Transcriptomics

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Gene expression profile of splenocytes in Sh2d1a-/- mice


ABSTRACT: CD4 T cell help is critical for both the generation and maintenance of germinal centers, and T follicular helper (TFH) cells are the CD4 T cell subset required for this process. SAP (SH2D1A) expression in CD4 T cells is essential for germinal center development. However, SAP-deficient mice have only a moderate defect in TFH differentiation as defined by common TFH surface markers. CXCR5+ TFH cells are found within the germinal center as well as along the boundary regions of T/B cell zones. Here we show that germinal center associated T cells (GC TFH) can be identified by their co-expression of CXCR5 and the GL7 epitope, allowing for phenotypic and functional analysis of TFH and GC TFH populations. Here we show GC TFH are a functionally discrete subset of further polarized TFH cells, with enhanced B cell help capacity and a specialized ability to produce IL-4 in a TH2-independent manner. Strikingly, SAP-deficient mice have an absence of the GC TFH subset and SAP- TFH are defective in IL-4 and IL-21 production. We further demonstrate that SLAM (Slamf1, CD150), a surface receptor that utilizes SAP signaling, is specifically required for IL-4 production by GC TFH. GC TFH cells require IL-4 and IL-21 production for optimal help to B cells. These data illustrate complexities of SAP-dependent SLAM family receptor signaling, revealing a prominent role for SLAM receptor ligation in IL-4 production by germinal center CD4 T cells but not in TFH and GC TFH differentiation. Analysis of in vivo antigen-specific (LCMV-specific, SMARTA TCR transgenic) WT and Sh2d1a-/- follicular helper CD4 T cells (CXCR5high),versus non-follicular helper CD4 T cells (CXCR5low), eight days after viral infection.

REANALYSED by: E-GEOD-21379

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Shane Crotty  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-21379 | ArrayExpress | 2010-04-28

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE21379PRJNA129503

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Germinal center T follicular helper cell IL-4 production is dependent on signaling lymphocytic activation molecule receptor (CD150).

Yusuf Isharat I   Kageyama Robin R   Monticelli Laurel L   Johnston Robert J RJ   Ditoro Daniel D   Hansen Kyle K   Barnett Burton B   Crotty Shane S  

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 20100604 1


CD4 T cell help is critical for the generation and maintenance of germinal centers (GCs), and T follicular helper (T(FH)) cells are the CD4 T cell subset required for this process. Signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM)-associated protein (SAP [SH2D1A]) expression in CD4 T cells is essential for GC development. However, SAP-deficient mice have only a moderate defect in T(FH) differentiation, as defined by common T(FH) surface markers. CXCR5(+) T(FH) cells are found within the GC, as we  ...[more]

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