Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

3

Evolutionary trends in the floral transcriptome: insights from one of the basalmost angiosperms, the water lily Nuphar advena (Nymphaeceae)


ABSTRACT: Current understanding of floral developmental genetics comes primarily from the core-eudicot model Arabidopsis thaliana. Here we explore the floral transcriptome of the basal angiosperm, Nuphar advena (water lily), for insights into the ancestral developmental program of flowers. Several thousand Nuphar genes with significantly up-regulated floral expression are identified, including homologs of the well-known ABCE floral regulators. However, strong similarities in the expression profiles of different organ categories contradict the organ-specific spatial expression domains predicted by the ABCE model. The broadly overlapping transcriptional programs observed among floral organs in Nuphar are shared with the magnoliid Persea americana (avocado), supporting the inference that this is the ancestral condition in angiosperms. Consequently, the predominantly organ-specific transcriptional programs that characterize Arabidopsis flowers (and perhaps other eudicots) are derived. The transcriptional landscapes in Arabidopsis correlate with a shift toward morphologically distinct floral organs, including differentiated sepals and petals, and a perianth distinct from stamens and carpels. In contrast to most eudicots, perianth organs are weakly differentiated in Nuphar and Persea, with staminodial intermediates between stamens and perianth in Nuphar, and between stamens and carpels in Persea. Our findings suggest that genetic regulation of more spatially discrete transcriptional programs underlies the evolution of floral morphology. Custom microarrays targeting 6,220 unique Nuphar floral transcripts were used to measure expression levels in eight tissues using an interwoven double-loop design for 16 arrays.

ORGANISM(S): Nuphar advena  

SUBMITTER: Andre S Chanderbali   Mi-Jeong Yoo  Pamela S Soltis  Douglas E Soltis  Andre Chanderbali  Naomi S Altman 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-23082 | ArrayExpress | 2011-07-19

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE23082PRJNA131697

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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