Transcriptomics

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Azole Resistance Mechanism in Candida glabrata


ABSTRACT: Microarray was used to analyze azole resistance of Candida glabrata oropharyngeal isolates from 7 hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients receiving fluconazole prophylaxis. Transcriptional profiling of the sequential-paired clinical isolates by microarray revealed 19 genes upregulated in the majority of resistant isolates compared to their paired-susceptible isolates. All seven resistant isolates had greater than two fold upregulation of CgPDR1, a master transcriptional regulator of PDR network, and all 7 resistant isolates showed upregulation of known CgPDR1-target genes. The altered transcriptome can be explained in part by the observation that all 7 resistant isolates had acquired a single nonsynonymous mutation in their CgPDR1 ORF. Four mutations occurred in the regulatory domain (L280P, L344S, G348A, S391L) and one in the activation domain (G943S) while two mutations (N764I, R772I) occurred in an undefined region. Association of azole resistance and the CgPDR1 mutations was investigated in the same genetic background by introducing the CgPDR1 sequences from one sensitive and five resistant isolates into a laboratory azole-sensitive strain (cgpdr1) via integrative transformation. The cgpdr1 strain was restored to wild-type fluconazole susceptibility when transformed with CgPDR1 from the susceptible isolate but became resistant when transformed with CgPDR1 from the resistant isolates. However, despite the identical genetic background, upregulation of CgPDR1 and CgPDR1-target genes varied between the 5 transformants, independent of the domain locations in which the mutations occurred. In sum, gain-of-function mutations in CgPDR1 not only contributed to the clinical azole resistance but different mutations had varying degrees of impact on the CgPDR1-target genes. Two groups (C1S/84 and C16R/84) consisted of 4 biological replicates in which a complemented strain sample was paired with the laboratory wild type strain 84 sample. Each group included 1 reciprocally labeled sample.

ORGANISM(S): [Candida] glabrata  

SUBMITTER: Huei-Fung Tsai  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-21355 | ArrayExpress | 2010-07-07

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE21355PRJNA126111

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Microarray and molecular analyses of the azole resistance mechanism in Candida glabrata oropharyngeal isolates.

Tsai Huei-Fung HF   Sammons Lindsay R LR   Zhang Xiaozhen X   Suffis Sara D SD   Su Qin Q   Myers Timothy G TG   Marr Kieren A KA   Bennett John E JE  

Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy 20100614 8


DNA microarrays were used to analyze Candida glabrata oropharyngeal isolates from seven hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients whose isolates developed azole resistance while the recipients received fluconazole prophylaxis. Transcriptional profiling of the paired isolates revealed 19 genes upregulated in the majority of resistant isolates compared to their paired susceptible isolates. All seven resistant isolates had greater than 2-fold upregulation of C. glabrata PDR1 (CgPDR1), a master  ...[more]

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