High-throughput sequencing of WT and the yqhC mutant of Salmonella using Illumina Genome Analyzer II
ABSTRACT: Total RNA was isolated from WT and the mutant and the ribosomal RNA was removed using Ambion Kit. Construction of cDNA library, addition of adapters and sequence read were performed. 2 samples were used, WT Salmonella and its yqhC mutant
Project description:Collectively classified as white-rot fungi, certain basidiomycetes efficiently degrade the major structural polymers of wood cell walls. A small subset of these Agaricomycetes, exemplified by Phlebiopsis gigantea, is capable of colonizing freshly exposed conifer sapwood despite its high pitch content, which retards the establishment of other fungal species. The mechanism(s) by which P. gigantea tolerates and metabolizes resinous compounds have not been explored. Here, we report the annotated P. gigantea genome and compare profiles of its transcriptome and secretome when cultured on fresh-cut versus solvent-extracted loblolly pine. The P. gigantea genome contains a conventional repertoire of hydrolase genes involved in cellulose/hemicellulose degradation, whose patterns of expression were relatively unperturbed by the absence of extractives. The expression of genes typically ascribed to lignin degradation was also largely unaffected. In contrast, genes likely involved in the transformation and detoxification of pitch were highly induced in its presence. Their products included an ABC transporter, lipases, cytochrome P450s, glutathione S-transferase and aldehyde dehydrogenase. Other regulated genes of unknown function and several constitutively expressed genes are also likely involved in P. gigantea’s pitch metabolism. These results contribute to our fundamental understanding of conifer colonization and carbon cycling processes. Phlebiopsis gigantea was cultivated in media containing one of three carbon sources: freshly harvested loblolly pine (3 replicates), acetone extracted lobollly pine (3 replicates), or glucose (2 replicates). RNA was extracted and processed for Illumina sequencing as described below.
Project description:The biodegradation of lignocellulose requires the disruption of its lignin, which shields the metabolically assimilable polysaccharides in this recalcitrant natural composite. Although a variety of microorganisms can attack lignocellulose, white rot basidiomycetes are uniquely efficient at this process, cleaving the recalcitrant intermonomer linkages of lignin via extracellular oxidative mechanisms and mineralizing many of the resulting fragments to carbon dioxide via intracellular processes. Considerable progress has been made in understanding this process in the model white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium, which expresses important components of its ligninolytic system in response to nutrient limitation, as part of its secondary metabolism. Biochemical and genetic evidence point to an important role in P. chrysosporium for secreted lignin peroxidases (LiPs), manganese peroxidases (MnPs), and H2O2-producing oxidases, which are thought to work together to cleave lignin into low molecular weight fragments. However, many aspects of ligninolysis by P. chrysosporium remain poorly understood. Although a definitive picture of the entire ligninolytic system in P. chrysosporium is not yet attainable, transcriptome analyses of the fungus grown on wood can provide useful clues. With the advent of the initial genome assembly and annotations (v1.0 and v2.1), microarray-based transcriptome analysis allowed examination of transcript levels of P. chrysosporium genes when grown in ball-milled wood and in defined growth media. This approach provided useful insights but was limited to 10048 v2.1 targets and complicated by the unpredictable manner in which the fungus responds to unnatural carbon sources in submerged basal salts media. A complete, fully coordinated ligninolytic system is likely not expressed by P. chrysosporium on ball-milled wood, because a potential route for regulatory feedback has been eliminated: the cellulose and hemicellulose in this substrate is readily accessible to enzymes, and thus ligninolysis is not essential for growth. An alternative approach is to compare levels of gene expression just before and after the onset of secondary metabolism and extracellular substrate oxidation by P. chrysosporium as it utilizes solid wood as its carbon source. If this can be done, and decay of the substrate is also confirmed, then the genes undergoing marked changes in expression during the metabolic transition can be identified with greater confidence. Although not all such genes are expected to have roles in biodegradation, this strategy may identify interesting candidates for future investigation. Here we report RNAseq-based transcriptomes to characterize changes in gene expression that occur during the transition to ligninolytic metabolism. Phanerochaete chrysosporium was inoculated onto thin sections of wood. RNA was purified from colonized material after 40 and 96 hours. Single read 100 bp Illumina runs were performed.
Project description:We reported the transcriptional profiles of E.coli expressing antimicrobial peptide LL37 under stress response condition. 4 samples, two groups, one group is under aerobic condition, the other group is under anaerobic condition. One of samples is E.coli which expressed LL37 as induction in each group, another sample is E.coli with no LL37 expression in vivo as control in each group.
Project description:An integrated approach was used to identify genes associated with resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila, an important bacterial pathogen causing aeromoniasis in rohu Labeo rohita. DNA polymorphism and gene expression profiling in lines of L. rohita selected for resistance or susceptibility to challenge with A. hydrophila, and grown in a common environment, were studied using Illumina mRNA-seq of selectively pooled RNA samples. mRNA-seq of pooled samples from resistant and susceptible lines of rohu for expression characterisation and SNP detection
Project description:Gc, a Mountain pine beetle associated pathogen, can survive from highly abundant pine chemicals ( e.g terpenes) and use some unflavored compound’s as carbon source. using RNA_Seq, we analyzed the transcriptome of Gc when it grew on limonene, mannose oliver-oil, oleic acid as carbon source, as well as when it survived from high concentration of limonene or heptane. We profiled the expression of some interesting genes ( ABC transporters, P450s) potentially involved in the tree-pathogen interaction. An ABC-G group transporter gene (GcABC-G1) was one of the most highly induced genes and characterized as a mono-terpene specific efflux transporter with genetic and molecular tools. RNA- seq also indicated Gc utilize limonene and oleic acid through the same beta-oxidation pathway. However the degradation of limonene is more complex and multiple pathways contributed to the survival/utilization. mRNA was extracted from Gc mycelium under various conditions and cDNA libraries were generated for pair-end sequencing. The 70-100bp illumina sequence read was mapping to reference genome and RNA-Seq was carried out in CLC genomic work bench.
Project description:Liver stage of malaria parasite exports SLTRiP and PB268 to the cytosol of parasite infected host cell. To know the host genes perturbed by WT-PBANKA, SLTRiP-KO and PB268-KO parasite growth, we did transcriptomic sequencing of infected host cells. We did mRNA sequencing of four samples for comparative analysis of WT and PB-knockout parasites infected host cells at 22 hours of post sporozoites infection. mRNA profiles of Plasmodium PBANKA, PBSLTRiP-KO, PB268-KO parasite infected and uninfected HepG2 cells after 22hrs of sporozoites infections were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina GAIIx.
Project description:The objective of this study was to examine the effect of the presence of a single or multiple embryo(s) on the transcriptome of the bovine oviduct. In Experiment 1, cyclic (non-bred, n = 6) and pregnant (artificially inseminated, n = 11) heifers were slaughtered on Day 3 after estrus, and the ampulla and isthmic regions of the oviduct ipsilateral to the corpus luteum were separately flushed. Oviductal epithelial cells from the isthmus region, in which all oocytes/embryos were located, were snap-frozen for microarray analysis. In Experiment 2, heifers were divided into cyclic (non-bred, n = 6) or pregnant (multiple embryo transfer, n = 10) groups. In vitro-produced presumptive zygotes were transferred endoscopically to the ipsilateral oviduct on Day 1.5 post estrus (n = 50 zygotes per heifer). Heifers were slaughtered on Day 3 and oviductal isthmus epithelial cells were recovered for RNA sequencing. Microarray analysis in Experiment 1 failed to detect any difference in the transcriptome of the oviductal isthmus induced by the presence of a single embryo. In Experiment 2, following multiple embryo transfer, RNA sequencing revealed 278 differentially expressed genes of which 123 were up- and 155 were down-regulated in pregnant heifers. Most of the down-regulated genes were related to immune function. Transcriptional profiles of oviductal isthmus epithelial cells from cyclic and pregnant heifers were generated by sequencing of total RNA on the Illumina HiSeq 2500 platform
Project description:Goal of this study was to compare transcriptional changes in stimulated mast cells in the absence or presence of sialostatinL mRNA profiles of 4 weeks old mast cells (BMMC derived from C57BL/6 mice ) stimulated for 24h with ionomycin in absence or presence of tick derived sialostatinL were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HiSeq2000
Project description:We sequenced mRNA from head tissue of females and male of Drosophila melanogaster to identify genes differentially expressed between the sexes and sex-specific alternative splicing events. For data usage terms and conditions, please refer to http://www.genome.gov/27528022 and http://www.genome.gov/Pages/Research/ENCODE/ENCODEDataReleasePolicyFinal2008.pdf Comparison of expression profiles in female and male head tissue from D. melanogaster
Project description:Certain wood decay basidiomycetes, collectively referred to as brown-rot fungi rapidly depolymerize cellulose while leaving behind the bulk of cell wall lignin as a modified residue. The mechanism(s) employed are unclear, but considerable evidence implicates the involvement of diffusible oxidants, particularly hydroxyl radical. Toward a better understanding of this process, we have examined the transcriptome and secretome of Wolfiporia cocos when cultivated on media containing glucose, purified crystalline cellulose, aspen (Populus grandidentata) or lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) as sole carbon source. Compared to glucose, 39, 331 and 357 genes exhibited 4-fold increases in transcript levels in cellulose, aspen and lodgepole pine, respectively. Mass spectrometry identified peptides corresponding to 64 glycoside hydrolase (GH) proteins and, of these, 17 corresponded to transcripts upregulated on one or both woody substrates. Most of these genes were broadly categorized as hemicellulases or chitinases. Consistent with an important role for ·OH in cellulose depolymerization, high transcript levels and upregulation were observed for genes involved in iron homeostasis, iron reduction and extracellular peroxide generation. These patterns of regulation differ markedly from the closely related brown rot fungus, Postia placenta, and expand the number of enzymes potentially involved in the oxidative depolymerization of cellulose. Medium containing glucose, microcrystalline cellulose, ground aspen or ground lodgepole pine was inoculated with W. cocos. RNA was purified from cultures. Single read 100 bp Illumina runs were performed.