Transcriptomics

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MicroRNA analysis unravels the molecular basis of bleomycin induced lung fibrosis in mouse


ABSTRACT: The molecular mechanisms of lung injury and fibrosis are incompletely understood. microRNAs (miRNAs) are crucial biological regulators by suppression of their target genes and are involved in a variety of pathophysiologic processes. To gain insight into miRNAs in the regulation of lung fibrosis, total RNA was isolated from lung samples harvested at different days after bleomycin treatment, and miRNA array was performed thereafter. miRNAs expressed in lungs with bleomycin treatment at different time points were compared to miRNAs expressed in lungs without bleomycin treatment, resulting in 161 miRNAs differentially expressed. Furthermore, miRNA expression patterns regulated in initial and late periods after bleomycin were identified. Target genes were predicted in silico for differentially expressed miRNAs, including miR-7f, miR-7g, miR-196b, miR-16, miR-195, miR-25, miR-144, miR-351, miR-34a, miR-499, miR-704, miR-717, miR-10a, miR-211, miR-34a, miR-367 and miR-21, and then cross-referenced to molecular pathways including apoptosis, Wnt, Toll-like receptor, and TGF-β signaling, which are involved in different pathological phenotypes such as apoptosis, inflammation, and fibrosis. Our study demonstrated relative abundance of miRNA levels in bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. The miRNAs and their potential target genes identified herein contribute to the understanding of the complex transcriptional program of lung fibrosis. Under anesthesia, 2.5 U/kg bleomycin dissolved in sterile PBS was administered via trachea as previously described. Lung tissues were harvested at the time point of day 0, 3, 7, 14, and 21 post bleomycin challenges. 3 sample in specific time point, except for day 14 where nday14 = 2.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Rishu Guo   Ting Xie  Paul Noble  ting Xie  Ningshan Liu  Jiurong Liang  Dianhua Jiang 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-24323 | ArrayExpress | 2012-04-12

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE24323PRJNA132849

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Comprehensive microRNA analysis in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis identifies multiple sites of molecular regulation.

Xie Ting T   Liang Jiurong J   Guo Rishu R   Liu Ningshan N   Noble Paul W PW   Jiang Dianhua D  

Physiological genomics 20110125 9


The molecular mechanisms of lung injury and fibrosis are incompletely understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are crucial biological regulators that act by suppressing their target genes and are involved in a variety of pathophysiological processes. To gain insight into miRNAs in the regulation of lung fibrosis, total RNA was isolated from mouse lungs harvested at different days after bleomycin treatment, and miRNA array with 1,810 miRNA probes was performed thereafter. MiRNAs expressed in lungs with ble  ...[more]

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