Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

54

Recapitulation of human premature aging by using iPSCs from Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome


ABSTRACT: Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a rare and fatal human premature aging disease1-5, characterized by premature atherosclerosis and degeneration of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs)6-8. HGPS is caused by a single-point mutation in the LMNA gene, resulting in the generation of progerin, a truncated mutant of lamin A. Accumulation of progerin leads to various aging-associated nuclear defects including disorganization of nuclear lamina and loss of heterochromatin9-12. Here, we report the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from fibroblasts obtained from patients with HGPS. HGPS-iPSCs show absence of progerin, and more importantly, lack the nuclear envelope and epigenetic alterations normally associated with premature aging. Upon differentiation of HGPS-iPSCs, progerin and its associated aging consequences are restored. In particular, directed differentiation of HGPS-iPSCs to SMCs leads to the appearance of premature senescent SMC phenotypes associated with vascular aging. Additionally, our studies identify DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNAPKcs) as a component of the progerin-containing protein complex. The absence of nuclear DNAPKcs correlates with premature as well as physiological aging. Since progerin also accumulates during physiological aging6,12,13, our results provide an in vitro iPSC-based model with an acceleration progerin accumulation to study the pathogenesis of human premature and physiological vascular aging. Microarray gene expression profiling was done to: (1) Compare differences between WT fibroblasts and fibroblasts from patients suffering of the Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (2) Check that iPSC originating from WT and patients are in fact similar to ESC

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Ho-Lim Fung  Dinh Diep   Leo Kurian   Stephanie Boue   James Thompson   Athanasia D Panopoulos   Sheng-Lian Yang   Guang-Hui Liu   Christopher Walsh   Basam Barkho   Sergio Ruiz   Kun Zhang   John Yates III   Jing Qu   Juan-Carlos Izpisua-Belmonte    

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-24487 | ArrayExpress| 2014-05-02

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE24487PRJNA132521

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a rare and fatal human premature ageing disease, characterized by premature arteriosclerosis and degeneration of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). HGPS is caused by a single point mutation in the lamin A (LMNA) gene, resulting in the generation of progerin, a truncated splicing mutant of lamin A. Accumulation of progerin leads to various ageing-associated nuclear defects including disorganization of nuclear lamina and loss of heterochromatin. Her  ...[more]

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