Dataset Information


Staphylococcus aureus nonribosomal peptide secondary metabolites regulate virulence

ABSTRACT: Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen and resistant to numerous clinically used antibiotics. The first antibiotic developed for S. aureus infections was the nonribosomal petide secondary metabolite penicillin. We discovered cryptic nonribosomal peptide secondary metabolites, the aureusimines, made by S. aureus itself that are not antibiotics, but function as small molecule regulators of virulence factor expression. Using established rules and codes for nonribosomal peptide assembly we predicted these nonribosomal peptides, and used these predictions to identify them from S. aureus culture broths. Functional studies using global microarray and mouse bacteremia models established that the aureusimines control virulence factor expression and are necessary for productive infections. This is the first report of the aureusimines and has important implications for the treatment of drug resistant S. aureus. Targeting aureusimine synthesis may provide novel anti-infectives. Commerically available S. aureus GeneChips (Affymetrix) were used to compare biological replicates of early and late exponential phase wild type (Newman) and aureusimine defective (ausA) organisms.

ORGANISM(S): Staphylococcus aureus  

SUBMITTER: Aubrey-Bailey M Wyatt   Nathan A Magarvey  Christelle M Roux  Frederico Beasley  Paul M Dunman  Wenliang Wang  David E Heinrichs 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-21373 | ArrayExpress | 2010-07-30



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