Genomics

Dataset Information

96

Local DNA hypomethylation activates genes in rice endosperm


ABSTRACT: Cytosine methylation silences transposable elements in plants, vertebrates and fungi, but also regulates gene expression1. Plant methylation is catalyzed by three families of enzymes, each with a preferred sequence context: CG, CHG (H = A, C or T) and CHH, with CHH methylation targeted by the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway2. Arabidopsis thaliana endosperm, a placenta-like tissue that nourishes the embryo, is globally hypomethylated in the CG context while retaining high non-CG methylation3. Global methylation dynamics in seeds of cereal crops that provide the bulk of human nutrition remain unknown. Here we show that rice endosperm DNA is hypomethylated in all sequence contexts. Non-CG methylation is reduced evenly across the genome, while CG hypomethylation is localized. CHH methylation of small transposable elements is increased in embryos, suggesting that endosperm demethylation enhances transposon silencing. Genes preferentially expressed in endosperm, including those coding for major storage proteins and starch synthesizing enzymes, are frequently hypomethylated in endosperm, indicating that DNA methylation is a crucial regulator of rice endosperm biogenesis. Our data demonstrate that genome-wide reshaping of seed DNA methylation is conserved among angiosperms and has a profound effect on gene expression in cereal crops. Keywords: Epigenetics Examination of DNA methylation in rice

ORGANISM(S): Oryza sativa  

SUBMITTER: Daniel Zilberman  M Y Kim   Bradley Dotson   Assaf Zemach   Jessica A Rodrigues   Pedro Silva   Toshiro Nishimura   Matthew D Brook    

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-22591 | ArrayExpress| 2014-05-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP002780GSE22591PRJNA128383

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications

Local DNA hypomethylation activates genes in rice endosperm.

Zemach Assaf A   Kim M Yvonne MY   Silva Pedro P   Rodrigues Jessica A JA   Dotson Bradley B   Brooks Matthew D MD   Zilberman Daniel D  

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20101011 43


Cytosine methylation silences transposable elements in plants, vertebrates, and fungi but also regulates gene expression. Plant methylation is catalyzed by three families of enzymes, each with a preferred sequence context: CG, CHG (H = A, C, or T), and CHH, with CHH methylation targeted by the RNAi pathway. Arabidopsis thaliana endosperm, a placenta-like tissue that nourishes the embryo, is globally hypomethylated in the CG context while retaining high non-CG methylation. Global methylation dyna  ...[more]

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