Dataset Information


Novel viruses naturally infecting Caenorhabditis nematodes trigger a small RNA response

ABSTRACT: C. elegans has served as a laboratory model organism due to its ease of manipulation and the availability of both forward and reverse genetics. In recent years, efforts to study host-pathogen interactions in C. elegans have increased. For example, analysis of infections by bacteria such as Pseudomonas, Salmonella or Serratia has revealed the existence of innate immune pathways in C. elegans that are also conserved in vertebrates. To date, there has been no natural virus infection reported in C. elegans or C. briggsae. Here we describe evidence of natural virus infection in wild isolates of both C. elegans and C. briggsae. Two highly divergent but related RNA viruses in the family Nodaviridae, tentatively named Orsay nodavirus and Santeuil nodavirus, were detected and their genomes partially sequenced. Infected worm lysates passed through 0.2 um filters could be used to infect uninfected worms, which could be further passaged for many generations. Furthermore, the viruses were subject to processing by the RNAi machinery as evidenced by the detection of virally derived small RNAs. Infection of mutant worms defective in small RNA pathways yielded more robust levels of viral RNA as compared to infection of isogenic N2 reference worms. These data demonstrate that nodaviruses are natural parasites of nematodes in the wild. Further study of the interactions between these viruses and nematodes is likely to provide insight into the natural ecology of nematodes and may reveal novel innate immune mechanisms that respond to viral infection. Two small RNA libraries (18-30 nt) from nodavirus-infected and cured C. elegans wild isolate JU1580 were sequenced on the Illumina Genome Analyzer II platform. Samples were treated with tobacco acid pyrophosphatase to allow cloning of small RNA molecules with 5'-triphosphates. Each sample was labelled with a unique four base pair barcode and libraries were multiplexed together with a third library (not included in this submission). The multiplexed libraries were sequenced in triplicate.

ORGANISM(S): Caenorhabditis elegans  

SUBMITTER: Guoyan Zhao   Yanfang Jiang  Isabelle Nuez  Guang Wu  Joséphine Piffaretti  Eric A Miska  Tony Bélicard  Mabel Sanroman  Leonard D Goldstein  David Wang  Leonard Goldstein  Alyson Ashe  Marie-Anne Félix 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-21736 | ArrayExpress | 2011-01-01



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An ideal model system to study antiviral immunity and host-pathogen co-evolution would combine a genetically tractable small animal with a virus capable of naturally infecting the host organism. The use of C. elegans as a model to define host-viral interactions has been limited by the lack of viruses known to infect nematodes. From wild isolates of C. elegans and C. briggsae with unusual morphological phenotypes in intestinal cells, we identified two novel RNA viruses distantly related to known  ...[more]

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