by regulating expression of genes such as Hoxa9 or M-CSFR. Gfi1 also inhibits apoptosis in HSCs by repressing pro-apoptotic genes such as Bax or Bak. As a consequence, Gfi1-/- mice show defects in self renewal, survival and both myeloid and lymphoid development of HSCs and LMPPs. Co-expression of a Bcl-2 transgene can partially restore the function of HSCs in Gfi1-/- mice, but not the defects in early lymphoid development. Of interest, Gfi1-/- x Bcl-2 transgenic mice show an accelerated expansion of myeloid cells and succumb to a fatal myeloproliferative disease resembling chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). Our data show that Gfi1 protects HSCs against apoptosis, ensures the proper development of LMPPs and plays a role in the development of myeloid leukemia. We used microarrays to detail the global gene expression changes following knockout of Gfi1 in mouse LSK cells We compared LSK cells isolated from Gfi1 knockout mice with wildtype cells to determine global gene expression changes by microarray analysis

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Ludger Klein-Hitpass   L Klein-Hitpass  L Vassen 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-20282 | ArrayExpress | 2011-02-02



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Growth factor independence 1 protects hematopoietic stem cells against apoptosis but also prevents the development of a myeloproliferative-like disease.

Khandanpour Cyrus C   Kosan Christian C   Gaudreau Marie-Claude MC   Dührsen Ulrich U   Hébert Josée J   Zeng Hui H   Möröy Tarik T  

Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio) 20110201 2

The regulation of gene transcription is elementary for the function of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). The transcriptional repressor growth factor independence 1 (Gfi1) restricts HSC proliferation and is essential to maintain their self-renewal capacity and multipotency after transplantation. In addition, Gfi1(-/-) HSCs are severely compromised in their ability to compete with wild-type (wt) HSCs after transplantation. We now report that Gfi1 protects HSCs against stress-induced apoptosis, prob  ...[more]

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