Expression data from Pseudomonas putida KT2440: Fuelling the central metabolism with aromatic compounds
ABSTRACT: We used Progenika oligonucleotide arrays to monitore the gene expression of P. putida during carbon source stimulus experiments. After ensuring steady state conditions on benzoate, the stimuli were introduced by changing the carbon source from benzoate to glucose, from glucose to fructose and from fructose to benzoate, respectively. The single stimuli were monitored over a time period from 10 to 120 minutes after changing the carbon source by three representative timepoints. Moreover, the steady state conditions were compared among each other. Supplementary file: Individual normalized signal intensity VALUES for each channel of each array are provided in the FullNormalizedMatrix.txt file.
Project description:Bacillus subtilis strain AG174 was grown in the presence and absence of benzoate (30 mM). Benzoate was used in order to equalize the external and internal pH. The cultures were grown at external pH 7.0, and the addition of benzoate did not change the external pH. Microarray analysis was performed on cDNA synthesized from bacterial RNA. Real-time PCR of highly up-regulated genes confirmed the results of the microarray. These data were compared to previous B.subtilis microarray results, where genes regulated by external pH were identified. Overnight cultures were diluted 1:500 in potassium-modified Luria-Bertani medium (LBK) buffered with 50 mM MOPS at pH 7.0. Bacteria were cultured in baffled flasks (less than 10% volume) with rotation at 220 rpm, incubated at 37 °C to an optical density at 600 nm of 0.2. Four cultures were grown in the presence of 30 mM benzoate and four cultures were grown without benzoate. One sample was taken from each of four replicate cultures of 0 mM benzoate and 30 mM benzoate. RNA was isolated using 10% saturated phenol-ethanol solution and the RNeasy Kit. Gene expression profiles were obtained with standard Affymetrix procedures.
Project description:We used Progenika oligonucleotide arrays to monitor the gene expression after cold shock from 30°C to 10°C. The 10°C samples of the P. putida wild type were compared to those of the respective P. putida KT2440 Tn5 mutants affected in either cbrA (PP4695), cbrB (PP4696), pcnB (PP4697), vacB (PP4880) or bipA (PP5044). Cultures were grown in minimal medium supplemented with succinate at 30°C. In mid-exponential phase, cells were cooled down to 10°C. Two hours after the medium had reached 10°C, cells were harvested for subsequent RNA extraction.
Project description:In this study we exploited next-generation Illumina sequencing technology (Wang et al., 2009) to refine the current annotation of the KT2440 genome. Transcriptome sequencing data were queried for yet undescribed small RNAs and ORFs and employed to validate predicted operons and gene coordinates. Expression profiles were measured at 10°C and 30°C to cover the physiologic temperature profile of this mesophilic bacterium. Moreover we compared the sensitivity and specificity of transcriptome data by taking the same RNA preparations for cDNA sequencing and hybridization of Progenika and Affymetrix microarrays. This SuperSeries is composed of the SubSeries listed below. P. putida KT2440 (strain DSM6125) (Bagdasarian et al., 1981) was obtained from the German Resource Centre for Biological Material (DSMZ, (Braunschweig, Germany). Bacterial cultures were inoculated from a frozen stock culture of P. putida wild type, and incubated at 30°C for 8 hours at 250 rpm in LB medium. An aliquot of 0.2 mL was added to 20 mL M9 medium (Na2HPO4 33.9 g/L, KH2PO4 15.0 g/L, NaCl 2.5 g/L, NH4Cl 5.0 g/L, MgSO4 2 mM, CaCl2 0.1 mM, FeSO4 x 7 H2O 0.01 mM, pH 6.8) supplemented with 15 mM succinate as sole carbon source in a 100 mL flask and incubated overnight at 30°C. For RNA extraction, bacteria were grown in a 1.5 L batch culture (M9 + 15 mM succinate) using the BioFlo 110 Fermenter (New Brunswick Scientific Co., Edison, NJ) to ensure constant pH, aeration and agitation. When cultures reached mid-exponential phase (OD600 ~ 0.8) the temperature was decreased from 30°C to 10°C. Three samples, each for parallel RNA extraction, were subsequently taken immediately before temperature downshift (30°C) and two hours after the media had been cooled to 10°C. The gene expression profiles of P. putida KT2440 at 30°C and 10°C were analyzed using three different transcriptome platforms: RNA-Seq (Illumina cDNA sequencing), Affymetrix microarrays and Progenika oligonucleotide microarrays. For a detailed description of sample preparation (RNA, cDNA , labelling, hybridization etc.) refer to individual Series.
Project description:The goals of this study are to use SWATH-MS to detect bacterial proteomic profiles of wild-type E. coli K-12 LE392, P. putida KT2440, and their quantitative protein response under the exposure of antiepileptic drug carbamazepine. Three concentrations of carbamazepine were applied, which were 0.05 mg/L, 10.0 mg/L and 50.0 mg/L. The group without dosing carbamazepine was the control group. Each concentration was conducted in triplicate. By comparing the proteomic profiles of experimental groups and control group, the effects of carbamazepine on bacterial translational levels can be revealed.
Project description:Insight into the mechanisms for the anaerobic metabolism of aromatic compounds by the hyperthermophilic archaeon Ferroglobus placidus is expected to improve understanding of the degradation of aromatics in hot (> 80 °C) environments and to identify enzymes that might have biotechnological applications. Analysis of the F. placidus genome revealed genes predicted to encode enzymes homologous to those previously identified as playing a role in benzoate and phenol metabolism in mesophilic bacteria. Surprisingly, F. placidus lacks genes for an ATP-independent class II benzoyl-CoA reductase found in all strictly anaerobic bacteria, but instead has two sets of genes for ATP-consuming class I benzoyl-CoA reductases, similar to those found in facultative bacteria. The lower portion of the benzoate degradation pathway appears to be more similar to that found in the phototroph Rhodopseudomonas palustris, than the pathway reported for all heterotrophic anaerobic benzoate degraders. Many of the genes predicted to be involved in benzoate metabolism were found in one of two gene clusters. Genes for a phenol carboxylation proceeding through a phenylphosphate intermediate and for conversion of p-hydroxybenzoate to benzoyl-CoA were identified in a single gene cluster. Analysis of transcript abundance with a whole-genome microarray and quantitative PCR demonstrated that most of the genes predicted to be involved in benzoate or phenol metabolism had higher transcript abundance during growth on those substrates versus growth on acetate. These results suggest that the general strategies for benzoate and phenol metabolism may be highly conserved between microorganisms living in moderate and hot environments, and that anaerobic metabolism of aromatic compounds might be analyzed in a wide range of environments with similar molecular targets. A four chip study using total RNA recovered from two separate cultures of Ferroglobus placidus DSM 10642 grown with 1 mM sodium benzoate (experimental condition) and two separate cultures of Ferroglobus placidus DSM 10642 grown on 10 mM acetate (control condition). Each chip measures the expression level of 2613 genes from Ferroglobus placidus DSM 10642 with nine 45-60-mer probe pairs (PM/MM) per gene, with three-fold technical redundancy.
Project description:Anaerobic benzene oxidation coupled to the reduction of Fe(III) was studied in Ferroglobus placidus in order to learn more about how such a stable molecule could be metabolized under strict anaerobic conditions. F. placidus conserved energy to support growth at 85°C in a medium with benzene provided as the sole electron donor and Fe(III) as the sole electron acceptor. The stoichiometry of benzene loss and Fe(III) reduction, as well as the conversion of [14C]-benzene to [14C]-carbon dioxide, was consistent with complete oxidation of benzene to carbon dioxide with electron transfer to Fe(III). Benzoate, but not phenol or toluene, accumulated at low levels during benzene metabolism and [14C]-benzoate was produced from [14C]-benzene. Analysis of gene transcript levels revealed increased expression of genes encoding enzymes for anaerobic benzoate degradation during growth on benzene versus growth on acetate, but genes involved in phenol degradation were not up-regulated during growth on benzene. A gene for a putative carboxylase that was more highly expressed in benzene- versus benzoate-grown cells was identified. These results suggest that benzene is carboxylated to benzoate and that phenol is not an important intermediate in the benzene metabolism of F. placidus. This is the first demonstration of a microorganism in pure culture that can grow on benzene under strict anaerobic conditions and for which there is strong evidence for degradation of benzene via clearly defined anaerobic metabolic pathways. Thus, F. placidus provides a much needed pure culture model for further studies on the anaerobic activation of benzene in microorganisms. A five-chip study using total RNA recovered from three separate cultures of Ferroglobus placidus DSM 10642 grown with 0.5 mM phenol (experimental condition) and two separate cultures of Ferroglobus placidus DSM 10642 grown on 1 mM benzoate (control condition). Each chip measures the expression level of 2,613 genes from Ferroglobus placidus DSM 10642 with nine 45-60-mer probe pairs (PM/MM) per gene, with three-fold technical redundancy.
Project description:We investigated the changes of gene expression in PHA-producing Pseudomonas putida KT2440 cultivated under elevated pressure (7 bar) and under combined elevated pressure (7 bar) and elevated dissolved oxygen tension by means of DNA microarrays. RNA samples were isolated from cells cultivated in chemostat under very well defined growth conditions (growth rate, medium, temperature, pH,...)
Project description:Uterine tissue is highly responsive to estrogen, which plays a mayor role in sympathetic innervation remodeling in myometrium; Microarrays were used to investigate which estrogen resposive myometrial proteins can be involved in innervation modulation Experiment Overall Design: Mature female rats were ovariectomized, than treated with estradiol benzoate or vechicle, myometrial samples were analyzed 6 or 24 h after treatment
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE26421: Expression analysis of benzoate degradation in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Ferroglobus placidus GSE26423: Expression analysis of phenol degradation in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Ferroglobus placidus Refer to individual Series
Project description:Methyl ketone production by P. putida with A. thaliana and switchgrass hydrolysates obtained by dilute acid pretreatment led to the identification of plant-derived amino acids, rather than mono-aromatics, as key stimulative components of these hydrolysates. Shotgun proteomics indicated that the amino acids had a specific inductive effect on proteins involved in fatty acid biosynthesis, leading to a 9-fold increase in methyl ketone titer when amending glucose-containing minimal medium with a defined set of amino acids.