Comparison of pan-inhibitor of HDACS (TSA) to specific HDAC8 inhibitor (HDAC Inhibitor XIX, Compound 2) in human myometrium
ABSTRACT: To compare gene expression in human myometrium after TSA treatment to gene expression after treatment with a specific HDAC8 inhibitor Four Control, four TSA and four Compound 2 samples (2 patients, replicated) derived from non-pregnant myometrial strips
Project description:To compare gene expression in human myometrium after TSA treatment to gene expression after treatment with a specific HDAC8 inhibitor Overall design: Four Control, four TSA and four Compound 2 samples (2 patients, replicated) derived from non-pregnant myometrial strips
Project description:Context: Increased uterine stretch appears to increase the risk of preterm labour, but the mechanism is unknown. Objectives: To identify a targetable mechanism mediating the effect of stretch on human myometrium. Design: Myometrial explants, prepared from biopsies obtained at elective caesarean delivery, were either studied acutely, or were maintained in prolonged culture (up to 65 h) under tension with either a 0.6 g or 2.4 g mass, and compared using in vitro contractility, whole genome array, and qRT-PCR. Results: Increased stretch for 24 or 65 h increased potassium-induced and oxytocin-induced contractility. Gene array identified 62 differentially expressed transcripts after 65 h exposure to increased stretch. Two probes for gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), a known stimulatory agonist of smooth muscle, were among the top five up-regulated by stretch (3.4-fold and 2.0-fold). Up-regulation of GRP by stretch was confirmed in a separate series of 10 samples using qRT-PCR (2.8-fold, P = 0.01). GRP stimulated contractions acutely when added to freshly obtained myometrial strips in 3 out of 9 cases, but Western blot demonstrated expression of the GRP receptor in 9 out of 9 cases. Prolonged incubation of stretched explants in the GRP antagonists PD-176252 or RC-3095 (65 and 24 h respectively) significantly reduced potassium chloride and oxytocin-induced contractility. Conclusion: Stretch of human myometrium increases contractility and stimulates the expression of a known smooth muscle stimulatory agonist, GRP. Incubation of myometrium in GRP receptor antagonists ameliorates the effect of stretch. GRP may be a target for novel therapies to reduce the risk of preterm birth in multiple pregnancy. 9 paired samples of human myometrium cultured under low (0.6g) or high (2.4g) tension
Project description:The prognosis of advanced stage neuroblastoma patients remains poor and, despite intensive therapy, the 5-year survival rate remains less than 50%. We previously identified histone deacetylase (HDAC) 8 as an indicator of poor clinical outcome and a selective drug target for differentiation therapy in vitro and in vivo. Here we performed kinome-wide RNAi screening to identify genes that are synthetically lethal with HDAC8 inhibitors. These experiments identified the neuroblastoma predisposition gene ALK as a candidate gene. Accordingly, the combination of the ALK/MET inhibitor crizotinib and selective HDAC8 inhibitors (3-6μM PCI-34051 or 10μM 20a) efficiently killed neuroblastoma cell lines carrying wildtype ALK (SK-N-BE(2)-C, IMR5/75), amplified ALK (NB-1), and those carrying the activating ALK F1174L mutation (Kelly), and, in cells carrying the activating R1275Q mutation (LAN-5), combination treatment decreased viable cell count. The effective dose of crizotinib in neuroblastoma cell lines ranged from 0.05μM (ALK-amplified) to 0.8μM (wildtype ALK). The combinatorial inhibition of ALK and HDAC8 also decreased tumor growth in an in vivo zebrafish xenograft model. Bioinformatic analyses revealed that the mRNA expression level of HDAC8 was significantly correlated with that of ALK in two independent patient cohorts, the Academic Medical Center cohort (n=88) and the German Neuroblastoma Trial cohort (n=649), and co-expression of both target genes identified patients with very poor outcome. Mechanistically, HDAC8 and ALK converge at the level of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling and their downstream survival pathways, such as ERK signaling. Combination treatment of HDAC8 inhibitor with crizotinib efficiently blocked the activation of growth receptor survival signaling and shifted the cell cycle arrest and differentiation phenotype toward effective cell death of neuroblastoma cell lines, including sensitization of resistant models, but not of normal cells. These findings reveal combined targeting of ALK and HDAC8 as a novel strategy for the treatment of neuroblastoma. Overall design: Total RNA was isolated from neuroblastoma cells (SK-N-BE(2)-C) treated for six days with solvent control (DMSO) or an HDAC8 inhibitor (PCI-34051; 4µM).
Project description:Context: Progesterone is important physiologically and therapeutically to maintain uterine quiescence during pregnancy. It acts in part through controlling myometrial gene expression. Objective: To use expression microarray and qRT-PCR validation to determine the changes in gene expression induced by prolonged exposure to a synthetic progestogen. Design: Myometrial explants, obtained at elective Caesarean section (n=9 patients), were maintained in culture, under 0.6g tension, for 3 days in the presence or absence of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA, 100nM). Expression array was performed using Illumina human-8 v3 beadchip arrays. Approximately 30% of differentially expressed transcripts were validated in biological replicates (n=10) using qRT-PCR. Results: Transcripts from 114 genes were significantly differentially expressed. These were significantly enriched in inflammatory response (P=0.00001), growth factor activity (P=0.0004) and cytokine activity genes (P=0.008). 34 transcripts were validated using qRT-PCR using an additional independent sample set obtained from 10 further women. There was very close agreement in the fold changes obtained by array and qRT-PCR analysis (r2=0.9, P<0.0001). We confirmed significant down-regulation of a number of genes which have been well characterized as progesterone sensitive, such as IL1B, IL6, PTGS2 and GJA1. However, the top and 6th most down-regulated genes encoded two cytokines, IL11 and IL24, respectively, not previously implicated in mediating the effects of progesterone in myometrium. Both were validated by qRT-PCR (4.3-fold and 2.2-fold down-regulated, both P<0.001). Conclusions: Progestogens control expression of multiple genes in myometrium, including many with no previously recognised role, including IL11 and IL24. It is plausible that proteins encoded by some of these genes may have important, but as yet uncharacterized effects in controlling human parturition. 9 paired samples of human myometrium treated with MPA (10-7M) or vehicle
Project description:Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inibitors suppress cell proliferation of prostate cancer, but the detailed mechanisms are unknown. Moreover, HDAC includes 18 family members, namely HDAC1-11 and SIRT1-7, and differences of effects on prostate cancer proliferation among these enzymes are also unknown. Thus, we clarified differences of gene expression between prostate cancer cell line (LNCaP) treated with pan-HDAC inhibitors (TSA and OBP-801) or selective HDAC inhibitor (NCC-149, HDAC8-specific inhibitor)using cDNA microarray. LNCaP treated with TSA (1μM), NCC149 (2μM), OBP-801 (200nM) or DMSO for 24hrs, RNA was extracted from cells, and cDNA array was performed.
Project description:Histone acetylation is involved in the regulation of gene expression in plants and eukaryotes. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are enzymes that catalyze the removal of acetyl groups from histones, which is associated with the repression of gene expression. To study the role of histone acetylation in the regulation of gene expression during seed germination, trichostatin A (TSA), a specific inhibitor of histone deacetylase, was used to treat imbibing Arabidopsis thaliana seeds. GeneChip arrays were used to show that TSA induces up-regulation of 45 genes and down-regulation of 27 genes during seed germination. Eight TSA-up-regulated genes were selected for further analysis - RAB18, RD29B, ATEM1, HSP70 and four late embryogenesis abundant protein genes (LEA). A gene expression time course shows that these eight genes are expressed at high levels in the dry seed and repressed upon seed imbibition at an exponential rate. In the presence of TSA, the onset of repression of the eight genes is not affected but the final level of repressed expression is elevated. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and HDAC assays show that there is a transient histone deacetylation event during seed germination at one day after imbibition, which serves as a key developmental signal that affects the repression of the eight genes. Experiment Overall Design: Three samples: Unimbibed seeds, untreated imbibed seeds, TSA-treated imbibed seeds.
Project description:To determine if there are differences in the gene expression profile of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) or Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) who responded to CPI-613 when compared to those patients who did not respond we generated gene expression profiles from four responding patients and compared them to four non-responders. None of the gene expression profiles have been previously published. Here we describe the origins and provide associated clinical annotations with the hope that other investigators will be able to utilize this data in their own research. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from 4 patients (3 MDS, 1 AML) who responded to treatment with CPI-613 and four patients (all with AML) who did not respond. Total RNA was isolated and gene expression levels were profiled on the Affymetrix Gene Atlas U219 array strips.
Project description:Trichostatin A (TSA) is one of the most potent reversible histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors. In male mice, subcutaneous application of TSA is followed by infertility due to apoptosis of pachytene spermatocytes. To get more insight into the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, we performed a genome-wide expression analysis of murine testes after TSA treatment. The whole genome transcriptome analysis revealed 507 significantly regulated genes. Validation by real-time quantitative PCR confirmed the expression of 7 from 9 genes tested (78%). Keywords: time course Overall design: TSA was resolved in dimethylsulfoxide and PBS. 15 animals were divided into 5 groups each containing 3 mice. Group 1 received only the carrier and were sacrificed after 10h (control). Groups 2 - 5 received 60ug/day/mouse TSA applied by one subcutaneous injection and were sacrificed after 2.5h (group 2), 5h (group 3), 7.5h (group 4) and 10h (group 5).Total RNA was extracted from frozen tissue of 3 animals per group. The variability between animals in each group was minor, as demonstrated by the histological and immunohistochemical stainings. Therefore, the material from each group was pooled. cRNA of each group was hybridized in duplicate (technical replicates). In total, 10 bioarrays (2 arrays per group) were processed in parallel.
Project description:An branched-chain amino acids auxotroph eca39∆ mutant fission yeast exhibits an unusual adaptive growth phenotype on solid minimal media containing Ile, Leu and Val when other strains are growing nearby. The transcriptional profiles of an eca39∆ mutant before and after the adaptation were determined using Affymetrix DNA microarrays. Wild-type, the eca39∆ mutant, and the adapted eca39∆ mutant fission yeasts were inoculated in YE+2mM Ile, Leu and Val, and harvested at OD ~ 1. Total RNAs were purified from the 3 samples.
Project description:TSA treatment blocks LPS-induction of several inflammatory target genes in primary macrophages. The microarray experiment was performed to identify LPS-inducible, LXR-sensitive target genes that retained LPS-induction in the presence of TSA. Thioglycollate-elicited macrophages were isolated from mice by peritoneal lavage 3 days following peritoneal injection of 2.5 ml 3% thioglycollate (DIFCO). Cells were plated in RPMI medium 1640 and 10% fetal bovine serum, washed after 5 h the medium was removed and cells were fed with fresh medium containing 0.5% fetal bovine serum. Cells were treated with TSA (Wako) at 100nM and/or with LPS (Sigma) at concentration of 100 ng/ml in the absence or presence of receptor-specific agonist for LXR (GW3965) at 1 µM. Keywords: TSA, LPS, LXR agonist Overall design: six samples were analyzed