Comparison of CD4+ T cells from human fetal and adult donors
ABSTRACT: This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE25085: Comparison of gene expression profiles by CD3+CD4+ thymocytes derived from fetal and adult hematopoietic stem cells GSE25087: Human Fetal and Adult Peripheral Naïve CD4+ T cells and CD4+CD25+ Treg cells Refer to individual Series
Project description:Human fetal and adult hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) were obtained from fetal liver, fetal bone marrow (BM), and adult BM. These were injected into human fetal thymic implants in SCID-hu Thy/Liv mice (4-6 separate mice per HSC donor) and allowed to mature into single positive CD4+ (SP4) thymocytes over the course of 7-8 weeks. SP4 thymocytes from injected stem cells were subsequently sort-purified from thymic implants and gene expression was performed. HSC from fetal (age 18-22 gestational weeks) and adult (age: 19-43 year old) HLA-A2+ donors were obtained from different tissues. After injection into human fetal thymic implants (SCID-hu Thy/Liv HLA-A2-) the cells were allowed to mature into thymocytes and sorted on the basis of HLA-A2+ expression and CD3+CD4+ (SP4) expression. 3 separate thymic implants were analyzed for each group.
Project description:We compared differences in fetal and adult T cells by performing whole genome profiling on sort-purified T cells (naïve CD4+ and Treg cells) from human fetal specimens (18-22 gestational weeks) and adult specimens (age 25-40 years old). Fetal and Adult Naïve CD4+ T cells phenotype: CD3+CD4+CD45RA+CCR7+CD27+, Fetal and Adult CD4+CD25+ Treg phenotype: CD3+CD4+CD25bright Four different groups were analyzed: Fetal Naïve CD4+ T cells, Adult Naïve CD4+ T cells, Fetal Treg cells, Adult Treg cells. For each group three independent donors were analyzed.
Project description:Six patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis were challenged daily for 8 days with birch pollen extract. A mucosal biopsy was obtained from one nostril at basline (day 0) and from the other nostril after allergen challenge (day 9). The mucosal biopsies were digested into single cells, and then sorted into CD4 T cells and CD45+HLA-DR+ cells. Total RNA was extracted, amplified using whole transcriptome amplification, and gene expression was profiled on microarrays. The study design consisted of 6 subjects, 2 cell types (CD4 T cells, CD45+ HLA-DR+ cells), and 2 conditions (baseline, allergen challenge).
Project description:The transcription factor SOX17 is expressed by fetal, but not adult hematoipoietic stem cells (HSCs), and is required for the maintenance of fetal and neonatal, but not adult, HSCs. In the current study we show that ectopic expression of Sox17 in adult HSCs and transiently reconstituting multipotent progenitors was sufficient to confer increased self-renewal potential and the expression of fetal HSC genes including fetal HSC surface markers. To assess the mechanisms by which ectopic Sox17 expression in adult hematopoietic progenitors increased self-renewal potential and conferred fetal HSC properties, we compared the gene expression profiles of E16.5 fetal liver HSCs, young adult bone marrow HSCs, young adult bone marrow CD48+LSK cells, and Sox17-expressing CD48+LSK cells isolated from mice that had been transplanted with MSCV-Sox17-infected bone marrow cells 12 weeks earlier. Total RNA (~5ng) was isolated from 3 independent, freshly isolated aliquots of 10,000 E16.5 fetal liver HSCs, 10,000 fetal liver CD48+LSK cells, 10,000 adult bone marrow HSCs, 10,000 adult bone marrow CD48+LSK cells, 10,000 Sox17-expressing CD48+LSK cells isolated from primary recipients 12 weeks after transplantation of MSCV-Sox17-infected bone marrow cells. Purified RNA was reverse transcribed and amplified using the WT-Ovation™ Pico RNA Amplification system (NuGEN Technologies) following the manufacturer’s instructions. Sense strand cDNA was generated using WT-Ovation™ Exon Module (NuGEN), then fragmented and labeled using the FL-Ovation™ cDNA Biotin Module V2 (NuGEN). 2.5µg of labeled cDNA were hybridized to Affymetrix Mouse Gene ST 1.0 microarrays.
Project description:Mouse haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) undergo a post-natal transition in several properties, including a marked reduction in their self-renewal activity. We now show that the developmentally timed change in this key function of HSCs is associated with their decreased expression of Lin28b and an accompanying increase in their let-7 microRNA levels. Lentivirus(LV)-mediated overexpression of Lin28 in adult HSCs elevates their self-renewal activity in transplanted irradiated hosts, as does overexpression of Hmga2, a well-established let-7 target that is upregulated in fetal HSCs. Conversely, HSCs from fetal Hmga2-/- mice do not display the heightened self-renewal activity that is characteristic of wild-type fetal HSCs. Interestingly, overexpression of Hmga2 in adult HSCs does not mimic the ability of elevated Lin28 to activate a fetal lymphoid differentiation program. Thus Lin28b may act as a master regulator of developmentally timed changes in HSC programs with Hmga2 serving as its specific downstream modulator of HSC self-renewal potential. Lin-Sca1+cKit+ cells were isolated from E14.5 fetal livers (of wild-type of Hmga2-/- embryos) or the bone marrow of 8-12 week old mice by fluorescence activated cell sorting. The RNA was extracted and hybridized on Affymetrix mpuse gene 1.0 ST microarrays.
Project description:The transcription factor SOX17 is expressed by fetal, but not adult hematoipoietic stem cells (HSCs), and is required for the maintenance of fetal and neonatal, but not adult, HSCs. In the current study we show that ectopic expression of Sox17 in adult HSCs and transiently reconstituting multipotent progenitors was sufficient to confer increased self-renewal potential and the expression of fetal HSC genes including fetal HSC surface markers. To assess the acute effects of ectopic Sox17 expression on global gene expression in adult HSCs, we performed microarray analysis to compare the gene expression profile of adult Sox17-trangenic and control HSCs after short induction of Sox17-transgene expression. Total RNA were isolated from 5 independent, freshly isolated aliquots of 10,000 HSCs isolated from 8-week old Sox17-transgenic ((tetO)7CMVSox17-IRES-NucEGFP;B6.Cg-Gt(ROSA)26Sortm1(rtTA*M2)Jae/J double transgenic) or littermate control mice that were treated with doxycycline for 5 days to induce transgene expression. Purified RNA was reverse transcribed and amplified using the WT-Ovation™ Pico RNA Amplification system (NuGEN Technologies) following the manufacturer’s instructions. Sense strand cDNA was generated using WT-Ovation™ Exon Module (NuGEN), then fragmented and labeled using the FL-Ovation™ cDNA Biotin Module V2 (NuGEN). 2.5µg of labeled cDNA were hybridized to Affymetrix Mouse Gene ST 1.0 microarrays.
Project description:In blood, the transcription factor C/EBPa is essential for myeloid differentiation and has been implicated in regulating self-renewal of fetal liver hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). However, its function in adult HSCs is unknown. Here, using an inducible knockout model, we found that C/EBPa deficient adult HSCs underwent a pronounced expansion with enhanced proliferation, characteristics resembling fetal liver HSCs. Consistently, transcription profiling of C/EBPa deficient HSCs revealed a gene expression program similar to fetal liver HSCs. Moreover we observed that age-specific C/EBPa expression correlated with its inhibitory effect on the HSC cell cycle. Mechanistically, we identified N-Myc as a C/EBPa downstream target. C/EBPa upregulation during HSC transition from an active fetal state to a quiescent adult state was accompanied by down-regulation of N-Myc, and loss of C/EBPa resulted in de-repression of NMyc. Our data establish that C/EBPa acts as a molecular switch between fetal and adult states of HSC in part via transcriptional repression of the proto-oncogene N-Myc. HSCs of Pu.1 knock-in (PU.1ki/ki) mice were used for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We compared these microarray samples with the corresponding wild type.
Project description:Analysis of Foxp3(+)epigenetics(-) T cells, Foxp3(-)epigenetics(+) T cells, and Foxp3(+)epigenetics(+) T cells. Results indicate regulatory T cell (Treg) ontogenesis requires two independent processes, expression of the transcription factor Foxp3 and establishment of Treg epigenetic programs induced by T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation. GFP+CD4+ and GFP-CD4+ splenocytes were sorted from DEREG and DEREG/Scurfy mice. These cells were activated with anti-CD3/CD28 antibodies, and then transduced with Foxp3-expressing retrovirus (pGCSamIN, NGFR marker). NGFR+ T cells sorted were subjected to microarray analysis (Affymetrix, mouse genome 430 2.0 array). To normalize the experimental conditions, Tregs (GFP+ T cells from DEREG) and Tconv (GFP- T cells from DEREG) were also activated and transduced with empty vector. Two replicates each.
Project description:Astrocytes were purified from fetal and adult human brain tissue using an immunopanning method with the HepaCAM antibody. Samples were taken from otherwise 'healthy' pieces of tissue, unless otherwise specified. 6 fetal astrocyte samples, 12 adult astrocyte samples, 8 GBM or sclerotic hippocampal samples, 4 whole human cortex samples, 4 adult mouse astrocyte samples, and 11 human samples of other purified CNS cell types
Project description:Changes in Treg function are difficult to quantify due to the lack of Treg-exclusive markers in humans and the complexity of functional experiments. We sorted naive and memory human Tregs and conventional T cells, and identified genes that identify human Tregs regardless of their state of activation. We developed this Treg signature using Affymetrix human genome U133A 2.0 microarrays. To generate Tregs and Tconvs in multiple states of activation, naïve (CD4+CD25hiCD45RA+) and memory (CD4+CD25hiCD45RA-) Tregs, and naïve (CD4+CD25-CD45RA+) and memory (CD4+CD25-CD45RA-) Tconvs were sorted from blood of 7 healthy adults and RNA was isolated ex vivo or after stimulation for 40h, promoting activation-induced FOXP3 in Tconvs. The gene-expression profile of the eight cell subsets was analyzed. 7 adult healthy control samples were sorted into 4 subsets: naïve (CD4+CD25hiCD45RA+) and memory (CD4+CD25hiCD45RA-) Tregs, and naïve (CD4+CD25-CD45RA+) and memory (CD4+CD25-CD45RA-) Tconvs. These were used for RNA ex vivo and after 40h stimulation with anti-CD3/CD28 beads to induce an activation phenotype.