RNA profiles of total RNA and Ago2-immunoprecipitated RNA
ABSTRACT: Compared gene enrichment in Ago2-RNA immunopreciptant between wildtype and Mir140-null chondrocytes Identified Mir140 targets that are most exclusively regulated by Mir140 Biological duplicate. Total RNA and Ago2-immunoprecipitated RNA were prepared from the same primary chondrocyte culture. Chondrocytes were isolated from newborn mouse rib and cultured overnight in 10%FCS-containing medium. Total RNA and Ago2-immunoprecipitated RNA were amplified using Ovation pico, and subjected to microarray analysis (HT-mouse 430 PM). Two sets of experiments (two samples from wildtype mice for total RNA and Ago2 immunoprecipitated RNA, and two samples from Mir140-null mice for total RNA and Ago2 immunoprecipitated RNA) were performed (a total of 8 chips)
Project description:Compared gene enrichment in Ago2-RNA immunopreciptant between wildtype and Mir140-null chondrocytes Identified Mir140 targets that are most exclusively regulated by Mir140 Overall design: Biological duplicate. Total RNA and Ago2-immunoprecipitated RNA were prepared from the same primary chondrocyte culture. Chondrocytes were isolated from newborn mouse rib and cultured overnight in 10%FCS-containing medium. Total RNA and Ago2-immunoprecipitated RNA were amplified using Ovation pico, and subjected to microarray analysis (HT-mouse 430 PM). Two sets of experiments (two samples from wildtype mice for total RNA and Ago2 immunoprecipitated RNA, and two samples from Mir140-null mice for total RNA and Ago2 immunoprecipitated RNA) were performed (a total of 8 chips)
Project description:RNAs that are enriched in AGO2 Immunoprecipitated (IP) products or PIWIL1 IP products were identified from mouse(BALB/C) adult testes by examine the ratio of total RNA signal intensity to AGO2 IP RNA or PIWIL1 IP RNA signal intensity. Two-condition experiment,Total RNA extracted from mouse adult testes vs. AGO2 IP RNA extracted from mouse adult testes and total RNA extracted from mouse adult testes vs. PIWIL1 IP RNA extracted from mouse adult testes.
Project description:Transgenic Arabidopsis plants (AGO2::HA:AGO2) were treated with either mock (10 mM MgCl2) or Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) expressing avrRpt2 (R2) at a concentration of 2 x 107 cfu/ml for 14 hours. sRNAs associated with AGO1 and AGO2 were co-immunoprecipitated using antibodies against either AGO1 (AGO1-IP), or HA (hemagglutinin) (AGO2-IP). As controls, we also gel-purified the 18-28 nt fraction of the total RNAs from an AGO2 mutant (ago2-1). The co-immunoprecipitated or gel-purified RNAs were cloned and sequenced by Illumina deep sequencing. Examination of AGO-associated sRNAs in pathogen-treated or control plants
Project description:Primary rib chondrocyte were isoloated from P0.5-day old wildtype and Col2-Cre:floxed EED conditional knockout mouse pups,and cultured overnight in 10%FCS containing DMEM. RNA was isolated and subjected to Affymetrix Mouse Gene ST 1.0 array. Primary rib chondrocyte were isoloated from P0.5-day old wildtype and Col2-Cre:floxed EED conditional knockout mouse pups,and cultured overnight in 10%FCS containing DMEM. RNA was isolated and subjected to Affymetrix Mouse Gene ST 1.0 array. Biological duplicate. Mice were in a mixed genetic background of C57/B6 and 129sv.
Project description:Asymmetric selection of single-stranded guide RNAs from double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) precursors is crucial for RNA silencing-mediated gene regulation. However, the precise mechanisms for small RNA asymmetry remain unclear, especially since asymmetric selection can still occur under depletion of putative asymmetry sensors, Drosophila R2D2 and mammalian Dicer. Here we report direct contribution of mammalian Argonaute 2 (Ago2) to microRNA (miRNA) asymmetry. Ago2 selects strands with 5´-uridine/adenosine and thermodynamically unstable 5´-ends in parallel through its two sensor regions, which contact 5´-nucleobase and 5´-phosphate(s) of the prospective guide strands, respectively. Consistently, miRNA asymmetry shows characteristic digital-analog superposed patterns reflecting 5'-end nucleotide identity and thermodynamic stability. Furthermore, we demonstrate that cancer-associated miRNA variations reprogram asymmetric selection. Finally, our study presents a model of this universal principle that will aid a comprehensive understanding of miRNA function and therapeutic reinvention of RNA silencing in precision medicine. Immunoprecipitation of WT or mutant Ago2 in mouse ES cells (Ago-null background) and small RNA sequencing
Project description:Background: The RNA-binding protein Argonaute 2 (AGO2) is a key effector of RNAsilencing pathways, exerting a pivotal role in microRNA maturation and activity, that in the cell nucleus is able to modulate chromatin remodeling, transcriptional gene regulation and RNA splicing. The Estrogen Receptor beta (ERβ), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily of trancriptional regulators, is endowed with oncosuppressive activities, antagonizing hormone-induced carcinogenesis and inhibiting growth and oncogenic functions in luminal-like breast cancers (BCs), where its expression correlates with a better prognosis of the disease. Results: Applying interaction proteomics coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) to characterize nuclear factors cooperating with ERβ in gene regulation, we identified AGO2 as a novel partner of ERβ in human BC cells. ERβ-AGO2 association was confirmed in vitro and in vivo both in the nucleus and cytoplasm. ChIP-Seq demonstrated AGO2 association to a large number of ERβ binding sites, and total and nascent RNA-Seq in ERβ+ vs ERβ- cells, and before and after AGO2 knock-down in ERβ+ cells, revealed a widespread involvement of this factor in ERβ-mediated regulation of gene transcription rate and RNA splicing. Moreover, isolation and sequencing by RIP-Seq of ERβ-associated long and small RNAs in the cytoplasm suggested involvement of the nuclear receptor in RISC loading, indicating that it may able to control directly also mRNA translation efficiency and stability. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that AGO2 is a pleiotropic functional partner of ERβ in BC cells, indicating that both factors are endowed with multiple roles in the control of BC cell functions.
Project description:The aim of the study is to identify miRNA targets in Hodgkin lymphoma cell lines. By immunoprecipitation of wild type Ago2, it is expected to pull down the Ago2 associated gene transcripts. Through microarray analysis, the Ago2 associated gene transcripts identified are expected to be miRNA targets. Keywords: Ribonucleoprotein Immunoprecipitation - Gene Chip (RIP-Chip) RNA isolated from the Ago2 immunoprecipitated (IP) fraction is hybridized against the RNA from total cell lysate (T) fraction. The experiment is performed in two independent Hodgkin lymphoma cell lines, L1236 and L428. In addition, RNA of flow through (FT) fraction of L1236 is hybridized against RNA of total cell lysate (T) fraction of L1236 to demonstrate the specificity/enrichment seen in the IP fraction and not in the FT fraction. All hybridizations is done with a dye swap design.
Project description:miRNAs regulate mRNA stability and translation through the action of the RNAi-induced silencing complex. In this study, we systematically identified endogenous miRNA target genes by using AGO2 immunoprecipitation (AGO2-IP) and microarray analyses in two breast cancer cell lines, MCF7 and MDA-MB-231, representing luminal and basal-like breast cancer, respectively. The expression levels of ~70% of the AGO2-IP mRNAs were increased by DROSHA or DICER1 knockdown. In addition, integrated analysis of miRNA expression profiles, mRNA-AGO2 interaction, and the 3'-UTR of mRNAs revealed that >60% of the AGO2-IP mRNAs were putative targets of the fifty most abundantly expressed miRNAs. To identify mRNAs associated with AGO2, cell lysate was precleaned with control IgG and immunoprecipitated with anti-human Ago2 (Clone 2E12-1C9, Abnova). Total RNA from cell lysate or coimmunoprecipitated with AGO2 was extracted with Trizol and subjected to microarray analysis, with three biological repeats for each experimental condition.
Project description:We constructed a genome wide target profile of hsa-miR-503, hsa-miR-103, and hsa-miR-494 by sequencing RNA isolated from Ago2 immunoprecipitations and total RNA samples following transfection of the respective miRNA in mature duplex form Examination of mRNA levels in HeLa cells and Ago2 immunoprecipitations from HeLa cells following miR-503, miR-103, or miR-494 mature duplex or control siRNA transfection