MiRNA expression in primary human leukaemic B-cells from peripheral blood and after culture on stromal cells in the presence and absence of CD154 and IL-4
ABSTRACT: Dynamic miRNA expression data in 377 miRNA present on Taqman low density array (TLDA) Human MicroRNA Array (A) plates (Applied Biosystems, #4398965). Primary human leukaemic B-cells were cultured for 24 hours on a stromal cell layer or a stromal cell layer with CD154 and IL-4 in order to find out how miRNA expression compared to that of freshly isolated leukaemic cells.
Project description:miRNAs have been proven to be very useful biomarkers, readily detectable in body fluids, particularly urine may be a valuable source to identify changes in miRNA levels that contribute to better differentiate prostate cancer (PCa) from benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) cases. In order to characterize microRNA expression in urine samples from PCa, we analyzed expression of 376 microRNAs in 9 samples of PCa and 9 of BPH. The Normalized Ct values were compared between PCa and BPH. Statistical comparisons were made using Mann-Whitney U test, considering two different distributions. We found statiscally differences n expression for 21 miRNAs (Fold change >2 and P value<0.05). For the initial screening of all the studied samples, we selected only those with a concentration above 100 ng/ml, for a total of 9 samples of group of PCa and 9 BPH group. The isolated RNA was evaluated by measuring the absorbance at 260 nm and 280 nm. RNA aliquots from specimens were pooled and reverse transcription (RT) reaction was pweformed. In total, we formed 3 pools from BPH specimens and 3 from PCa ones. The RT product was used to perform a preamplification reaction. The product of preamplification teaction was loaded into the Taqman Homo sapiens microRNA Low density arrays (TLDA) panel A and amplification signal was detected using the 7900 FAST real time thermal cycler (ABI).
Project description:In vitro generation of mature neutrophils from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) requires hematopoietic progenitor development followed by myeloid differentiation. The purpose of our studies was to extensively characterize this process, focusing on the critical window of development between hemogenic endothelium, hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), and myeloid commitment, to identify associated regulators and markers that might enable the stem cell field to improve the efficiency and efficacy of iPSC hematopoiesis. We utilized a 4-stage differentiation protocol involving: embryoid body (EB) formation (Stage-1); EB culture with hematopoietic cytokines (Stage-2); HSPC expansion (Stage-3); and neutrophil maturation (Stage-4). CD34+CD45- putative hemogenic endothelial cells were observed in Stage-3 cultures, and expressed VEGFR-2/Flk-1/KDR and VE-cadherin endothelial markers, GATA-2, AML1/RUNX1, and SCL/TAL1 transcription factors, and endothelial/HSPC-associated microRNAs miR-24, miR-125a-3p, miR-126/126*, and miR-155. Upon further culture, CD34+CD45- cells generated CD34+CD45+ HSPCs that produced hematopoietic CFUs. Mid-Stage-3 CD34+CD45+ HSPCs exhibited increased expression of GATA-2, AML1/RUNX1, SCL/TAL1, C/EBPα, and PU.1 transcription factors, but exhibited decreased expression of HSPC-associated microRNAs, and failed to engraft in immune-deficient mice. Mid-stage-3 CD34-CD45+ cells maintained PU.1 expression and exhibited increased expression of hematopoiesis-associated miR-142-3p/5p and a trend towards increased miR-223 expression, indicating myeloid commitment. By late Stage-4, increased CD15, CD16b, and C/EBPε expression were observed, with 25-65% of cells exhibiting morphology and functions of mature neutrophils. These studies demonstrate that hematopoiesis and neutrophil differentiation from human iPSCs recapitulates many features of embryonic hematopoiesis and neutrophil production in marrow, but reveals unexpected molecular signatures that may serve as a guide for enhancing iPSC hematopoiesis. miRNA expression profiles were analyzed in iNC-01-3 and iNC-01-4 induced pluripotent stem cell lines at day 0 (undifferentiated iPSCs), day 18 of differentiation (embryoid bodies), and in 3 FACS-sorted cell populations at day 22 of differentiation (CD34+CD45- cells, CD34+CD45+ cells, and CD34-CD45+ cells). Comparative CT analysis was normalized to U6 snRNA and RNU48 control RNAs relative to expression in undifferentiated iPSCs. Data includes 2 files for each sample, one for the card A array and one for the card B array. This includes a total of 32 data files consisting of: 5 replicates for undifferentiated iPSCs (10 files), 2 replicates for EB (4 files), 3 replicates for CD34+CD45- (6 files), 3 replicates for CD34+CD45+ (6 files), and 3 replicates for CD34-CD45+ (6 files).
Project description:EAE is a mouse model of human multiple sclerosis. We used miRNA low density array to screen abnormally expressed miRNAs in autoimmune CD4+T cells.Generally, splenic CD4+T cells were isolated from three groups: healthy C57BL/6 mice, C57BL/6 mice with the induction of EAE for 16 days, and C57BL/6 mice with the induction of EAE for 32 days. Then we did miRNA profilings on these samples. Splenic CD4+T cells were isolated from the above three groups. Each group consist of six mice. Equal amount total RNA from each mouse was pooled prior to miRNA expression analysis.
Project description:By use of large-scale miRNA expression profiling we identified microRNAs with significantly different expressions in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-positive tumors and selected microRNAs for training phase of the study to evaluate their diagnostic and prognostic potential. Further, microRNAs were forwarded to validation phase, where all evaluated microRNA candidates were confirmed to be significantly deregulated in tumor tissue, some of them significantly differed in metastatic tumors, correlated with clinical stage, with Fuhrman grade and with overall survival.
Project description:Eosinophlic esophagitis (EoE) is increasely recognized as an antigen-drived disorder. The goal of this study is to reveal the miRNA expression changes in EoE before and after a successful glucocorticoid steroid treatment. Total RNA was extracted from the esophageal epithelial layers of 5 paired paraffin-embedded biopsies before and after treatment with glucocorticosteroids using RecoverAll Total Nucleic Acid Extraction Kit for FFPE tissues (Ambion, Austin, TX). Five nanograms of total RNA was reverse-transcribed using the Taqman MicroRNA Reverse Transcription Kit and the Megaplex RT primer Human Pool A (Applied Biosystems). The reverse-transcribed cDNA was then pre-amplified in 12 cycles of PCR using Taqman PreAmp Master Mix and the Megaplex PreAmp primers, Human Pool A (Applied Biosystems). The cDNA’s were then diluted and loaded on to a Taqman Human miRNA Array card A (Platform GPL9731 ; Applied Biosystems), which contains probes for 377 distinct miRNAs. The Array cards were run on an ABI HT7900 qPCR instrument. Ct values were obtained for all miRNAs represented on the cards and fold changes in expression were calculated using the delta delta Ct (ddCt) method.
Project description:Endogenous molecules generated upon pathogen invasion or tissue damage serve as danger signals that activate host defence, however their precise immunological role remains unclear. Tenascin-C is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein that is specifically induced upon injury and infection. We have shown that its expression is required to generate an effective immune response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) during experimental sepsis in vivo. Tenascin-C enables macrophage translation of pro-inflammatory cytokines upon LPS activation of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and suppresses the synthesis of anti-inflammatory cytokines. It mediates post-transcriptional control of a specific subset of inflammatory mediators via induction of the microRNA miR-155. Thus tenascin-C plays a key role in regulating the inflammatory axis during pathogenic activation of TLR signaling. The data deposited here include the analysis of miRNA profile of tnc+/+ and tnc-/- bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) following stimulation with LPS for 8 hours. Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were cultured in complete DMEM medium, non-stimulated or stimulated for 8 hours with 100ng/ml LPS and total RNA was extracted. Samples were analysed with TaqMan Low Density Arrays (Applied Biosystems).
Project description:Assessment of the extent to which the altered profiles of miRNA expression influence viral replication and latency, as well as the efficiency of host defenses, may be useful for understanding the basis of the HIV-1-related alterations in cellular physiology and immunologic control. To this end, three patient groups were enrolled. One group consisted of subjects who were classified as élite control long-term non-progressors (éLTNP). A second study group was HIV-1-positive subjects, who were antiretroviral therapy naive. A third group was multiply exposed to HIV-1, but uninfected (MEU). This study allowed us to investigate the existence of a CD4+T- lymphocytes miRNAs signature able to discriminate among different stages of HIV-1 infection, and to evaluate whether the exposure to HIV-1 antigen is sufficient to change the miRNA profile. MicroRNAs inhibit HIV-1 expression by either modulating host innate immunity or by directly interfering with viral mRNAs. We evaluated the expression of 377 miRNAs in CD4+ T cells from HIV-1 élite LTNP (éLTNP), naive and multiply exposed uninfected individuals (MEU) and we observed that the éLTNP patients clustered with naive, whereas all MEU subjects grouped together. The discriminatory power of miRNAs showed that 21 miRNAs significantly differentiated éLTNP from MEU and 23 miRNAs distinguished naive from MEU, while only 1 (miR-155) discriminated éLTNP from naive. We proposed that miRNA expression may discriminate between HIV-1 infected and exposed but negative individuals. Analysis of miRNAs expression after exposure of healthy CD4+T cells to gp120 in vitro confirmed our hypothesis that a miRNA profile could be the result not only of a productive infection, but also of the exposure to HIV-1 products that leave a signature in immune cells. The comparison of normalized Dicer and Drosha expression in ex vivo and in vitro conditions revealed that these enzymes did not affect the change of miRNA profiles, supporting the existence of a Dicer-independent biogenesis pathway. We have compared miRNA profiles of CD4+ T-lymphocytes from 18 HIV-1-exposed subjects with healthy CD4+ T-lymphocytes following exposure to gp120 using a RT-qPCR assay.
Project description:Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) could be a stress factor that affects microRNA regulation and function in macrophages. The production of microRNAs (miRNA) is influenced by various stimuli, including environmental stresses. We hypothesized that ROS-associated stress could regulate macrophage miRNA synthesis. p47phox-/- mice have deficient NADPH oxidase activity resulting in decreased ROS production. We cultured bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) from wild type (WT) and p47phox-/- mice and profiled miRNA expression using microarrays. The microarray data reveals that there are differences in the expression levels of different miRs, and our studies suggest functional crosstalk between ROS and miR-451 in the regulation of macrophage oxidant stress. Mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were obtained from WT (wild type) and p47phox-/- mice. MicroRNAs were isolated by using the mirVana miRNA kit, and a TaqMan rodent microRNA array (consisting of Megaplex RT Primers, Rodent Pool-A, Applied Biosystems) was used for microarray. The array enables quantitation of the expression levels of up to 380 microRNAs and controls. Rodent Pool A contains reverse transcription (RT) primers for 335 and 238 unique microRNAs for mouse and rat, respectively, plus 4 species-specific controls. The data were analyzed on RQ manager software (Qiagen, SA Biosciences) and normalized to the endogenous controls, and analyzed for fold change of miRs in WT compared to p47phox-/-.
Project description:Cancer staging and treatment frequently assume a binary division of tumors into localized or metastatic cancers. We proposed a state of metastatic disease defined by the number of metastases termed oligometastases. Patients with oligometastatic disease may be cured with localized methods of cancer treatment. We analyzed miRNA expression from paraffin blocks of primary or metastatic tumor samples derived from oligometastatic (? 5 metastases) patients treated with high dose localized radiotherapy. We report patterns of miRNA expression in the metastatic and primary tumor samples that identify patients who failed to progress to widespread polymetastases. We created a model of oligometastases of human tumors in immune compromised mice. The miRNA patterns of gene expression derived from patients accurately identified oligometastatic patterns in the mouse model as compared to animals that developed widespread metastases. MiRNA signatures may identify patients most likely to benefit from aggressive curative treatment of limited metastatic disease. Injection of MDA-MB-435-GFP cancer cells into the mammary fat pad of female athymic mice to develop spontaneous macroscopic lung metastasis. Tail vein experimental lung colonization assay was performed to model the development of MDA-MB-435-GFP Oligo- or Poly-metastases in the lung in vivo. Cell lines: Total RNA were derived from MDA-MB-435-L1-GFP (Ol-like) or MDA-MB-435-L1Mic (Poly-like) cell lines.
Project description:For the identification of differentially expressed miRNA relevant for ES pathogenesis and clinical behaviour miRNA expression profiling of 377 miRNAs for 40 fresh-frozen ES samples, including primary cases and metastases and cases with different translocation types and 6 ES cell lines and compared these to those of MSCs from 6 healthy donors as the potential cells of origin were generated