Gene expression profiles following GR24, smoke water and KAR1 treatments in Nicotiana benthamiana seedlings
ABSTRACT: GR24, a synthetic strigolactone, and KAR1, the main bioactive compound in smoke water, both share a common α,β unsaturated furanone moiety which promotes biomass accumulation in three week old N. benthamiana seedlings. In order to investigate whether this D ring is responsible for the biomass accumulation, gene expression profiles were evaluated for co-expression on the Agilent 44k N. tabacum microarray. GR24, smoke and KAR1 induced different transcripts, and suggests that they trigger independent growth responses. Control (untreated), GR24 (10-7M), smoke water (1:1000 dilution) and butenolide (10-7M) gene expression profiles were evaluated on three week old seedlings, in two independent experimental trials.
Project description:GR24, a synthetic strigolactone, and KAR1, the main bioactive compound in smoke water, both share a common α,β unsaturated furanone moiety which promotes biomass accumulation in three week old N. benthamiana seedlings. In order to investigate whether this D ring is responsible for the biomass accumulation, gene expression profiles were evaluated for co-expression on the Agilent 44k N. tabacum microarray. GR24, smoke and KAR1 induced different transcripts, and suggests that they trigger independent growth responses. Overall design: Control (untreated), GR24 (10-7M), smoke water (1:1000 dilution) and butenolide (10-7M) gene expression profiles were evaluated on three week old seedlings, in two independent experimental trials.
Project description:Although a number of animal model studies have addressed changes in gene expression in the parenchyma and their relationship to emphysema, much less is known about the pathogenesis of cigarette smoke-induced small airway remodeling. In this study we exposed rat tracheal explants to whole smoke for 15 minutes, and then cultured the explants in air. The airway transcriptome was evaluated using RAE 230_2 gene chips. By 2 hours after starting smoke exposure, expression levels of 502 genes were changed up or down by more than 1.5 times (p values <0.01 or less) and by 24 hours 1870 genes were significantly changed up or down. These included genes involved in anti-oxidant protection, epithelial defense and remodeling, inflammatory mediators and transcription factors, and a number of unexpected genes including the MMP-12 inducer, tachykinin-1 (substance P). Pre-treatment of the explants with 1 x 10-7 M dexamethasone reduced the number of significantly changed genes by approximately 47% at 2 hr and 68% at 24 hours and in almost all instances reduced the magnitude of the smoke-induced changes. We conclude that even a very brief exposure to cigarette smoke can lead to rapid changes in the expression of a large number of genes in rat tracheal explants, and that these effects are directly mediated by smoke, without a need for exogenous inflammatory cells. Steroids, contrary to the usual belief, are able to ameliorate many of these changes, at least in this very acute model. Experiment Overall Design: 4x tracheal explants (approx 2-3ug) from each rat (n=6 rats) exposed to control (air), smoke (10 puffs of cigarette smoke, delivered during 15 mins), dexamethasone and dexamethasone + cigarette smoke were used for RNA extraction and hybridization on Rat230_2 Affymetrix microarrays. 1 rat, 4 explants and 4 condiditons. n= 6 rats per group/condition 12 animals = 48 samples total (47 went into analysis because 1 sample failing QC metrics)
Project description:Context: Progesterone is important physiologically and therapeutically to maintain uterine quiescence during pregnancy. It acts in part through controlling myometrial gene expression. Objective: To use expression microarray and qRT-PCR validation to determine the changes in gene expression induced by prolonged exposure to a synthetic progestogen. Design: Myometrial explants, obtained at elective Caesarean section (n=9 patients), were maintained in culture, under 0.6g tension, for 3 days in the presence or absence of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA, 100nM). Expression array was performed using Illumina human-8 v3 beadchip arrays. Approximately 30% of differentially expressed transcripts were validated in biological replicates (n=10) using qRT-PCR. Results: Transcripts from 114 genes were significantly differentially expressed. These were significantly enriched in inflammatory response (P=0.00001), growth factor activity (P=0.0004) and cytokine activity genes (P=0.008). 34 transcripts were validated using qRT-PCR using an additional independent sample set obtained from 10 further women. There was very close agreement in the fold changes obtained by array and qRT-PCR analysis (r2=0.9, P<0.0001). We confirmed significant down-regulation of a number of genes which have been well characterized as progesterone sensitive, such as IL1B, IL6, PTGS2 and GJA1. However, the top and 6th most down-regulated genes encoded two cytokines, IL11 and IL24, respectively, not previously implicated in mediating the effects of progesterone in myometrium. Both were validated by qRT-PCR (4.3-fold and 2.2-fold down-regulated, both P<0.001). Conclusions: Progestogens control expression of multiple genes in myometrium, including many with no previously recognised role, including IL11 and IL24. It is plausible that proteins encoded by some of these genes may have important, but as yet uncharacterized effects in controlling human parturition. 9 paired samples of human myometrium treated with MPA (10-7M) or vehicle
Project description:4plex_physco_2014-05 - ppmax2 response to gr24 - How does the Ppmax2 moss mutant respond to Strigolactone (GR24)? - Two moss genotypes are used: WT and the Ppmax2 mutant. Moss tissues are fragmented, then plated on medium (Petri dish with cellophane disks) and cultivated for 3 weeks. Moss tissues are then transfered for 6 hours on acetone-containing medium (control treatment, for WT and Ppmax2) or GR24 (1 microM, in acetone)-containing medium (for Ppmax2). After 6 hours, the moss tissues are collected, quickly forzen in liquid nitrogen. RNA are isolated using the Quiagen RNeasy Plant mini kit (including a RNase-free DNase treatment on column). Two similar experiments (T1 and T2) have been led. Overall design: 4 dye-swap - genotype comparaison,normal vs transgenic comparaison,treated vs untreated comparison
Project description:Strigolactones are plant metabolites that act as phytohormones and rhizosphere signals. Whereas most research on unraveling the action mechanisms of strigolactones is focused on plant shoots, we investigated proteome adaptation during strigolactone signaling in the roots of Arabidopsis thaliana. Through large-scale, time-resolved, and quantitative proteomics, the impact of the strigolactone analog rac-GR24 was elucidated on the root proteome of the wild type and the signaling mutant more axillary growth 2 (max2). Our study revealed a clear MAX2-dependent rac-GR24 response: an increase in abundance of enzymes involved in flavonol biosynthesis, which was reduced in the max2-1 mutant. Mass spectrometry-driven metabolite profiling and thin-layer chromatography experiments demonstrated that these changes in protein expression lead to the accumulation of specific flavonols. Moreover, quantitative RT-PCR revealed that the flavonol-related protein expression profile was caused by rac-GR24--induced changes in transcript levels of the corresponding genes. This induction of flavonol production was shown to be activated by the two pure enantiomers that together make up rac-GR24. Finally, our data provide much needed clues concerning the multiple roles played by MAX2 in the roots and a comprehensive view of the rac-GR24--induced response in the root proteome.
Project description:Plant-derived smoke plays a key role in seed germination and plant growth. To investigate the effect of plant-derived smoke on chickpea, a gel-free/label-free proteomic technique was used. Germination percentage, root/shoot length, and fresh biomass were increased in chickpea treated with 2000 ppm plant-derived smoke within 6 days. On treatment with 2000 ppm plant-derived smoke for 6 days, the abundance of 90 proteins including glycolysis-related proteins significantly changed in chickpea root. Proteins related to signaling and transport were increased; however, proteins related to protein metabolism, cell, and cell wall were decreased. The sucrose synthase for starch degradation was increased and total soluble sugar was induced in chickpea. Similarly, the proteins for nitrate pathway were increased and nitrate content was improved in chickpea. On the other hand, although secondary metabolism related proteins were decreased, flavonoid contents were increased in chickpea. Based on proteomic and immuno-blot analyses, proteins related to redox homeostasis were decreased and increased in root and shoot, relatively. Furthermore, fructose-bisphosphate aldolase was increased; while, phosphotransferase and phosphoglyceromutase were decreased in glycolysis. These results suggest that plant-derived smoke improves early stage of growth in chickpea with the balance of many cascades such as glycolysis, redox homeostasis, and secondary metabolism.
Project description:The goals of this study were to identify LIN28 downstream gene targets in breast cancer cells. We use a subclone of the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line, MCF-7M as our model system. Methods: mRNA-protein complexes (mRNP) lysates were prepared from MCF-7M cells and incubated with Protein-A Sepharose beads (Sigma-Aldrich) and either LIN28 (Abcam) or control normal rabbit serum IgG antibodies. LIN28 interacting mRNAs were identified by whole genome sequencing. Results: Using an optimized data analysis workflow, we mapped approximately 13 million sequence reads for LIN28-IP and CTL- IP (IgG), respectively to the to the human genome (build h19). Conclusions: mRNA were significantly bound by LIN28 if LIN28 RIP had 2.5 fold increase in normalized reads compared to IgG. We found that LIN28 was predominantly bound at coding exons and 3'UTRs, 38% & 45% respectively, in the 843 mRNAs within MCF-7M genome. Overall design: LIN28 mRNA enriched regions identified from LIN28/RNA complexes prepared from MCF-7M cells.