ABSTRACT: Gene expression profiling of immortalized human mesenchymal stem cells with hTERT/E6/E7 transfected MSCs. hTERT may change gene expression in MSCs. Goal was to determine the gene expressions of immortalized MSCs. One-condition experment, gene expression of 3A6
Project description:Gene methylation profiling of immortalized human mesenchymal stem cells comparing HPV E6/E7-transfected MSCs cells with human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT)- and HPV E6/E7-transfected MSCs. hTERT may increase gene methylation in MSCs. Goal was to determine the effects of different transfected genes on global gene methylation in MSCs. Two-condition experiment, KP MSCs vs. 3A6 MSCs.
Project description:Gene expression profiling of immortalized human mesenchymal stem cells with hTERT/E6/E7 transfected MSCs. hTERT may change gene expression in MSCs. Goal was to determine the gene expressions of immortalized MSCs. Overall design: One-condition experment, gene expression of 3A6
Project description:Gene methylation profiling of immortalized human mesenchymal stem cells comparing HPV E6/E7-transfected MSCs cells with human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT)- and HPV E6/E7-transfected MSCs. hTERT may increase gene methylation in MSCs. Goal was to determine the effects of different transfected genes on global gene methylation in MSCs. Overall design: Two-condition experiment, KP MSCs vs. 3A6 MSCs.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of human mesenchymal stem cells comparing normoxic MSCs cells with hypoxic MSCs cells. Hypoxia may inhibit senescence of MSCs during expansion. Goal was to determine the effects of hypoxia on global MSCs gene expression. Two-condition experiment, Normoxic MSCs vs. Hypoxic MSCs.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of human mesenchymal stem cells comparing normoxic MSCs cells with hypoxic MSCs cells. Hypoxia may inhibit senescence of MSCs during expansion. Goal was to determine the effects of hypoxia on global MSCs gene expression. Overall design: Two-condition experiment, Normoxic MSCs vs. Hypoxic MSCs.
Project description:Bone disease is the leading cause of morbidity associated with multiple myeloma (MM). Lytic bone lesions have been detected in 90% of patients diagnosed with MM and present a great therapeutic challenge. After the removal of the tumor burden, the bone lesions persist and the bone remodeling homeostasis is not restored even in patients in clinical remission. To determine whether systemic factors generated by malignant MM cells can skew the osteoblast (OB) differentiation program of normal mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), we generated an immortalized bone marrow MSC line (hTERT-MSC). The hTERT-MSCs were exposed to plasma from healthy donors and patients with MM. Cells grown in media supplemented with plasma from MM patients failed to differentiate into OBs, while the hTERT-MSCs grown in the presence of normal human plasma generated OB clusters that mineralized calcium, expressed Runx2, and were positive for alkaline phosphatase, fibronectin, collagen I, osteocalcin, and osteopontin. Blocking Dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) and interleukin-7 (IL-7) in MM plasma restored proper OB differentiation of hTERT-MSCs. Finally, we show that hTERT-MSCs cultured in the presence of MM plasma adopt a cancer-associated stroma phenotype. Thus, we show, that systemic factors present in the plasma of patients with MM affect the behavior of non-malignant MSCs and contribute to the sustained bone disease reported in MM.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The anterior-cruciate-ligament (ACL) contains mesenchymal stem cells (ACL-MSCs), suggesting the feasibility of regenerative treatments of this tissue. The immortalization of isolated cells results in cell-lines applicable to develop cell-based therapies. Immortal cell lines eliminate the need for frequent cell isolation from donor tissues. The objective of this study was to characterize cell lines that were generated from isolated ACL-MSCs using TERT gene transfer. METHODS:We isolated ACL-MSCs from human ACLs derived at the time of ACL reconstruction surgery or total knee arthroplasty. We generated cell lines and compared them to non-immortalized ACL-MSCs. We assessed the cellular morphology and we detected surface antigen expression. The resistance to senescence was inferred using the beta galactosidase activity. Histology, immunohistochemistry, and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to evaluate the multilineage differentiation capacity. RESULTS:The morphology of hTERT-ACL-MSCs was similar to ACL up to the last assessment at passage eight. We detected a strong surface expression of CD44, CD90, CD105, and STRO-1 in hTERT-ACL-MSCs. No substantial reduction in the ATP activity was observed in hTERT-ACL-MSCs. CONCLUSION:Cell lines generated from ACL-MSCs maintain their morphology, surface antigen expression profile, and proliferative capacity; while markers of senescence appear to be reduced. These cell-lines maintained their multilineage differentiation capacity. The demonstrated model systems can be used for further development of new cell-based regenerative approaches in anterior cruciate ligament research, which may lead to new therapeutic strategies in the future.
Project description:Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent one of the most promising stem cells for a number of degenerative conditions due to their multipotency, immunoprivileged properties, and easy expansion in vitro. However, the limited life span of primary MSCs during in vitro expansion greatly hampers their use in clinical applications and basic research. Immortalization of MSCs will overcome this problem and may provide a very useful tool with which to study MSC biology. Here we showed that silencing p53 expression with lentivirus-mediated small interfering RNA delayed the senescence by extended passage number, but was not sufficient to immortalize primary MSCs. However, combination of p53 knockdown and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) overexpression was sufficient to immortalize MSCs. The effects of p53 knockdown and hTERT overexpression on MSCs, including proliferation, colony formation, and differentiation, were determined. The resultant immortal MSCs displayed similar surface antigen profile to primary MSCs and retained MSC differentiation potential. Gene expression profile showed high similarity between immortalized MSCs and primary MSCs. In addition, immortalization-associated genes were also identified. Our data suggested immortalization of MSCs related to upregulation of cell cycle regulator and DNA repair genes enabling them to bypass cell crisis and complete mitosis. This study provides a new cellular model for basic studies of MSCs and understanding of the molecular basis of MSC immortalization.
Project description:Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high levels of blood glucose. Diabetic patients should normalize these levels in order to avoid short and long term clinical complications. Presently, blood glucose monitoring is dependent on frequent finger pricking and enzyme based systems that analyze the drawn blood. Continuous blood glucose monitors are already on market but suffer from technical problems, inaccuracy and short operation time. A novel approach for continuous glucose monitoring is the development of implantable cell-based biosensors that emit light signals corresponding to glucose concentrations. Such devices use genetically modified cells expressing chimeric genes with glucose binding properties. MSCs are good candidates as carrier cells, as they can be genetically engineered and expanded into large numbers. They also possess immunomodulatory properties that, by reducing local inflammation, may assist long operation time. Here, we generated a novel immortalized human MSC line co-expressing hTERT and a secreted glucose biosensor transgene using the Sleeping Beauty transposon technology. Genetically modified hMSCs retained their mesenchymal characteristics. Stable transgene expression was validated biochemically. Increased activity of hTERT was accompanied by elevated and constant level of stem cell pluripotency markers and subsequently, by MSC immortalization. Furthermore, these cells efficiently suppressed PBMC proliferation in MLR transwell assays, indicating that they possess immunomodulatory properties. Finally, biosensor protein produced by MSCs was used to quantify glucose in cell-free assays. Our results indicate that our immortalized MSCs are suitable for measuring glucose concentrations in a physiological range. Thus, they are appropriate for incorporation into a cell-based, immune-privileged, glucose-monitoring medical device.
Project description:Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) is a major etiological agent for porcine circovirus-associated diseases and causes enormous economic losses in domestic and overseas swine production. However, there are currently no suitable cell models to study the cytopathic effects (CPE) of PCV2 in vitro, which severely restricts the study of PCV2 pathogenesis. In the present study, we established an immortalized porcine oral mucosal epithelial cell line (hTERT-POMEC) by introducing the hTERT gene into primary porcine oral mucosal epithelial cells (POMECs) derived from a neonatal, unsuckled piglet. The hTERT-POMEC cells have a homogeneous cobblestone-like morphology and retain the basic physiological properties of primary POMECs. No chromosome abnormality and tumorigenicity transformation was observed in immortalized hTERT-POMECs. Viral infection assays demonstrated that PCV2 propagated and caused CPE in hTERT-POMECs. We conclude that the immortalized cell line hTERT-POMEC is a crucial tool for further research into the pathogenesis of PCV2.