Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

388

Widespread transcription at neuronal activity-regulated enhancers


ABSTRACT: We used genome-wide sequencing methods to study stimulus-dependent enhancer function in neurons. We identified ~12,000 neuronal activity-regulated enhancers that are bound by the general transcriptional co-activator CBP in an activity-dependent manner. A function of CBP at enhancers may be to recruit RNA polymerase II (RNAPII), as we also observed activity-regulated RNAPII binding to thousands of enhancers. Remarkably, RNAPII at enhancers transcribes bi-directionally a novel class of enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) within enhancer domains defined by the presence of histone H3 that is mono-methylated at lysine 4 (H3K4me1). The level of eRNA expression at neuronal enhancers positively correlates with the level of mRNA synthesis at nearby genes, suggesting that eRNA synthesis occurs specifically at enhancers that are actively engaged in promoting mRNA synthesis. These findings reveal that a widespread mechanism of enhancer activation involves RNAPII binding and eRNA synthesis. Examination of genome-wide binding of three types of modified histones, four transcription factors, and RNA polymerase II (ChIP-Seq), as well as RNA expression (RNA-Seq) before and after membrane depolarization via application of extracellular potassium.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Michael E Greenberg   Jesse M Gray  Gabriel Kreiman  Martin Hemberg  Tae-Kyung Kim 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-21161 | ArrayExpress | 2010-04-14

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP002303SRP002302GSE21161PRJNA126613

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications


We used genome-wide sequencing methods to study stimulus-dependent enhancer function in mouse cortical neurons. We identified approximately 12,000 neuronal activity-regulated enhancers that are bound by the general transcriptional co-activator CBP in an activity-dependent manner. A function of CBP at enhancers may be to recruit RNA polymerase II (RNAPII), as we also observed activity-regulated RNAPII binding to thousands of enhancers. Notably, RNAPII at enhancers transcribes bi-directionally a n  ...[more]

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