Gene expression profling of human breast carcinoma-associated fibroblasts treated with paclitaxol or doxorubicin at therapeutically relevant doses
ABSTRACT: Systemic chemotherapy inflicts cytotoxic injuries on breast carcinoma-associated fibroblasts. We profiled the transcriptomes of human breast carcinoma-associated fibroblasts before and after clinically relevant cytotoxic stimuli induced by chemotheraputic agents. Breast cancer associated fibroblasts (BCAFs) were isolated from the tumor specimen by mechanical dissociation and differential centrifugation. The cells at early passages were treated with paclitaxol or doxorubicin at clinically revealent concentration. Total RNA was extracted from the cells at different time points post-treatment for gene expression profiling.
Project description:Intrinsic subtyping of breast cancer was performed using an nCounter RUO-PAM50 gene expression assay to determine the ability of instrinsic subtyping to predict what patients may benefit from altered chemotherapy scheduling in the CALGB 9741 clinical trial population. FFPE primary breast tumor samples archived at the CALGB Pathology Coordinating Office (PCO) were used to obtain total RNA for instrinsic subtyping using the nCounter Analysis System. Gene-expression profiles were generated for 1321 of 1471 patient samples (90%) suitable for inclusion in this study.
Project description:Systemic chemotherapy inflicts cytotoxic injuries on breast carcinoma-associated fibroblasts. We profiled the transcriptomes of human breast carcinoma-associated fibroblasts before and after clinically relevant cytotoxic stimuli induced by chemotheraputic agents. Overall design: Breast cancer associated fibroblasts (BCAFs) were isolated from the tumor specimen by mechanical dissociation and differential centrifugation. The cells at early passages were treated with paclitaxol or doxorubicin at clinically revealent concentration. Total RNA was extracted from the cells at different time points post-treatment for gene expression profiling.
Project description:Background Clinical practice demonstrates that anticancer drug effects may strongly vary between different patients. Individual responses to drug action are potentially responsible for adverse effects such as establishment of resistance. Consequently, the understanding of response mechanisms to drug actions is of great relevance. Proteome profiling is a powerful tool for the investigation of cellular responses to drugs. Methods Here, we have investigated the effects of curcumin, a natural remedy with known anti-cancer activities, on breast cancer cells MCF-7, ZR-75-1 and normal mammary fibroblasts as well as co-cultures thereof using proteome profiling. The mammary fibroblasts had been treated before with TGF-beta in order to induce a wound-healing signature known to be representative for the in vivo situation in breast tumors. Results While co-culture alone induced several proteins like ANXA1, S100A4 and SPARC similarly in both breast cancer cells, the majority of proteins regulated upon co-culture differed between MCF-7 and ZR-75-1. Curcumin significantly induced HMOX1 in all single cell models and co-cultures. However, otherwise the curcumin effects differed. In the MCF-7 co-culture, curcumin significantly downregulated RC3H1, a repressor of inflammatory signaling. In the ZR-75-1 co-culture, curcumin significantly downregulated PEG10, an anti-apoptotic protein, and induced RRAGA, a pro-apoptotic protein involved in TNF-alpha signaling. In this model, curcumin also induced AKR1C2, an important enzyme for progesterone metabolism. None of these specific curcumin effects were observed in single cell cultures. Conclusions The present data demonstrate that curcumin induces proteome alterations potentially accounting for its known antitumor effects in a strongly context-dependent fashion.
Project description:The role of p53 in assuring longevity through prevention of cancer is well established, but how it specifically regulates aging is still controversial. Our assumption is that distinct p53-pathways regulate tumor suppression and aging and that p66Shc is one of the master regulators of the p53 aging function. p66Shc longevity determinant protein acts as a downstream target of p53 and it is indispensable for the ability of activated p53 to induce elevation of intracellular oxidants and apoptosis. We used microarray to gain insight into the mechanism through which p66Shc could regulate p53 oxidative stress dependent activity. Total RNA was extracted from Primary murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) were isolated from 13.5-day-old embryos according to standard procedures from WT, p53KO and p66ShcKO mice. Treatment: Early passage (p.2) MEFs were washed twice with PBS1X solution, and then incubated in DMEM media containing 400 μM of H2O2 or 0.25μg/ml of Doxorubicin (SIGMA) at 37°C for four hours.
Project description:Acquired drug resistance represents a major challenge in chemo-therapy treatment for various types of cancers. We have found that the retinoid X receptor–selective agonist bexarotene (LGD1069, Targretin) was efficacious in treating chemo-resistant cancer cells. The goal of this microarray study was to understand the mechanism of bexarotene’s role in overcoming acquired drug resistance using human breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 as a model system and paclitaxel as model compound. After MDA-MB-231 cells were repeatedly treated with paclitaxel for 8 cycles with each cycle including a 3-day treatment with 30 nM paclitaxel and followed by a 7-day exposure to control medium, MDA cells resistant to paclitaxel were developed and their growth was no longer inhibited by paclitaxel treatment. Those MDA cells with acquired drug resistance, when treated with paclitaxel and bexarotene in combination, could regain their sensitivity and their growth were again inhibited. Therefore, RNA samples from parental MDA-MB-231 cells, paclitaxel-resistant MDA cells treated with vehicle, paclitaxel alone or in combination with bexarotene, were used for perform global gene expression profiling with Affymetrix HG-U133A gene chips. Keywords: Drug Treatment MDA-MB-231 cells were exposed to regimens on a 10-day cycle: a 3-day treatment with 30 nM paclitaxel and followed by a 7-day exposure to control medium. Paclitaxel resistant MDA-MB-231 cells (MDA-PR) were established within 8 cycles of such treatment (80 days). These MDA-PR cells were then treated with vehicle control, paclitaxel along, or the combination of 30 nM paclitaxel ( 3 days on and 7 days off) and 1 µM Targretin (10 days on) in a new 10-day cycle for 3 months. Thus, there are four treatment groups, parent MDA cells, MDA-PR, MDA-PR treated with paclitaxel, MDA-PR treated with paclitaxel and bexarotene, and each group had four biological replicates.
Project description:Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease for which prognosis and treatment strategies are largely governed by the receptor status (estrogen, progesterone and Her2-neu) of the tumor cells. Gene expression profiling of whole breast tumors further stratifies breast cancer into several molecular subtypes which also co-segregate with the receptor status of the tumor cells. We postulated that cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) within the tumor stroma may exhibit subtype specific gene expression profiles and thus contribute to the biology of the disease in a subtype specific manner. Several studies have reported gene expression profile differences between CAFs and normal breast fibroblasts but in none of these studies were the results stratified based on tumor subtypes. To address whether gene expression in breast cancer associated fibroblasts varies between breast cancer subtypes, we compared the gene expression profiles of early passage primary CAFs isolated from twenty human breast cancer samples representing three main subtypes; seven ER+, seven triple negative (TNBC) and six Her2+. We observed significant expression differences between CAFs derived from Her2+ breast cancer and CAFs from TNBC and ER+ cancers, particularly in pathways associated with cytoskeleton and integrin signaling. In the case of Her2+ breast cancer, the signaling pathways found to be selectively up regulated in CAFs may contribute to the more invasive properties and unfavorable prognosis of Her2+ breast cancer. These data demonstrate that in addition to the distinct molecular profiles that characterize the neoplastic cells, CAF gene expression is also differentially regulated in distinct subtypes of breast cancer. We isolated CAFs from twenty primary breast cancer samples representing three main subtypes (ER+ (n=7), TNBC (n=7), Her2+ (n=6)) and performed gene expression profile analyses on RNA isolated from these early passage CAFs. Those samples were done in two batches with 4 samples repeated in both batches. One TNBC sample was found to be an outlier and not used in the analysis.
Project description:Annexin 6 (ANXA6) is a calcium-binding, membrane-associated protein involved in membrane trafficking and cell signalling. Furthermore, ANXA6 has been recently associated to cancer progression and metastasis. The goal of the project was to assess the content of ANXA6 in EVs isolated from the plasma of 6 breast cancer patients undergoing anthracycline/taxane-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Project description:Molecular mechanisms of the cancer cells-carcinoma associated fibroblasts (CAF) interactions growing in vitro conditions as a co-culture. The five canine mammary cancer cell lines were cultured with CAF (isolated from canine mammary cancer) for 72hrs. Then, the cancer cells and CAFs were sorted and the gene expression analysis was conducted. The control for each co-cultured cell line was the same cell line growing as a single culture. Dye-swap experiment, each cell line growing in the co-culture conditions was compared to the same cell line growing as a single culture.
Project description:During cancer progression, carcinoma cells encounter a variety of cytotoxic stresses such as hypoxia, nutrient deprivation, and low pH as a result of inadequate vascularization. To maintain survival and growth in the face of these physiologic stressors, a set of adaptive response pathways are induced. One adaptive pathway well studied in other contexts is the unfolded protein response (UPR), of which XBP1 is an important component. We used microarrays to detect transcriptome profile changes after XBP1 knockdown in breast cancer cell lines, and identify genes and pathways regulated by XBP1, which could help elucidate how XBP1 mediates the adaptive response of breast cancer to cytotoxic stresses. We extracted RNA and hybridized it to Affymetrix microarrays in two breast cancer cell lines (T47D and MDA-MB-231) under treated (hypoxia and glucose deprivation) or untreated conditions with XBP1 knockdown or not.
Project description:To identify miRNA differentially expressed in CAFs vs matched NFs and analyze the heterogeneity of miRNA expression profiles in the two kinds of cells, we established primary cultures of CAFs and paired NFs from six resected breast tumor tissue without any radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment. Paired CAFs and NFs from six primary human breast carcinoma specimens were cultured,the third passage of primary cells was used in the experiments.