Genomics

Dataset Information

297

Chromatin and Sequence Features that Define the Fine and Gross Structure of Genomics Methylation Patterns


ABSTRACT: We report a new method for genome-wide methylation profiling that is able to probe methylation status in both single-copy DNA and interspersed repeats. This method, MethylMAPS, uses methylation-sensitive and -dependent enzymes to fractionate the genome according to methylation state. Methylated and unmethylated fragments are then sequenced with Next-Gen sequencing to map methylated and unmethylated CpG sites in the genome. We have used this method to determine the methylation status of >275 million CpG sites in human and mouse DNA from breast and brain tissues. We conclude that methylation is the default state of most CpG dinucleotides and that a combination of local dinucleotide frequencies, the interaction of repeated sequences, and the presence or absence of histone variants or modifications shields a population of CpG sites (most of which are in and around promoters) from DNA methyltransferases that lack intrinsic sequence specificity. Genome-wide methylation mapping in two normal human breast tissues, human brain tissue and mouse brain tissue.

ORGANISM(S): Musculus  

SUBMITTER: Timothy H Bestor   John R. Edwards  John R Edwards 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-21242 | ArrayExpress | 2010-04-16

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE21242SRP003182PRJNA126517

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications


Abnormalities of genomic methylation patterns are lethal or cause disease, but the cues that normally designate CpG dinucleotides for methylation are poorly understood. We have developed a new method of methylation profiling that has single-CpG resolution and can address the methylation status of repeated sequences. We have used this method to determine the methylation status of >275 million CpG sites in human and mouse DNA from breast and brain tissues. Methylation density at most sequences was  ...[more]

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