Tracking the molecular patterns of a common response across tissues in murine sepsis to refine treatment strategies
ABSTRACT: Transcriptional effects in liver, lung, spleen and blood samples from mice challenged to Sham and Sepsis by Peritoneal Contamination and Infection (PCI) were monitored after 6 and 24 hours 4 Tissues x 2 Time Resolved Treatment Groups x 4 Replicates, 4 Tissues x Sham Control x 3 Replicates
Project description:Transcriptional effects in liver, lung and blood samples from mice after intratracheal challenge with either Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19 (lobar-pneumonia) or serotype 2 (sepsis) were monitored after 6 and 24 hours and compared to sham (vehicle control). We gratefully acknowledge the BMBF grant within the “Promoting global research excellence in severe sepsis” (PROGRESS) study (01KI07111). Three tissues x two serotypes x two time resolved treatment groups x four replicates, three tissues x Sham Control x three replicates.
Project description:DNA methylation is the current strategy in the field of biomarker discovery due to its prognostic efficiency. Its role in prognosis and early diagnosis has been recognized in various types of cancer. Sepsis still remains one of the major causes of neonatal mortality due to the lack of sensitive diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. Delay in sepsis diagnosis leads to treatment difficulties and poor outcomes. In this study, we have done an epigenome wide search to identify potential markers for prognosis of neonatal sepsis which may improve the treatment strategies. Illumina 450K methylation microarray revealed that the genes involved in transendothelial leukocyte migration were differentially methylated in septic newborns compared to non-septic newborns, especially the Protocadherin Beta group. Genes like ITGB2-AS1, CCS were found to be differentially methylated significantly, which gives the hope of developing novel, potential epigenetic markers for neonatal sepsis. From this study, we conclude that DNA methylation might play crucial functions in the pathophysiology of neonatal sepsis which was obvious from the difference in methylation level among septic and non-septic babies. In future, the potentiality of these epigenetic biomarkers can be studied in large scale with appropriate techniques which will give further in depth knowledge in this context. DNA methylation analysis of three septic newborns and three non-septic newborns were performed with Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip. Peripheral venous blood sample was collected from the babies during the third day of birth while taking blood for routine investigations. Non-septic babies are babies admitted to NICU and sampled for other minor ailments. Genomic DNA was extracted using QIAmp DNA Blood Mini kit (Qiagen, Hilden, Germany) and bisulfite treated using EZ DNA methylation kit (Zymoresearch, USA).
Project description:Myocardial infarction (MI) often results in left ventricular (LV) remodeling followed by heart failure (HF). It is of great clinical importance to understand the molecular mechanisms that trigger transition from compensated LV injury to HF and to identify relevant diagnostic biomarkers. In this study, we performed transcriptional profiling of LVs in rats with a wide range of experimentally induced infarct sizes and of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in animals that developed HF. We used microarrays to investigate gene expression in the left ventricle (LV) accompanying myocardial infarction and concomitant heart failure (HF) in a well validated model of post-infarcted heart failure and to evaluate their reflection in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in male Wistar rats by ligation of the proximal left coronary artery. The sham-operated group (control group) was subjected to the same protocol, except that the suture was not tied around the proximal left coronary artery. Sham-operated rats (n=6) and rats with small (n=6), moderate (n=6), and large (n=5) MI size were included into the experiment two months after the operation. Then, left ventricules and blood samples were obtained for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. Microarrays were used to compare the LV and PBMCs transcriptomes of control and experimental animals. The development of heart failure was estimated by echocardiography and catheterization.
Project description:To investigate the effects of quality of fat in a high fat diet (HFD) over time on hepatic lipid storage and transcriptome in mice. In this dataset, we include the expression data obtained from dissected mouse liver after being fed with Control, HFD-EPA/DHA and HFD-corn oil diet for 8 and 12 weeks. In total, 24 samples were analyzed. Based on hierarchical clustering and scatter plots, one microarray from the HFD-corn oil group at 8 weeks was removed from subsequent analyses. The Piano package was used for Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) to identify the total number of genes regulated and the direction of regulation. Gene Ontology (GO) terms were annotated to each probe-set after performing GSEA. The reporter algorithm was used to analyse the functional enrichment level of individual GO term. Heatmaps were generated using the log10p-values to visualize enriched GO biological processes (BPs) terms.
Project description:The impact of PDF supplementation with alanyl-glutamine (AlaGln) on peritoneal immune-competence in 6 patients in an open-label, randomized, crossover pilot trial (EudraCT 2012-004004-36) was tested by relating functional test results to transcriptome changes (RNAseq and miRNA analysis) in PD effluent cells.
Project description:Explore DNA methylation in traumatic brain injury model of epilepsy and its relationship to gene expression. Examination of expression changes in stimulated rats compared to sham operated animals in traumatic brain injury model of epilepsy.
Project description:To analyze gene expression we isolated total mRNA from the core, periinfarct and contralateral cortex of 60 sprague-dawley rats after 24 hours or 3 days of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAo). Also ipsilateral and contralateral cortex was obtained from sham-operated and healthy animals. A total of 44 microarrays were performed with RNA pooled from 3 independent animals. For each experimental condition the total n number is of 12. Microarray analysis of different areas of the rat brain (core, periinfarct and contralateral cortex) after 24h and 3days of permanent ischemia
Project description:Total RNA was extracted from monocyte and macrophages isolated from the peritoneal cavity of un-inflamed mice or 4, 24, 48 an 72h after mice had been injected with 0.1 or 10mg zymosan
Project description:Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with an abrupt loss of kidney function that results in significant morbidity and mortality. Considerable effort has focused around the identification of diagnostic biomarkers and the analysis of molecular events. Most studies have adopted organ-wide approaches that do not fully capture the interplay among different cell types in the pathophysiology of AKI. To extend our understanding of molecular and cellular events in AKI, we developed a mouse line that enables the identification of translational profiles in specific cell types by CRE recombinase-dependent activation of an eGFP-tagged L10a ribosomal protein subunit, and consequently, translating ribosome affinity purification (TRAP) of mRNA populations. By utilizing cell-type specific CRE-driver lines, in this study we identify distinct cellular responses in an ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) model of AKI. Cell-specific translational expression profiles were uncovered 24 hours after IRI from four populations enriched for distinct anatomical and cellular subgroups: nephron, interstitial cell populations, vascular endothelium, and macrophages/monocytes by Affymetrix microarray. A construct containing the CAGGS promoter driving eGFP-L10a, with a loxP-site flanked triple SV40 polyA cassette between promoter and eGFP-L10a cassette was targeted into the ubiquitously active Rosa26 locus. The upstream polyA cassette is designed to block activity of the downstream eGFP-L10a cassette. CRE-dependent removal of this transcriptional block activates eGFP::L10a production within the CRE-producing cell, and all of its descendants. Mice carrying the conditional eGFP-L10a allele, referred to as L10a, were maintained in a homozygous state. L10a mice were crossed to four CRE strains to activate eGFP::L10a expression in four predominantly non-overlapping cellular compartments in the kidney. A Six2-Tet-GFP::CRE allele is active exclusively within nephron progenitors; consequently, historical labeling results in eGFP::L10a expression throughout the main body of the nephron. A Foxd1-GFP::CRE allele is active in the progenitors of many of the interstitial cell lineages including those generating mesangial and non-glomerular pericytes. In addition, Foxd1 is normally expressed in podocytes. Cdh5-CRE is reported to be active throughout the vascular endothelium, and finally, Lyz2-CRE specifically labels cells of the myeloid lineage, notably macrophages, monocytes and dendritic cells. Mice carrying any CRE allele and the L10a allele are designated generically CRE-L10a. six2-L10a, foxd1-L10a, cdh5-L10a and lyz2-L10a denote specifically mice that are compound heterozygotes for the indicated CRE driver and L10a. CRE-L10a, L10a heterozygous littermates without CRE allele, C57BL/6 wild type mice were subjected to renal bilateral warm ischemia 28 minutes followed by 24-hour reperfusion when the kidney TRAP RNA and total RNA were isolated and subjected to Affymetrix microarray. Biological triplicates for each CRE-L10a line underwent no Surgery; sham Surgery and IRI treatment.
Project description:Transcriptom analysis of microdissect adrenal medulla after 8 weeks of cardiac pressure overload caused by transverse aortic constriction. Comparative transcriptome analysis was determined using the GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA, USA). Six microarrays from microdissected adrenal medulla of mice were performed 8 weeks after transverse aortic constriction or sham operation.