Dataset Information


Effects of diet and age on canine colon tissue gene expression

ABSTRACT: Aging alters gastrointestinal morphology, microbiota, and functionality, and is associated with increased incidence of intestinal disease. The mechanisms that contribute to these changes are poorly described. Gene expression in dogs has been evaluated for a few select genes under pathogenic or varying dietary conditions, but global gene expression profiles of aged versus young adult dogs have not been compared previously. Thus, we used canine microarrays to compare gene expression profiles of colonic epithelial tissue from geriatric and young adult dogs fed 2 different diets. Colon tissue samples were collected from 6 geriatric (12 yr-old) and 6 young adult (1 yr-old) female beagles after being fed one of two diets (animal protein-based versus plant-protein based) for 12 months. RNA samples were hybridized to Affymetrix GeneChip Canine Genome Arrays. Statistical analyses indicated that age had the greatest impact on gene expression, with 212 genes differentially expressed in geriatric dogs. Although not as robust as age, diet affected mRNA abundance of 66 genes. The effect of age was most notable, with increased expression in genes related to inflammation, stress response, cellular metabolism and cell proliferation and decreased expression in genes associated with apoptosis and defense mechanism in senior dogs. The effect of diet on gene expression was not consistent, but appeared to have a greater response in senior dogs. Six geriatric (11.1 yr old) and 6 weanling (8 wk old) female beagles were used. Three dogs of each age were assigned to one of two dietary treatments and fed for 12 months. Diets tested in this experiment were previously shown to manipulate energy metabolism. One diet was an animal-protein based diet (APB) and was composed primarily of highly digestible ingredients and animal-derived protein and fat sources (brewer’s rice, poultry by-product meal, poultry fat) and was formulated to contain 28% protein, 23% fat, and 5% dietary fiber. The other diet was a plant-protein based diet (PPB) and was composed primarily of moderately digestible plant-derived ingredients (corn, soybean meal, wheat middlings, and meat and bone meal) and was formulated to contain 26% protein, 11% fat, and 15% dietary fiber. Although the two diets were very different in terms of ingredient and chemical composition, both were formulated to meet or exceed all nutrient requirements for canine growth according to the Association of American Feed Control Officials. Young dogs were fed ad libitum to allow for adequate growth, while geriatric dogs were fed to maintain baseline BW throughout the experiment. To produce the desired metabolic effects, the PPB diet was formulated to contain a lower caloric density (APB = 5.38 kcal/g; PPB = 4.75 kcal/g) and have a lower nutrient digestibility than the APB diet. Thus, dogs fed the PPB diet needed to consume a greater (P<0.05) quantity of food (237 g/d; 1123 kcal/d) than dogs fed the APB diet (166 g/d; 893 kcal/d) to grow (young) or maintain BW (geriatrics). Even though metabolic indices were altered, mean BW among dietary treatments was not different at any time over the course of the study for young or geriatric dogs. After 12 months on experiment, animals were fasted for 12 hr and then given a lethal dose (130 mg/kg BW) of sodium pentobarbital (Euthasol, Virbac Corp., Fort Worth, TX) intravenously into the left forearm. Death was confirmed by lack of respiration and a corneal reflex, and absence of a heartbeat detected with a stethoscope placed under the left elbow. Colon samples were collected immediately after death was confirmed, flash frozen using liquid nitrogen, and stored at -80oC. Frozen samples were placed in RNAlater-ICE until epithelial layer could be scraped off and used for microarray analysis.

ORGANISM(S): Canis lupus familiaris  

SUBMITTER: Lawrence B Schook   Kelly Scott Swanson  Kelly S Swanson 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-20557 | ArrayExpress | 2010-08-01



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Gene expression profiles of colonic mucosa in healthy young adult and senior dogs.

Kil Dong Yong DY   Vester Boler Brittany M BM   Apanavicius Carolyn J CJ   Schook Lawrence B LB   Swanson Kelly S KS  

PloS one 20100922 9

BACKGROUND: We have previously reported the effects of age and diet on nutrient digestibility, intestinal morphology, and large intestinal fermentation patterns in healthy young adult and senior dogs. However, a genome-wide molecular analysis of colonic mucosa as a function of age and diet has not yet been performed in dogs. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Colonic mucosa samples were collected from six senior (12-year old) and six young adult (1-year old) female beagles fed one of two diets (ani  ...[more]

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