Expression data from MMP-8 wild type and KO mice with or without arthritis
ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which joint inflammation lead to progressive cartilage and bone destruction. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) implicated in homeostasis of extracellular matrix (ECM) play a central role in cartilage degradation. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of MMP-8 (collagenase-2) suppression in the K/BxN serum-transfer arthritis model. Three male mice of each following groups: MMP-8 wild type and arthritic mice, MMP-8 wild type without arthritis (wild type control), MMP-8 KO and arthritic mice and MMP-8 KO without arthritis (KO control) were selected for RNA extraction, from ankle joints, and hybridation on Affymetrix microarrays. Male mice were used because they showed a trend to higher arthritis severity compared to female mice. In arthritic mice, ankle joints were taken 7 days after arthritis induction.
Project description:Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which joint inflammation lead to progressive cartilage and bone destruction. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) implicated in homeostasis of extracellular matrix (ECM) play a central role in cartilage degradation. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of MMP-8 (collagenase-2) suppression in the K/BxN serum-transfer arthritis model. Overall design: Three male mice of each following groups: MMP-8 wild type and arthritic mice, MMP-8 wild type without arthritis (wild type control), MMP-8 KO and arthritic mice and MMP-8 KO without arthritis (KO control) were selected for RNA extraction, from ankle joints, and hybridation on Affymetrix microarrays. Male mice were used because they showed a trend to higher arthritis severity compared to female mice. In arthritic mice, ankle joints were taken 7 days after arthritis induction.
Project description:INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which joint inflammation leads to progressive cartilage and bone erosion. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) implicated in homeostasis of the extracellular matrix play a central role in cartilage degradation. However, the role of specific MMPs in arthritis pathogenesis is largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of Mmp-8 (collagenase-2) in an arthritis model. METHODS: Arthritis was induced in Mmp8-deficient and wildtype mice by K/BxN serum transfer. Arthritis severity was measured by a clinical index and ankle sections were scored for synovial inflammation, cartilage damage and bone erosion. cDNA microarray analysis, real-time PCR and western blot were performed to identify differential changes in gene expression between mice lacking Mmp8 and controls. RESULTS: Mmp8 deficiency increased the severity of arthritis, although the incidence of disease was similar in control and deficient mice. Increased clinical score was associated with exacerbated synovial inflammation and bone erosion. We also found that the absence of Mmp8 led to increased expression of IL-1?, pentraxin-3 (PTX3) and prokineticin receptor 2 (PROKR2) in arthritic mice joints. CONCLUSIONS: Lack of Mmp-8 is accompanied by exacerbated synovial inflammation and bone erosion in the K/BxN serum-transfer arthritis model, indicating that this Mmp has a protective role in arthritis.
Project description:The murine model of Lyme disease provides a unique opportunity to study the localized host response to similar stimulus, B. burgdorferi, in the joints of mice destined to develop severe arthritis (C3H) or mild disease (C57BL/6). Pathways associated with the response to infection and the development of Lyme arthritis were identified by global gene expression patterns using oligonucleotide microarrays. A robust induction of IFN responsive genes was observed in severely arthritic C3H mice at one week of infection, which was absent from mildly arthritic C57BL/6 mice. In contrast, infected C57BL/6 mice displayed a novel expression profile characterized by genes involved in epidermal differentiation and wound repair, which were decreased in the joints of C3H mice. These expression patterns were associated with disease state rather than inherent differences between C3H and C57BL/6 mice, as C57BL/6-IL10-/- mice infected with B. burgdorferi develop more severe arthritis that C57BL/6 mice and displayed an early gene expression profile similar to C3H mice. Gene expression profiles at two and four weeks post infection revealed a common response of all strains that was likely to be important for the host defense to B. burgdorferi and mediated by NF-kB-dependent signaling. The gene expression profiles identified in this study add to the current understanding of the host response to B. burgdorferi and identify two novel pathways that may be involved in regulating the severity of Lyme arthritis. Experiment Overall Design: Expression profiling of ankle tissues of C3H, C57BL/6, and C57BL/6-IL10-/- mice infected with B. burgdorfer (0, 1, 2, and 4 weeks post-infection)
Project description:Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease hallmarked by irreversible damage of cartilage and bone. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) involved in connective tissue remodeling play an important role in this process. Numerous MMPs have been examined in humans and animals, but their functions are still not fully understood. Therefore, we investigated the role of MMPs in the K/BxN serum-transfer model of RA with the broad-spectrum MMP inhibitor subantimicrobial dose doxycycline (SDD) using complex in vivo and in vitro methodolgy. Methods: Chronic arthritis was induced by repetitive i.p. injections of K/BxN serum in C57BL/6J mice. SDD was administered daily in acidified drinking water (0.5 mg/mL, 80 mg/kg) during the 30 days experimental period. Mechanonociceptive threshold of the paw was evaluated by aesthesiometry, grasping ability by grid test, arthritis severity by scoring, neutrophil myeloperoxidase activity by luminescence, vascular hyperpermeability and MMP activity by fluorescence in vivo imaging and the latter also by gelatin zymography, bone structure by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Plasma concentrations of doxycycline were determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. Results: K/BxN serum induced significant inflammatory signs, mechanical hyperalgesia, joint function impairment, increased myeloperoxidase activity and vascular hyperpermeability. Significant increase of MMP activity was also observed both in vivo and ex vivo with elevation of the 57-60, 75, and 92 kDa gelatinolytic isoforms in the arthritic ankle joints, but neither MMP activity nor any above described functional parameters were influenced by SDD. Most importantly, SDD significantly reduced bone mineral density in the distal tibia and enhanced the Euler number in the ankle. Arthritis-induced microarchitectural alterations demonstrating increased irregularity and cancellous bone remodeling, such as increased Euler number was significantly elevated by SDD in both regions. Conclusion: We showed increase of various MMP activities in the joints by in vivo fluorescence imaging together with ex vivo zymography, and investigated their functional significance using the broad-spectrum MMP inhibitor SDD in the translational RA model. This is the first demonstration that SDD worsens arthritis-induced bone microarchitectural alterations, but it appears to be independent of MMP inhibition.
Project description:<h4>Objective</h4>The regulatory role of capsaicin-sensitive peptidergic sensory nerves has been shown in acute inflammation, but little is known about their involvement in T/B-cell driven autoimmune arthritis. This study integratively characterized the function of these nerve endings in the proteoglycan-induced chronic arthritis (PGIA), a translational model of rheumatoid arthritis.<h4>Methods</h4>Peptidergic afferents were defunctionalized by resiniferatoxin (RTX) pretreatment in BALB/c mice, PGIA was induced by repeated antigen challenges. Hind paw volume, arthritis severity, grasping ability and the mechanonociceptive threshold were monitored during the 17-week experiment. Myeloperoxidase activity, vascular leakage and bone turnover were evaluated by in vivo optical imaging. Bone morphology was assessed using micro-CT, the intertarsal small joints were processed for histopathological analysis.<h4>Results</h4>Following desensitization of the capsaicin-sensitive afferents, ankle edema, arthritis severity and mechanical hyperalgesia were markedly diminished. Myeloperoxidase activity was lower in the early, but increased in the late phase, whilst plasma leakage and bone turnover were not altered. Desensitized mice displayed similar bone spurs and erosions, but increased trabecular thickness of the tibia and bony ankylosis of the spine. Intertarsal cartilage thickness was not altered in the model, but desensitization increased this parameter in both the non-arthritic and arthritic groups.<h4>Conclusion</h4>This is the first integrative in vivo functional and morphological characterization of the PGIA mouse model, wherein peptidergic afferents have an important regulatory function. Their overall effect is proinflammatory by increasing acute inflammation, immune cell activity and pain. Meanwhile, their activation decreases spinal ankylosis, arthritis-induced altered trabecularity, and cartilage thickness in small joints.
Project description:Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the joints, leading to bone erosion and joint dysfunction. Despite the recent successes of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), there is still clinical need for understanding the development and molecular etiology of RA. Wnts are developmental morphogens whose roles in adult pathology are poorly characterized. Wnt5a is a member of the non-canonical family of Wnts that modulates a wide range of cell processes, including differentiation, migration, and inflammation. Wnt5a has been implicated as a possible contributor to arthritis and it is upregulated in synovial fibroblasts from RA patients.We investigated the role of endogenous Wnt5a in RA. Tamoxifen-inducible, Wnt5a knockout (Wnt5a cKO) mice and littermate controls were monitored for arthritis development and joint pathology using the K/BxN serum transfer-induced arthritis (STIA) model. To explore a role of Wnt5a in osteoclast fusion, bone marrow-derived monocytes (BMDMs) were differentiated in vitro.Wnt5a cKO mice were resistant to arthritis development compared to control littermates as assessed by ankle thickness and histologic measurements. Some parameters of inflammation were reduced in the Wnt5a cKO mice, including the extent of polymononuclear cell infiltration and extra-articular inflammation. Wnt5a cKO mice also exhibited less cartilage destruction and a reduction in osteoclast activity with concomitant reduction in tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), cathepsin K (CTSK), macrophage colony-stimulating factor (MCSF), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)2 and MMP9 in the arthritic joints. Treatment of BMDMs with Wnt5a enhanced osteoclast fusion and increased the expression of dendrocyte-expressed seven transmembrane protein (DCSTAMP) and MMP9, that are necessary for osteoclast formation and activity.These data suggest that Wnt5a modulates the development of arthritis by promoting inflammation and osteoclast fusion, and provide the first mouse genetic evidence of a role for endogenous Wnt5a in autoimmune disease.
Project description:The study analyzes analyzes gene expression changes in the ankle joint in mouse TNFa overexpression models with or without sphingosine kinase 1 activity. SphK1 is a sphingolipid enzyme that converts sphingosine to bioactive sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). Recent data suggest a potential relationship between SphK1 and TNFα and have implicated SphK1/S1P in the development and progression of inflammation. Here we further study the relationship of TNFα and SphK1 using an in vivo model. Transgenic hTNFα mice, which develop a spontaneous arthritis (limited to paws) at 20 weeks, were crossed with SphK1 activity null mice (SphK1-/-) to study the development of inflammatory arthritis in the functional absence of SphK1. Results show that hTNF/SphK1-/- have significantly less severity and progression of arthritis and bone erosions as measured through micro-CT images. Additionally, less COX-2 protein, mTNFα transcript levels and fewer Th 17 cells were detected in the joints of hTNF/SphK1-/- compared to hTNF/SphK1+/+ mice. Microarray analysis of the ankle joint showed that hTNF/SphK1-/- mice have increased transcript levels of IL-6 and SOCS3 compared to hTNF/SphK1+/+ mice. Finally, fewer mature osteoclasts were detected in the ankle joints of hTNF/SphK1-/- mice compared to hTNF/SphK1+/+ mice. These data show that SphK1 plays a role in hTNFα induced inflammatory arthritis, potentially through a novel pathway involving IL-6 and SOCS3. Two wild-type replicates; three replicates of human TNFa transgene overexpression and normal sphingosine kinase 1; three replicates of human TNFa transgene overexpression and sphingosine kinase 1 null.
Project description:In addition to activated T cells, the immune checkpoint inhibitor "V domain-containing Ig suppressor of T-cell activation" (VISTA) is expressed by myeloid cell types, including macrophages and neutrophils. The importance of VISTA expression by myeloid cells to antibody-induced arthritis and its potential for relevance in human disease was evaluated.VISTA was immunolocalized in normal and arthritic human synovial tissue sections and synovial tissue lysates were subjected to western blot analysis. The collagen antibody-induced arthritis model (CAIA) was performed with DBA/1 J mice treated with antibodies against VISTA and with VISTA-deficient mice (V-KO). Total mRNA from arthritic joints, spleens, and cultured macrophages was analyzed with NanoString arrays. Cytokines secreted by splenic inflammatory macrophages were determined. In-vitro chemotaxis and signal transduction assays were performed with cultured macrophages.VISTA protein was localized to synovial membrane cells, neutrophils, and scattered cells in lymphocyte-rich foci and was detected by western blot analysis in normal synovium and synovium from rheumatoid arthritis patients. Deficiency of VISTA or treatment of mice with anti-VISTA monoclonal antibodies attenuated CAIA. Joint damage and MMP-3 expression were significantly reduced in V-KO mice. Surface expression of C5a receptor was reduced on monocytes, neutrophils, and cultured macrophages from V-KO. Upon Fc receptor engagement in vitro, gene expression by V-KO macrophages was altered profoundly compared to WT, including a significant induction of IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL1rn).VISTA expression supports immune-complex inflammation in CAIA and VISTA is expressed in human synovium. VISTA supports optimal responses to C5a and modulates macrophage responses to immune complexes.
Project description:This study was undertaken to develop a novel anti-citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA) and to investigate its arthritogenicity in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. The novel ACPA, 12G1, was developed by injecting cyclic citrullinated antigen in mice and subsequently hybridizing the B cells producing citrullinated peptide-specific antibodies with a myeloma cell line. The arthritic joints of mice with CIA and collagen antibody-induced arthritis (CAIA) as well as interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) knockout (KO) mice were stained immunohistochemically using the 12G1 antibody. Confocal immunostaining was used to identify colocalization of 12G1 with various citrullinated proteins. 12G1 in the presence or absence of chelating beads was administered to CIA mice on days 21 and 28 after type II collagen (CII) immunization to investigate 12G1 arthritogenecity. 12G1 detected citrullinated proteins in the arthritic joints of all the experimental arthritis models used. Confocal immunostaining showed that 12G1 was colocalized with well-known citrullinated proteins, including vimentin, collagen, anti-immunoglobulin binding protein and fibronectin. Staining of citrullinated proteins using 12G1 was more diffuse in CIA mice compared with CAIA and IL-1Ra KO mice. 12G1 injection apparently acted as a booster of immunization in CIA mice in combination with a single CII immunization, with this effect being abolished when 12G1 was injected with chelating beads. The novel ACPA, 12G1, identified various citrullinated proteins in the arthritic joints of three experimental arthritis models. 12G1-treated mice developed arthritis following a single CII immunization, suggesting an arthritogenic potential for ACPA in CIA mice.
Project description:The temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which differs anatomically and biochemically from hyaline cartilage-covered joints, is an under-recognized joint in arthritic disease, even though TMJ damage can have deleterious effects on physical appearance, pain and function. Here, we analyzed the effect of IL-1?, a cytokine highly expressed in arthritic joints, on TMJ fibrocartilage-derived cells, and we investigated the modulatory effect of mechanical loading on IL-1?-induced expression of catabolic enzymes. TMJ cartilage degradation was analyzed in 8-11-week-old mice deficient for IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA-/-) and wild-type controls. Cells were isolated from the juvenile porcine condyle, fossa, and disc, grown in agarose gels, and subjected to IL-1? (0.1-10 ng/mL) for 6 or 24 h. Expression of catabolic enzymes (ADAMTS and MMPs) was quantified by RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry. Porcine condylar cells were stimulated with IL-1? for 12 h with IL-1?, followed by 8 h of 6% dynamic mechanical (tensile) strain, and gene expression of MMPs was quantified. Early signs of condylar cartilage damage were apparent in IL-1RA-/- mice. In porcine cells, IL-1? strongly increased expression of the aggrecanases ADAMTS4 and ADAMTS5 by fibrochondrocytes from the fossa (13-fold and 7-fold) and enhanced the number of MMP-13 protein-expressing condylar cells (8-fold). Mechanical loading significantly lowered (3-fold) IL-1?-induced MMP-13 gene expression by condylar fibrochondrocytes. IL-1? induces TMJ condylar cartilage damage, possibly by enhancing MMP-13 production. Mechanical loading reduces IL-1?-induced MMP-13 gene expression, suggesting that mechanical stimuli may prevent cartilage damage of the TMJ in arthritic patients.