Transcriptional analysis of signal transduction-related genes in experimental models of HER-2/neu-derived epithelial and mesenchymal tumors
ABSTRACT: Transcriptional expression of a restricted set of cancer signal transduction-related gesen were comparatively quantified in HER2/neu transgenic mammary tumors, mesenchymal and epithelial tumor cell lineages, both estabilished from HER-2/neu transgenic tumors, and syngeneic mesenchymal stem cells. In the study presented here, HER-2/neu transgenic mouse mammary tumors, previously described (Galie et al Carcinogenesis 2005 26(11):1868) mesenchymal (A17) and epithelial (BB1) cell lineages estabilished from murine HER-2/neu transgenic mammary tumors, and syngeneic mesenchymal stem cells, underwent transcriptional analysis using microarrays containing probes for 112 signal transduction-related genes and controls (GEArray Q Series Mouse Signal Transduction in Cancer Gene Array, MM-044, Superarray, Friederick, MD, USA).
Project description:Transcriptional expression of a restricted set of cancer signal transduction-related gesen were comparatively quantified in HER2/neu transgenic mammary tumors, mesenchymal and epithelial tumor cell lineages, both estabilished from HER-2/neu transgenic tumors, and syngeneic mesenchymal stem cells. Overall design: In the study presented here, HER-2/neu transgenic mouse mammary tumors, previously described (Galie et al Carcinogenesis 2005 26(11):1868) mesenchymal (A17) and epithelial (BB1) cell lineages estabilished from murine HER-2/neu transgenic mammary tumors, and syngeneic mesenchymal stem cells, underwent transcriptional analysis using microarrays containing probes for 112 signal transduction-related genes and controls (GEArray Q Series Mouse Signal Transduction in Cancer Gene Array, MM-044, Superarray, Friederick, MD, USA).
Project description:To identify early events of erbB2-induced mammary tumorigenesis, we compared datasets from 14 genechip experiments including MMTV-neu tumors, preneoplastic neu mammary gland (adjacent neu), and age-matched, wild-type control mammary glands
Project description:WAP-Cre:Ptenf/f:p53lox.stop.lox_R270H composite mice were generated by genetic crossing. In these mice, Pten is deleted and a R270H p53 mutation in the DNA binding domain is induced upon expression of Cre recombinase in pregnancy-identified alveolar progenitors. Tumors were characterized by histology, marker analysis, various bioinformatics methods, high-throughput (HTP) FDA-drug screen as well as orthotopic injection to quantify tumor initiating cells (TICs) and tail-vein injection to identify lung-metastasis. Expression data comparing 2 types of Pten-deficient tumors (spindle and poorly differentiated) with other modles of mouse mammary tumors 2 types of Pten deletion plus p53-R270H mutation tumors (spindle and poorly differentiated) was compared with MMTV-Neu, Spindle Pten-p53-deficient tumors, and wild-type mammary gland cells.
Project description:The goal of the study is to examine changes in tumor gene expression after imiquimod treatment. RNA was extracted from spontaneous tumors in control mice (n=4) and in imiquimod-treated mice (n=4). Gene expression was compared between the control group and the treated group. In the imiquimod treatment group, the mice received topical treatment of 5% imiquimod cream (Aldara) on shaved skin at the site of spontaneous tumors for one treatment cycle (3 consecutive days). RNA was extracted from 4 spontaneous tumors from neu-tg mice treated with topical imiquimod for 1 cycle and 4 spontaneous tumors from control mice
Project description:Gene expression profiling of samples from normal virgin mammary glands, hyperplastic mammary glands, mamary tumors, and lung metastases from MMTV-Wnt-1 transgenic (TG) mice, and mammary tumors and lung metastases from MMTV-Neu trangenic (TG) mice Keywords: Array analysis, multi-step tumorigenesis, metastasis, MMTV-Wnt-1 trangenic mice, MMTV-Neu transgenic mice Overall design: 1. We compared expression prifiles among 5 normal virgin mammary glands, 7 hyperplastic mammary glands and 23 mammary tumors from MMTV-Wnt-1 transgenic mice, and 12 mammary tumors from MMTV-Neu transgenic mice. 2. We compared expression profiles between 23 mammary tumors and 10 lung metastases from MMTV-Wnt-1 transgenic mice and 12 mammary tumors and 5 lung metastases from MMTV-Neu transgenic mice. The experiments for the above comparisons were performed in the same time frame using a single array print and the same batch of reference RNA.
Project description:The cancer stem cell model maintains that tumors are organized in a hierarchy driven by tumor initiating cells (TICs), and that patient survival inversely correlates with TIC gene expression. Here we generated a prognostic signature for HER2+ breast cancer from TICs purified from MMTV-Her2/Neu mammary tumors. TICs from this model, identified as Lin-:CD24+:JAG1- at a frequency of 2-5% by serial and single cell transplantation assays, showed elevated expression of proliferation genes and low expression of differentiation genes (compared to non-TIC fraction CD24- of the same tumor). We used microarrays to detect differentially expressed genes in the TIC fraction compared to the non-TIC fraction of the same tumor Cells from each primary tumor were separated by FACS into TIC and non-TIC fractions and total RNA was extracted and hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:To model the effect of Pten loss on breast cancer, we deleted Pten using a floxed allele and the deleter lines MMTV-Cre(NLST), which targets stem/bi-potent progenitor cells, and WAP-Cre, which targets CD24-positive, pregnancy-identified stem cells/alveolar progenitors. Mammary tumors were detected in WAP-Cre:Ptenf/f females with a latency of 15.2 months. By 18 months, nearly all mice had succumbed to cancer. MMTV-Cre:Ptenf/f mice developed mammary tumors after a longer latency of 26.4 months and reduced penetrance (70%) compared to WAP-Cre:Ptenf/f mice. Tumors from both models were heterogeneous, consisting primarily of differentiated adenocarcinoma (adenomyoepithelioma; ~70%) and adenosquamous carcinoma (20-25%). In addition, a small fraction of tumors was classified as acinar and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (4-7%) and adenosarcoma (3-4%). To test the consequences of combined Pten and p53 gene mutation on breast cancer, we deleted both genes via MMTV-Cre or WAP-Cre. Kaplan-Meier tumor free survival curves revealed that WAP-Cre:Ptenf/f:p53f/f and MMTV-Cre:Ptenf/f:p53f/f females developed tumors with reduced latency of 11.3 and 9.8 months, compared with 15.2, 26.4, and 16.9 months for single-mutant WAP-Cre:Ptenf/f, MMTV-Cre:Ptenf/f or MMTV-Cre:p53f/f mice, respectively. In contrast to the heterogeneity of Pten tumors and small percentage of adenosarcomas in these mice, ~70% of Pten:p53 lesions were histologically classified as adeno-sacrcomatoid-like or mesenchymal-like breast cancer, with the rest exhibiting mixed mesenchymal plus adenocarcinomas and differentiated adenocarcinomas. The adeno-sacrcomatoid-like tumors expressed the mesenchymal markers vimentin, K5, SMA, N-cadherin and desmin but not ER, as well as islands of luminal-like K18 expressing cells surrounded by a layer of K14-positive cells. We used microarrays to detect differentially expressed genes in the Pten:p53 double-knock-out vs Pten or p53 single deletions Total RNA was extracted from tumors developed by double Trizol method and hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:ErbB-2 overexpression and amplification occurs in 15 - 30% of human invasive breast carcinomas associated with poor clinical prognosis. Previously, we have demonstrated that four ErbB-2/Neu tyrosine-autophosphorylation sites within the cytoplasmic tail of the receptor recruit distinct adaptor proteins and are sufficient to mediate transforming signals in vitro. Two of these sites representing the Grb2 (Neu-YB) and Shc (Neu-YD) binding sites can induce mammary tumourigenesis and metastasis. Here we show that Neu-YC and Neu-YE transgenic mice develop metastatic mammary tumours. A detailed comparison of pathological and transcriptional profiles among all Neu mutant mouse models revealed that Neu-YC, -YD and -YE mammary tumours shared similar pathological and transcriptional features correlating with their capacity to signal through a common adaptor like Shc. In contrast, the Neu-YB mouse model displayed a unique pathology with a high metastatic potential that correlates with a distinct transcriptional profile. We identified genes specifically expressed in YB-induced mammary tumours, including CXCL12/SDF-1α that promotes malignant tumour progression. Furthermore, Neu-YB tumour epithelial cells showed abundant intracellular CXCL12/SDF-1α protein, which may reflect the more aggressive phenotype among all Neu mutant mouse models. These findings indicate that activation of distinct Neu-coupled signalling pathways has a deep impact on the biological behaviour of Neu-induced tumours. Experiment Overall Design: Total RNA was isolated from 10 individual flash frozen mammary tumour samples derived from our MMTV/neundl-NYPD, -YB, -YC, -YD, -YE and the parental MMTV/neu NDL2-5 strains. Two RNA pools, containing equal amount of total RNA from five individual tumours, were generated from each strain and functioned as a biological repeat. Five hundred nanograms of total RNA from each pool was subjected to one round of T7 linear amplification using the Amino Allyl MessageAmpTM aRNA Kit (Ambion, Austin, Texas). Ten micrograms of the resulting aRNA was labelled with Cy3 and Cy5 dyes. Each of the 12 Samples represents a dyeswap pair.
Project description:Many preclinical therapy studies have focused on a small number of well-described mouse allograft or human xenograft models that poorly represent the heterogeneity of human disease. Here we have assembled a panel of mouse mammary cell lines that metastasize in syngeneic mouse hosts and we have assessed gene expression programs in the untreated primary tumors with the goal of generating information that may be useful to the identification of biomarkers that predict response to therapeutic intervention. We used microarrays to assess global gene expression programs in primary tumors from 12 metastatic mouse mammary tumor models transplanted orthotopically into syngeneic, fully immunocompetent mouse hosts. The 12 tumor models used here are based on published cell lines that had been established from either spontaneous mammary tumors or from mammary tumors arising in genetically engineered mouse models. All cell lines were previously described to be metastatic. Cells were surgically implanted in the #4 mammary fat pads of syngeneic mice and primary tumors were harvested when they reached 0.5-1.0 cm diameter and snap-frozen for later RNA extraction. 4 independent tumors were collected for each of the 12 models.
Project description:To investigate the impact of combined Rb and p53 loss in mammary tumorigenesis, we used transgenic and viral approaches to delete Rb and p53 floxed alleles specifically in the mouse mammary epithelium. Although MMTV-Cre (NLST) targets stem/bi-potent progenitors in the mammary gland, a subset of MMTV-Cre:Rbf/f;p53f/f mice developed non-mammary tumors. Thus, freshly isolated primary mammary epithelial cells from these animals were transplanted into the mammary fat pads of immunodeficient mice and monitored for tumor formation. In addition, primary MECs were isolated from Cre-negative Rbf/f;p53f/f mice, infected with Ad-Cre followed by orthotopic transplantation. In all these cases, resulting tumors shared similar spindle-shape histology, expressed high levels of vimentin, a mesenchymal marker, but not E-cadherin, a luminal marker, and were classified as adeno-sacrcomatoid/spindle-cell/mesenchymal-like breast cancer. We used microarrays to detect differentially expressed genes in the Rb/p53 double-knock-out vs p53 single deletion or normal mammary tissue. Total RNA was extracted from tumors developed by double Trizol method and hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays