Cytoplasmic Accumulation of Incompletely Glycosylated Sex Hormone-binding Globulin (SHBG) Enhances Androgen Action in Proximal Convoluted Tubule Epithelial Cells
ABSTRACT: Identification of androgen-responsive genes that are influenced by the presence of a functional SHBG versus a steroid-binding-deficient SHBG mutant (SHBG S42L) in the cytoplasm of PCT cells. The hypothesis tested in the study was that SHBG enhances androgen action. Results provide important information that intracellular SHBG enhances androgen-dependent stimulation or repression in PCT cells. RNA was extracted for gene expression profiling from PCT cells expressing wild-type human SHBG or the human SHBG S42L mutant after treatment with testosterone or DHT, and hybridized to Illumina Mouse WG-6 v2.0 expression bead chips. Three replicates each.
Project description:Identification of androgen-responsive genes that are influenced by the presence of a functional SHBG versus a steroid-binding-deficient SHBG mutant (SHBG S42L) in the cytoplasm of PCT cells. The hypothesis tested in the study was that SHBG enhances androgen action. Results provide important information that intracellular SHBG enhances androgen-dependent stimulation or repression in PCT cells. Overall design: RNA was extracted for gene expression profiling from PCT cells expressing wild-type human SHBG or the human SHBG S42L mutant after treatment with testosterone or DHT, and hybridized to Illumina Mouse WG-6 v2.0 expression bead chips. Three replicates each.
Project description:This ArrayExpress record contains meta-data and results of quantitative analysis of cell lines from the NCI-60 panel using pressure cycling technology (PCT) and SWATH-mass spectrometry. Each cell line was analyzed in duplicate. Raw data files are available at the EMBL-EBI protemics data archive (PRIDE) at accession PXD003539 (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/pride/archive/projects/PXD003539). Since the record here does not include the raw data files and hence there is no need to explicitly link individual replicate to a raw file, each sample is only listed once in the ArrayExpress samples table for clarity.
Project description:DDA and SWATH analysis of human kidney tissues. Data set used for PCT-SWATH paper. PCT-SWATH provides the first method to generate a digital map representing the proteome of biopsy level clinical samples from which thousands of proteins can be accurately quantified with a high degree of reproducibility across sample sets.
Project description:Here we investigated the degradation of mRNA and protein in 68 pairs of adjacent prostate tissue samples using RNA-seq and pressure cycling technology (PCT) coupled with SWATH mass spectrometry and developed a score, the Proteome Integrity Number (PIN), to quantify the extent of protein degradation in the samples.
Project description:Androgens drive the onset and progression of prostate cancer (PCa) by modulating androgen receptor (AR) transcriptional activity. Although several microarray-based studies have identified androgen-regulated genes, here we identify in-parallel global androgen-dependent changes in both gene and alternative mRNA isoform expression by exon-level analyses of the LNCaP transcriptome. While genome-wide gene expression changes correlated well with previously-published studies, we additionally uncovered a subset of 226 novel androgen-regulated genes. Gene expression pathway analysis of this subset revealed gene clusters associated with, and including the tyrosine kinase LYN, as well as components of the mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway, which is commonly dysregulated in cancer. We also identified 1279 putative androgen-regulated alternative events, of which 325 (~25%) mapped to known alternative splicing events or alternative first/last exons. We selected 30 androgen-dependent alternative events for RT-PCR validation, including mRNAs derived from genes encoding tumour suppressors and cell cycle regulators. Of seven positively-validating events (~23%), five events involved transcripts derived from known AR gene targets. In particular, we found a novel androgen-dependent mRNA isoform derived from an alternative internal promoter within the TSC2 tumour suppressor gene, which is predicted to encode a protein lacking an interaction domain required for mTOR inhibition. We confirmed that expression of the alternative TSC2 mRNA isoform was directly regulated by androgens. Furthermore, by chromatin immunoprecipitation, we observed recruitment of AR to the alternative promoter region at early timepoints following androgen stimulation, which correlated with expression of alternative transcripts. Together, our data suggest that alternative mRNA isoform expression might mediate the cellular response to androgens, and may have roles in clinical PCa. Total 8 samples were analysed. 4 control (LNCaP cells grown in RPMI-1640 media with charcoal-stripped 10% FBS devoid of steroids) and 4 treatment (LNCaP cells grown in media devoid of steroid, and subsequently treated with 10nM R1881 synthetic androgen analogue for 24 hours).
Project description:LNCaP cells were cultures in steroid depleted medium for 5 days before treatment with synthetic androgen (R1881, 10nM) for 16h. Transcriptomics analysis was performed to compare gene expression changes induced by androgen withdrawal or androgen treatment. Genome-wide transcriptomic analysis of LNCaP cells grown in steroid depleted medium, normal (steroid-containing) medium and R1881 treated cells was performed using the Agilent platform
Project description:Castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is a lethal disease. Sustained aberrant activation of androgen receptor (AR) becomes a central mechanism that contributes to endocrine therapy resistance. Here, we demonstrate that AR-bound enhancer RNAs (AR-eRNAs), including eRNA of the KLK3 (or PSA) gene, are upregulated in human CRPC cells and patient tissues. By enhancing C-termine domain (CTD) serine-2 phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II (Pol II-Ser2p), PSA eRNA acts in cis to promote PSA mRNA transcription and in trans to induce mRNA expression of a large set of genes involved in androgen action, cell cycle progression and tumorgenesis. Accordingly, we demonstrate that PSA eRNA binds in vitro and in vivo to CYCLIN T1, a regulatory subunit of the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) complex that mediates Pol II-Ser2p. To identify the PSA eRNA’s functions on the Pol II-Ser2p and CYCLINT1 in the CRPC C4-2 cells, we detected the Pol II-Ser2p and CYCLINT1 ChIP-seq with or without PSA eRNA knockdown in the C4-2 cells. Moreover, to rule out the AR binding changes and identify the AR binding sites around the new genes, we detected the AR ChIP-seq in LNCaP and C4-2 cells with or without the androgen. Androgen receptor (AR) binding sites in human prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP and C4-2, were studied using ChIP-seq. Pol II Ser-2p and CYCLINT1 binding sites in human prostate cancer cell lines C4-2 with or without PSA eRNA knockdown, were studied using ChIP-seq. ChIP enriched and input DNA were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq 2000.
Project description:Androgen receptor (AR) plays an important regulatory role during prostate cancer development. AR’s transcriptional activity is regulated by androgenic ligands, but also by post-translational modifications. To study the role of the AR SUMOylation in genuine chromatin environment, we compared androgen-regulated gene expression and AR chromatin occupancy in PC-3 prostate cancer and HEK293 cell lines stably expressing wild-type (wt) or SUMOylation site-mutated AR (AR-K386R,K520R). Our genome-wide gene expression analyses reveal that the SUMOylation modulates the AR function in a target gene and pathway selective manner. The transcripts that are differentially regulated by androgen and SUMOylation are linked to cellular movement, cell death, cellular proliferation, cellular development and cell cycle. In line with these data, SUMOylation mutant AR cells proliferate faster and are more sensitive to apoptosis. Moreover, ChIP-seq analyses show that the SUMOylation modulates the chromatin occupancy of AR on many loci in a fashion that parallels with their differential androgen-regulated expression. De novo motif analyses show that other transcription factor-binding motifs are differentially enriched at the wtAR- and the AR-K386R,K520R-preferred genomic binding positions. Taken together, our data indicate that SUMOylation does not simply repress the AR activity, but it regulates AR’s interaction with the chromatin and the receptor’s target gene selection. Androgen receptor (AR) genomic binding was studied in wild-type AR (wtAR) or SUMOylation-deficient AR (AR-K2R) stably expressing cells HEK293 cells, in biological dublicates. Cells were treated 40 min either with 10 nM R1881 or EtOH (vehicle) and input was used as control (FRT_input GSM1176703).