Murine postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) neural stem cells (NSCs): Wild-type (WT) vs. Dnmt3a-null (KO)
ABSTRACT: Transcriptional profiling of mouse postnatal SVZ NSCs comparing WT NSCs with KO NSCs under proliferating/undifferentiated states as well as differentiating conditions. Goal was to determine Dnmt3a-dependent gene expression changes in postnatal SVZ NSCs Two-condition experiment with a dye-swap design, WT NSCs vs. KO NSCs. Biological replicates: 4 replicates under proliferating/undifferentiation conditions, 2 replicates under differentiating conditions.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE22473: Murine postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) neural stem cells (NSCs): Wild-type (WT) vs. Dnmt3a-null (KO) GSE22474: Genome-wide location analysis of Dnmt3a-mediated epigenetic regulation in murine postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) neural stem cells (NSCs) [Agilent] GSE22475: Genome-wide location analysis of Dnmt3a-mediated epigenetic regulation in murine postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) neural stem cells (NSCs) [NimbleGen] Refer to individual Series
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of mouse postnatal SVZ NSCs comparing WT NSCs with KO NSCs under proliferating/undifferentiated states as well as differentiating conditions. Goal was to determine Dnmt3a-dependent gene expression changes in postnatal SVZ NSCs Overall design: Two-condition experiment with a dye-swap design, WT NSCs vs. KO NSCs. Biological replicates: 4 replicates under proliferating/undifferentiation conditions, 2 replicates under differentiating conditions.
Project description:DNA methylation at proximal promoters facilitates lineage restriction by silencing cell-type specific genes. However, euchromatic DNA methylation frequently occurs in regions outside promoters. The functions of such non-proximal promoter DNA methylation are unclear. Here we show that the de novo DNA methyltransferase Dnmt3a is expressed in postnatal neural stem cells (NSCs) and is required for neurogenesis. Genome-wide analysis of postnatal NSCs indicates that Dnmt3a occupies and methylates intergenic regions and gene bodies flanking proximal promoters of a large cohort of transcriptionally permissive genes, many of which encode regulators of neurogenesis. Surprisingly, Dnmt3a-dependent non-proximal promoter methylation promotes expression of these neurogenic genes by functionally antagonizing Polycomb repression. Thus, non-promoter DNA methylation by Dnmt3a may be utilized for maintaining active chromatin states of genes critical for development. Chromatin extracted from wild-type (WT) or Dnmt3a-null (KO) SVZ NSCs was immunoprecipitated with indicated antibodies and analyzed by NimbleGen 2.1M mouse whole genome tiling microarrays (a 4-array set covering the entired non-repetitive portion of mouse genome). Whole cell extract (WCE) was used as input controls for IP/WCe experiments. For IP/IP experiments, immunoprecipitated DNA from WT and KO NSCs was directly compared on the same microarrays. For identifying Dnmt3a-dependent DNA methylation at a genome-wide scale, a dye-swap design was employed for comparing DNA methylation levels between WT and KO SVZ NSCs.
Project description:In this study we sought to determine the effect of overexpressing the SUMOylation E2 conjugase Ubc9 on the response of murine Neural Stem Cells (NSCs) to oxygen-glucose-deprivation and restoration of oxygen/glucose (OGD/ROG). We established stably-expandable lines of NSCs from the subventricular zones (SVZ) of adult wild-type mice (WT NSCs) and Ubc9-overexpressing mice (Ubc9 NSCs) and profiled their transcriptional changes in response to OGD/ROG as well as in response to differentiation.
Project description:Spontaneous neural repair from endogenous neural stem cells (NSCs) occurs in response to central nervous system (CNS) injuries or diseases to only a limited extent from endogenous NSCs niches. Uncovering the mechanisms that control neural repair and can be further manipulated to promote towards oligodendrocyte progenitors cells (OPCs) and myelinating oligodendrocytes is a major objective. Our aim was to identify myelin specific transcriptional regulators amongst large transcriptional changes shortly after differentiation of neural stem cells from the subventricular zone (SVZ) of adult mice SVZ-NSCs from adult mice were differentiated for 12 and 24 h in absence of growth factor (bFGF, EGF) and subjected for gene array as compared with undifferentiated NSCs cultured in presence of growth factors (n=5 samples per condition).
Project description:Throughout postnatal life in mammals, neural stem cells (NSCs) are located in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricles. The greatest diversity of neuronal and glial lineages they generate occurs during early postnatal life in a region-specific manner. In order to evaluate potential heterogeneity in the NSC pool, we microdissected the dorsal and lateral SVZ at different postnatal ages and isolated NSCs and their immediate progeny based on their expression of Hes5-EGFP/Prominin1 and Ascl1-EGFP, respectively. Whole genome comparative transcriptome analysis revealed transcriptional regulators as major hallmarks that sustain postnatal SVZ regionalization. Manipulation of single genes encoding for locally enriched transcription factors influenced NSC specification indicating that the fate of regionalized postnatal SVZ NSCs can be readily modified . These findings reveal functional heterogeneity of NSCs in the postnatal SVZ and provide targets to recruit region-specific lineages in regenerative contexts. Microarrays of neural stem cells, early progenitors and the tissue from subregions of the subventricular zone were compiled to screen for the full extent of heterogeneity in this region during postnatal life. Spatially distinct regions of the developing forebrain subventricular zone (SVZ) aged at P4, P8 and P11 were microdissected in RNAse free/sterile conditions. Mice expressing Ascl1-EGFP in the SVZ were used to aid accurate microdissection of the dorsal and lateral wall of each of the studied time points as per our previous publications characterizing this method. As well as at the whole microdomain level, additionally, NSCs (Hes5-EGFP+/Prom1+) and early progenitors (Ascl1-EGFP+) from each microdomain were further isolated by FAC sorting methods. This was to provide a comprehensive gene expression analysis at the tissue level and at the cellular level. Generally, 1 litter was used to yield 1 'n' number of replicates. A total of 23 affymetrix analysis were performed.
Project description:Previous work had established that Ezh2-deleted neural stem cells (NSCs) from the postnatal mouse subventricular zone (SVZ) had a deficit in both proliferation and neuronal differentiation both in vivo and in vitro. Ezh2-deleted NSCs in an Ink4a/Arf-deleted background proliferated normally but still displayed a neurogenesis defect, suggesting that Ezh2 is necessary for the proper expression of genes responsible for neuronal differentiation. Our results identify genes that are differentially regulated between control and Ezh2-deleted SVZ NSCs during differentiation. Total RNA obtained from SVZ NSCs 0, 1, 2, 4, and 7 days after switching from proliferation to differentiation media.
Project description:Rosette neural stem cells (R-NSCs) represent early stage of neural development and possess full neural differentiation and regionalization capacities. R-NSCs are considered as stem cells of neural lineage and have important implications in study of neurogenesis and cell replacement therapy. However, the molecules regulating their functional properties remain largely unknown. Rhesus monkey is ideal model to study human neural degenerative diseases and plays intermediate translational roles as therapeutic strategies evolve from rodent systems to human clinical applications. In this study, we derived R-NSCs from rhesus monkey embryonic stem cells (rESCs) and systematically investigated the unique expressions of mRNAs, microRNAs, and signaling pathways by genome-wide comparison of the mRNA and microRNA profilings of ESCs, R-NSCs at early (R-NSCP1) and late passages (R-NSCP6) and neural progenitor cells (NPCs). Apart from the R-NSCP1 specific protein-coding genes and microRNAs, we identified several pathways including Hedgehog and Wnt highly activated in R-NSCP1. The possible regulatory interactions among the microRNAs, protein-coding genes and signaling pathways were proposed. Besides, many genes with alternative splicing switch were identified at R-NSCP1. These data provided valuable resource to understand the regulation of early neurogenesis and to better manipulate the R-NSCs for cell replacement therapy. mRNA and miRNA profiles for four stages in rhesus embryonic stem cell neural differentiation, eight samples in all
Project description:DNA methylation is known to regulate cell differentiation and neuronal function in vivo. Here we examined whether deficiency of a de novo DNA methyltransferase, Dnmt3a, affects in vitro differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) to neuronal and glial cell lineages. We found that Dnmt3a-/- neural stem cells (NSCs) derived from mESCs have globally reduced methylcytosine levels and precociously differentiates into astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, consistent with our previous findings in the more severely hypomethylated Dnmt1-/- NSCs. Moreover, Dnmt3a-/- NSC proliferation rate was significantly increased when compared to control. Thus, our work revealed a novel role for Dnmt3a in regulating both timing of neural cell differentiation and cell proliferation in NSCs. Dnmt3a KO vs. WT neural stem cells; 3 biological replicates of each.
Project description:We used microarrays to assess gene expression differences between proliferating adult NSCs/neural progenitors with and without active SIRT1. Adult NSCs/neural progenitors were isolated from 8 week old Sirt1lox/lox and NestinCre;Sirt1lox/lox mice (129SV strain), cultured for one passage in growth factors (EGF and bFGF) before isolation at early passage 2 for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. Gene expression data were adjusted for background and normalized using RMA.