Dataset Information


Determining IRF4 target genes using RNA interference in ABC-DLBCL and MM

ABSTRACT: Interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) is a transcriptional regulator with critical roles in the normal development and malignant transformation of lymphocytes. Recently we have shown that plasma cell cancers (multiple myeloma, MM) are addicted to an aberrant gene expression program ochestrated by wild-type IRF4 for their survival. Here we show that an aggressive malignancy of mature B cells, the activated B cell for of Diffuse Large B Cell lymphoma (ABC-DLBC), also depends on IRF4 for survival. With genome-wide expression profiling and localization (ChIP-Seq) assays, we identified IRF4 target genes in ABC-DLBCL as members of diverse pathways related to B cell biology and malignant behavior, distinct from IRF4 targets in MM. For example, we find the gene encoding the NFkB signal transduction adapter protein CARD11 is a target of IRF4 activation, driving the critical NFkB pathway in ABC-DLBCL. Further, we find enrichment of DNA binding motifs for ETS-IRF factors in regions of IRF4 binding in ABC-DLBCL suggesting cooperative activity between IRF4 and an ETS family transcription factor. Through complementation assays we show that IRF4 and the critical ABC-DLBCL ETS factor SPIB interact with one another and are key to ABC-DLBCL survival. Together our data show that ABC-DLBCL is addicted to the interaction between IRF4 and SPIB, in part through a positive feedback loop invovling CARD11 and the activation of the NFkB pathway. These data suggest theraepeutic potential in targeting the IRF4:SPIB interface in ABC-DLBCL. Gene expression was analyzed using Agilent human 4X44K oligo gene expression arrays. Cell lines (HBL1, OCILY3, TMD8-ABC-DLBCL; KMS12-MM) were infected with control (shControl, Cy3) or shIRF4_3'UTR (Cy5) constructs, and changes in gene expression were monitored over time after induction of the shRNA with doxycyclin. For each of the three ABC-DLBCL cell line a four timepoint series (24, 48, 72, 96 hrs) of shRNA induction was analyzed, for a total of 12 arrays. In HBL-1 a second shRNA targeting the IRF4 cds (shIRF4_cds) was used in a similar time course of shRNA induction (4 arrays). For the KMS12 MM cell line a three point time course was analyzed using the shIRF4_3'UTR with one technical (using the same RNA sample) duplicate time point measurement (4 arrays). ChIP-Seq data not provided.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Louis M. Staudt  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-22901 | ArrayExpress | 2011-07-01



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