ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DCs) play a vital role in innate immunity. Transcriptome of DCs isolated from mouse spleen was obtained and deposited here. Keywords: Spleen, DCs We sought to determine the expression profile of splenic CD11c+ cells. RNA was extracted from DCs sorted from mouse spleen (CD11c+ cells) and hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE22127: Expression profiling of small intestine lamina propria dendritic cells GSE22128: Expression profiling of splenic dendritic cells Dendritic cells play a vital role in initiating robust immunity against pathogens as well as maintaining immunological tolerance to self antigens, food antigens and intestinal commensals. However, the intracellular signaling networks that program DCs to become tolerogenic are largely unknown. To address this, we analyzed gene expression profiles using microarray analysis of purified intestinal lamina propria DCs (CD11c+ CD11b+ DCs and CD11c+ CD11b- DCs) and compared it to splenic DCs (CD11c+ DC), from mice. We sought to determine the unique genetic profile of small intestine lamina propria CD11c+ cells compared to splenic CD11c+ cells. We performed a meta-analysis using the expression profiles of Intestinal lamina propria CD11c+ CD11b+ DCs (GSM550122), Intestinal lamina propria CD11c+ CD11b- DCs (GSM550121) and Splenic CD11c+ DCs (GSM550126). This study combined and re-normalized the microarray data from GSE22127 and GSE22128 studies. Refer to individual Series for additional details
Project description:Dendritic cells play a vital role in initiating robust immunity against pathogens as well as maintaining immunological tolerance to self antigens, food antigens and intestinal commensals. However, the intracellular signaling networks that program DCs to become tolerogenic are largely unknown. To address this, we analyzed gene expression profiles using microarray analysis of purified intestinal lamina propria DCs (CD11c+ CD11b+ DCs and CD11c+ CD11b- DCs) from mice. Keywords: Lamina propria, DCs, cell type comparison We sought to determine the expression profile of small intestine lamina propria CD11c+ cells. RNA was extracted from DCs sorted from mouse small intestine (CD11c+CD11b- and CD11c+CD11b+ cells) and hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:T helper type 2 (Th2) responses are induced by protease allergens and helminthes. However the molecular mechanisms that initiate Th2 responses are poorly understood. To obtain insight into this mechanism, we performed a microarray analysis of lymph node DCs stimulated in vitro with the protease allergen papain, or with LPS, a Th1 inducing stimulus. Key words: Th2 response, LPS, dendritic cells, Papain CD11c+ DCs were isolated from the lymph nodes of C57BL/6 mice, and cultured in vitro (1x106 DCs per ml) with 500 3T3-CD40L fibroblasts, either alone, or in the presence of papain (25 µg/ml) or LPS (1 µg/ml). 4h and 17h later, the cells were harvested and RNA isolated and processed for microarray analyses. RNA was extracted and processed from freshly isolated LN DCs. For a given time point, the expression profile of DCs treated with papain or LPS, were compared to that of untreated DCs
Project description:The purpose of this study was to identify differentially expressed genes in laser-capture microdissected (LCM) invasive mammary carcinomas (IMCs). Invasive mammary carcinoma of the breast surgical resection specimens were laser capture microdissected for RNA extraction and hybridization to Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:The purpose of this study was to identify molecular markers of pathologic response to neoadjuvant dose-dense docetaxel treatment using gene expression profiling on pretreatment biopsies. Patients with high-risk, operable breast cancer were treated with 75 mg/m2 IV of docetaxel on day 1 of each cycle every 2 weeks x 4 cycles . Tumor tissue from pretreatment biopsies was obtained from 12 patients enrolled in the study. Gene expression profiling were done on serial sections of the biopsies from patients that achieved a pathologic complete response (pCR) and compared to those with residual disease, non-pCR (NR). Tumor tissues from pretreatment needle biopsies from patients enrolled in a dose-dense docetaxel clinical trial were laser capture microdissected for RNA extraction and hybridization to Affymetrix microarrays. We analyzed one array (sample A) from duplicate samples from each patient.
Project description:p73 is a p53 family transcription factor that plays critical roles during development and tumor suppression. We analyzed p73 activity using a combination of ChIP-on-Chip and gene expression profiling, both at baseline and after treatment with the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin. We generated an mTOR-p73 gene signature that predicts rhabdomyosarcoma tumor subtype and patient outcome, and is enriched for p73 target genes involved in mesenchymal stem cell differentiation and tumorigenesis. Rh30 rhabdomyosarcoma cells were infected with lentivirus (either control or expressing one of two RNAi constructs targeting p73) for 3 d, and treated with vehicle or 40 nM rapamycin for 24 h, and then total RNA was harvested. Experiments were performed in duplicate for a total of 8 samples. For p73 RNAi, a different targeting construct was used for each replicate.
Project description:Expression analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae TAF5 and taf5 temperature conditional mutants grown at permissive and non-permissive temperature. Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in Saccharomyces cerevisae taf5-17, taf5-45, taf5-408 and taf5-10.4 mutants, compared to the wild-type strain. The mutations engineered into the strains confer temperature conditional growth. The mutants analyzed in this study are further described in Layer et. al., 2010. Direct Transactivator-Transcription Factor IID (TFIID) Contacts Drive Yeast Ribosomal Protein Gene Transcription. Journal of Biological Chemistry. A twenty chip study using total RNA recovered from four separate wild-type cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and four separate cultures for each of four taf5 temperature conditional mutants (16 mutant cultures). Each chip measures the expression level of 5,777 genes from Saccharomyces S288C with eight 60-mer probe pairs (PM/MM) per gene, with three-fold technical redundancy.
Project description:The intestinal immune system must elicit robust immunity against harmful pathogens but restrain immune responses directed against commensal microbes and dietary antigens. The mechanisms that maintain this dichotomy are poorly understood. Here we describe a population of CD11b+F4/80+CD11c– macrophages in the lamina propria (LP) that express several anti-inflammatory molecules including interleukin 10 (IL-10), but little or no pro-inflammatory cytokines, even upon stimulation with Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands. These macrophages induced, in a manner dependent on IL-10, retinoic acid and exogenous transforming growth factor-β, differentiation of FoxP3+ regulatory T cells. In contrast, LP CD11b+ dendritic cells elicited IL-17 production. This IL-17 production was suppressed by LP macrophages, indicating that a dynamic interplay between these subsets may influence the balance between immune activation and tolerance. Splenic or small intestine lamina propria CD11b+11c- cells were isolated for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to determine the unique genetic profile of small intestine lamina propria CD11b+11c- cells. Experiment Overall Design: 4 samples analyzed, 2 spleen and 2 intestine
Project description:The purpose of this study was to investigate whether expression of specific genes in peripheral blood can be used as surrogate marker(s) to detect and distinguish target organ-specific chemical toxicity in rats. Rats were intraperitoneally administered a single, acute dose of a well-established hepatotoxic (acetaminophen) or neurotoxic (methyl parathion) chemical. Administration of acetaminophen (AP) or methyl parathion (MP) in the rats resulted in hepatotoxicity as evidenced from elevated blood transaminase activities or neurotoxicity as evidenced from the inhibition of acetyl cholinesterase activity in the blood, respectively. Microarray analysis of the global gene expression profile of rat blood identified distinct gene expression markers capable of detecting and distinguishing hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity induced by AP and MP, respectively. Differential expressions of the marker genes specific for hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity were detectable in the blood much earlier than the appearance of the commonly used clinical markers, serum transaminases and acetyl cholinesterase. In summary, our results demonstrated that blood gene expression markers can detect and distinguish target organ toxicity non-invasively and with higher sensitivity than traditional surrogate markers. Keywords: blood, acetaminophen, methyl parathion, rat, hepatotoxicity, neurotoxicity 38 samples were analyzed in this experiment. 15 rats were intraperitoneally administered acetaminophen (AP), 15 rats were intraperitoneally administered methyl parathion (MP), and 8 rats were intraperitoneally administered vegetable oil. At time intervals of 4, 12, and 24 hours following administration of acetaminophen or methyl parathion, 4 rats per chemical were sacrificed and blood was collected. At the 168-hour time interval, 3 rats per chemical were sacrificed and blood was collected. The control animals were sacrificed at the 24-hour time interval. Therefore, there were four rats in each of the 4-, 12-, and 24-hour time points for each chemical and four control rats for each chemical. Similarly, there were three rats in the 168-hour time interval for each chemical. The groups for each chemical and time interval are labeled as follows: AP—control—4 rats: blood_AP_0_4, blood_AP_0_5, blood_AP_0_33, and blood_AP_0_34 AP—4-hours—4 rats: blood_AP_4_35, blood_AP_4_38, blood_AP_4_39, and blood_AP_4_40 AP—12-hours—4 rats: blood_AP_12_41, blood_AP_12_42, blood_AP_12_43, and blood_AP_12_45 AP—24-hours—4 rats: blood_AP_24_47, blood_AP_24_48, blood_AP_24_49, and blood_AP_24_51 AP—168-hours—3rats: blood_AP_168_53, blood_AP_168_54, and blood_AP_168_56 MP—control—4 rats: blood_MP_0_1, blood_MP_0_2, blood_MP_0_3, and blood_MP_0_ 31 MP—4-hours—4 rats: blood_MP_4_11, blood_MP_4_12, blood_MP_4_13, and blood_MP_4_22 MP—12-hours—4 rats: blood_MP_12_20, blood_MP_12_23, blood_MP_12_24, and blood_MP_12_25 MP—24-hours—4 rats: blood_MP_24_6, blood_MP_24_7, blood_MP_24_9, and blood_MP_24_21 MP—168-hours—3rats: blood_MP_168_26, blood_MP_168_27, and blood_MP_168_29
Project description:Dendritic cells (DCs) initiate immune responses in barrier tissues including lung and skin. Conventional DC (cDC) subsets, CD11b(-) (cDC1s) or CD11b(+) (cDC2s), arise via distinct networks of transcription factors involving IFN regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) and IRF8, and are specialized for unique functional responses. Using mice in which a conditional Irf4 or Irf8 allele is deleted in CD11c(+) cells, we determined whether IRF4 or IRF8 deficiency beginning in CD11c(+) cDC precursors (pre-cDCs) changed the homeostasis of mature DCs or pre-DCs in the lung, dermis, and spleen. CD11c-cre-Irf4(-/-) mice selectively lacked a lung-resident CD11c(hi)CD11b(+)SIRP?(+)CD24(+) DC subset, but not other lung CD11b(+) DCs or alveolar macrophages. Numbers of CD11b(+)CD4(+) splenic DCs, but not CD11b(+) dermal DCs, were reduced, indicating cDC2s in the lung and dermis develop via different pathways. Irf4 deficiency did not alter numbers of cDC1s. CD11c-cre-Irf8(-/-) mice lacked lung-resident CD103(+) DCs and splenic CD8?(+) DCs, yet harbored increased IRF4-dependent DCs. This correlated with a reduced number of Irf8(-/-) pre-cDCs, which contained elevated IRF4, suggesting that Irf8 deficiency diverts pre-cDC fate. Analyses of Irf4 and Irf8 haploinsufficient mice showed that, although one Irf4 allele was sufficient for lung cDC2 development, two functional Irf8 alleles were required for differentiation of lung cDC1s. Thus, IRF8 and IRF4 act in pre-cDCs to direct the terminal differentiation of cDC1 and cDC2 subsets in the lung and spleen. These data suggest that variation in IRF4 or IRF8 levels resulting from genetic polymorphisms or environmental cues will govern tissue DC numbers and, therefore, regulate the magnitude of DC functional responses.