Genomics

Dataset Information

296

Relationship between nucleosome positioning and DNA methylation: Bisulfite-Seq, ChIP-Seq, and Mnase-Seq


ABSTRACT: Nucleosomes compact and regulate access to DNA in the nucleus, and are composed of approximately 147 bases of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer. Here we report a genome-wide nucleosome positioning analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana utilizing massively parallel sequencing of mononucleosomes. By combining this data with profiles of DNA methylation at single base resolution, we identified ten base periodicities in the DNA methylation status of nucleosome-bound DNA and found that nucleosomal DNA was more highly methylated than flanking DNA. These results suggest that nucleosome positioning strongly influences DNA methylation patterning throughout the genome and that DNA methyltransferases preferentially target nucleosome-bound DNA. We also observed similar trends in human nucleosomal DNA suggesting that the relationships between nucleosomes and DNA methyltransferases are conserved. Finally, as has been observed in animals, nucleosomes were highly enriched on exons, and preferentially positioned at intron-exon and exon-intron boundaries. RNA Pol II was also enriched on exons relative to introns, consistent with the hypothesis that nucleosome positioning regulates Pol II processivity. We also found that DNA methylation enriched on exons, consistent with the targeting of DNA methylation to nucleosomes. Genomic DNA from Arabidopsis thaliana was MNase digested, size selected and sequenced. Genomic DNA associated with H3 was isolated using ChIP and sequenced. Genomic DNA from human HSF1 embryonic stem cells was bisulfite converted and sequenced.

SUBMITTER: Shawn J Cokus   Xiaoyu Zhang  Yanchun Yu  Sabeeha S Merchant  Steven E Jacobsen  Ramakrishna K Chodavarapu  Jin Kim  Amander T Clark  matteo Pellegrini  Yana Bernatavichute  Maria Bernal  Matteo Pellegrini  Suhua Feng  Jonathan Hetzel  Frank Kuo  Hume Stroud  David Casero  Ute Krämer  Pao-Yang Chen  Peter Huijser 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-21821 | ArrayExpress | 2010-05-29

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE21821SRP002544SRP002537PRJNA129325

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications


Nucleosomes compact and regulate access to DNA in the nucleus, and are composed of approximately 147 bases of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer. Here we report a genome-wide nucleosome positioning analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana using massively parallel sequencing of mononucleosomes. By combining this data with profiles of DNA methylation at single base resolution, we identified 10-base periodicities in the DNA methylation status of nucleosome-bound DNA and found that nucleosomal DNA was mor  ...[more]

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