Dataset Information


Expression data from Aspergillus nidulans grown under hypoxic condition.

ABSTRACT: Hypoxia imposes a challenge upon most of the filamentous fungi that require oxygen for proliferation. Here, we used whole genome DNA microarrays to investigate global transcriptional changes in Aspergillus nidulans gene expression after exposure to hypoxia followed by normoxia. Aeration affected the expression of 2,864 genes (27% of the total number of genes in the fungus), of which 50% were either induced or repressed under hypoxic conditions. Up-regulated genes included those for glycolysis, ethanol production, the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, and for the γ-aminobutyrate (GABA) shunt that bypasses two steps of the TCA cycle. Ethanol and lactate production under hypoxic conditions indicated that glucose was fermented to these compounds via the glycolytic pathway. Since the GABA shunt bypasses the NADH-generating reaction of the TCA cycle catalyzed by oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, hypoxic A. nidulans cells eliminated excess NADH. Hypoxia down-regulated some genes involved in transcription initiation by RNA polymerase II, and lowered the cellular mRNA content. These functions were resumed by reoxygenation, indicating that A. nidulans controls global transcription to adapt to a hypoxic environment. This study is the first to show that hypoxia elicits systematic transcriptional responses in A. nidulans. We transferred A. nidulans cells from normoxic to hypoxic conditions for 6 h, and then back to normoxic conditions to examine the effect of hypoxia on gene expression. Total RNA was prepared for DNA microarray analysis from the cells after 3 and 6 h of exposure to hypoxia, followed by 3 and 6 h of reoxygenation.

ORGANISM(S): Aspergillus nidulans  

SUBMITTER: Yasunobu Terabayashi   Motoyuki Shimizu  Tatsuya Kitazume  Tatsuya Fujii  masuo shunsuke  Naoki Takaya 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-23605 | ArrayExpress | 2010-08-14



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