Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

2

The roles of ppar-delta and ppar-gamma in regulating the metabolic switch between oxidation and storage of fats in white adipose tissue


ABSTRACT: Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of insulin resistance and type II diabetes. The nuclear receptors PPAR delta and PPAR gamma play a central role in regulating metabolism in adipose tissue, as well as being targets for the treatment of insulin resistance. The metabolic effects of PPAR delta and PPAR gamma activation have been examined both in vivo in white adipose tissue from ob/ob mice and in vitro in cultured 3T3-L1 adipocytes using a combined 1H NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry metabolomic methodology to understand the contrasting roles of these receptors. These steady state measurements were supplemented with 13C-stable isotope substrate labeling to assess fluxes, respirometry and transcriptomic microarray analysis. The metabolic effects of the two receptors were readily distinguished, with PPAR gamma activation characterised by increased fat storage and fat synthesis/elongation, while activation of PPAR delta caused increased fatty acid beta-oxidation, TCA cycle rate and oxidation of extracellular branch chain amino acids. Stimulated glycolysis and increased desaturation of fatty acids were the only common pathways. PPAR delta has a role as an anti-obesity target as well as an anti-diabetic. Total RNA obtained from cultured 3T3-L1 cells treated for 48 hours with either DMSO control, GW610742 PPARd agonist or GW347845 PPARg agonist and compared.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Julian L Griffin   Julian Griffin  Lee D Roberts  David Menassa  Tom Ashmore  Andrew J Murray  Andrew W Nicholls 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-26207 | ArrayExpress | 2011-07-13

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE26207PRJNA135035

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

Similar Datasets

2015-08-25 | E-GEOD-42781 | ExpressionAtlas
2013-10-22 | E-GEOD-42781 | ArrayExpress
2013-09-01 | E-GEOD-48668 | ArrayExpress
2014-06-18 | E-GEOD-58591 | ArrayExpress
2009-12-01 | E-GEOD-18241 | ArrayExpress
2010-12-31 | E-MEXP-2756 | ArrayExpress
2016-08-31 | E-MTAB-4300 | ArrayExpress
2009-01-29 | E-GEOD-14004 | ArrayExpress
2010-05-19 | E-GEOD-18240 | ArrayExpress
2011-07-18 | E-GEOD-30732 | ArrayExpress