BACKGROUND: The intestinal mucosa is characterized by complex metabolic and immunological processes driven highly dynamic gene expression programs. With the advent of next generation sequencing and its utilization for the analysis of the RNA sequence space, the level of detail on the global architecture of the transcriptome reached a new order of magnitude compared to microarrays. RESULTS: We report the ultra-deep characterization of the polyadenylated transcriptome in two closely related, yet d ...[more]
Project description:Genome wide expression profiling to determine the overlap of Affymetrix-signals with SOLID sequencing RNA was extracted using the Qiagen RNeasy kit following the manufacturers guidelines, arrays were prepared and hybridized following the Affymetrix protocol. Mus musculus samples from small intestine and colon, to be compared to transcript data aquired with other techniques
Project description:Analysis of gene expression profiles is an attractive method for discovering how animals respond to environmental challenges in nature. Compared to low altitudes, high altitudes are characterized by reduced partial pressures of oxygen (hypoxia) and cooler ambient temperatures To better understand how mammals cope with high altitudes, we trapped wild house mice (Mus musculus domesticus) from 3 populations in La Paz, Bolivia (3000 - 3600 m) and 3 populations in Lima, Peru (0 – 200 m). Affymetrix GeneChip® Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Arrays were use to measure mRNA abundance in the livers of these mice. Eighteen male house mice were trapped from three different locations (3 mice per location)at high alttiude (La Paz, Bolivia, 3600 m) and from three locations at low altiditude (Lima, Peru, 100 m). Total mRNA was extracted from the livers and used for hybridization of Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse expression set 420.
Project description:It is known that CBFB-MYH11, the fusion gene generated by inversion of chromosome 16 in human acute myeloid leukemia, is causative for oncogenic transformation. However, the mechanism by which CBFB-MYH11 initiates leukemogenesis is not clear. Previously published reports showed that CBFB-MYH11 dominantly inhibits RUNX1 and CBFB, and such inhibition has been suggested as the mechanism for leukemogenesis. However, knockin mice expressing Cbfb-MYH11 (Cbfb+/MYH11) showed defects in primitive hematopoiesis not seen in Cbfb null (Cbfb-/-) embryos indicating that Cbfb-MYH11 has repression independent activities as well. To identify gene expression changes associated with this novel activity, we compared the gene expression profile in the blood cells of Cbfb+/MYH11 and Cbfb-/- embryonic day 12.5 (E12.5) embryos with that of their wildtype littermates. Cbfb-MYH11 chimeras were mated to C57/Bl6 females to generate Cbfb+/MYH11 (Cbfb+/MYH11) and Cbfb+/+ (WT) embryos. Cbfb+/- x Cbfb+/- matings were used to generate Cbfb+/+ (Cbfb+/+) and Cbfb-/- (Cbfb-/-) embryos. Blood from 8-10 E12.5 embryos of the same genotype was pooled, and RNA was isolated, labeled, and hybridized to Affymetrix Genechip mouse microarray (430 2.0) chips. 4 chips were used for both the Cbfb+/MYH11 and littermate control samples. 3 chips were used for the Cbfb-/- samples and littermate control samples.
Project description:Germinal centers (GCs) are clusters of activated B cells built on stromal cells known as follicular dendritic cells (FDCs). In the Peyer’s patches (PPs), GCs are chronically induced by bacteria and are the major sites for generation of gut IgA immune responses. Whether FDCs directly contribute to the IgA production in PP GCs is unknown. To investigate the role FDCs in gut immune system, we examined comprehensive gene profiles of FDCs purified from PPs or perypheral lymph nodes (pLNs) with or without immunization. We also tried to reconstitute the PP FDC signature in vitro by pulsed or continuous stimulation of pLN FDCs through TLRs, RARs or simultaneously through TLRs and RARs. The number of samples is as follows; ex vivo naïve pLN FDC=3, ex vivo immunized pLN FDC=2, ex vivo PP FDCs=3, in vitro without stimulation=2, in vitro with LPS stimulation for 5 hours=1, in vitro with LPS stimulation for 72h=1, in vitro with Pam2CSK4 (Pam) stimulation for 96h=2, in vitro with retinoic acid(RA) stimulation for 96h=2,in vitro with RA+Pam stimulation for 96h=2. In addition, ex vivo FDCs with or without immunizations were compared (3 samples), or in vitro cultured FDCs with or without various stimulations were compared (6 samples)
Project description:BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor g (PPAR g) is a nuclear receptor whose activation has been shown to modulate macrophage and epithelial cell-mediated inflammation. The objective of this study was to use a systems approach for investigating the mechanism by which the deletion of PPAR g in epithelial cells modulates the severity of dextran-sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis, immune cell distribution and global gene expression. RESULTS: The deficiency of PPAR g in epithelial cells does not significantly affect disease activity or body weight but worsens colon histopathlogy. WT mice have greater CD4+IL10+ T cells and fewer MHC II+ macrophages in mesenteric lymph nodes. Global gene expression analysis reveals greater changes after 7 days of DSS challenge (compared to 2 days). Colonic mucosa from VC- (WT) and VC+ (PPARg knock-out in epithelial cells) mice were sampled at 0 (no DSS), 2, and 7 days of DSS-induced experimental colitis
Project description:Genome wide expression profiling to determine the overlap of Affymetrix-signals with SOLID sequencing RNA was extracted using the Qiagen RNeasy kit following the manufacturers guidelines, arrays were prepared and hybridized following the Affymetrix protocol. Overall design: Mus musculus samples from small intestine and colon, to be compared to transcript data aquired with other techniques
Project description:Tamoxifen- induced FIT2 deletion using whole body inducible ROSA26CreERT2 FIT2 floxed mice causes upregulation of the p53 pathway which accompanies intestinal death We used microarrays to detail the changes in small intestine gene expression at day 2, 3, and 5 of tamoxifen induced FIT2 deletion in whole body inducible ROSA26CreERT2 FIT2 floxed mice. Small intestine was harvested from L/L and ROSA26CreERT2 L/L mice at days 2, 3, and 5 post- tamoxifen treatment and subject to microarray analysis. Pooled intestinal RNA from n biological replicates were used for each genotype and timepoint. D2 L/L n=6, D2 KO n=7, D3 L/L n=6, D3 KO n=6, D5 L/L n=8, D5 KO n=7.
Project description:To compare gene expression between CD11b+ IgA and CD11b- IgA cells in the small intestine, each cell population was isolated from the murine small intestine. Similar experiment with different sample was performed as described in Gene expression on CD11b+ IgA and CD11b- IgA cells in the small intestine #02