Transcriptomics

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The Two-component Signal Transduction System CopRS of Corynebacterium glutamicum is Required for Adaptation to Copper-excess Stress


ABSTRACT: Copper is an essential cofactor for many enzymes but at high concentrations it is toxic for the cell. Copper ion concentrations ≥50 µM inhibited growth of Corynebacterium glutamicum. The transcriptional response to 20 µM Cu2+ was studied using DNA microarrays and revealed 26 genes that showed a ≥3-fold increased mRNA level, including cg3280-cg3289. Several genes in this genomic region code for proteins presumably involved in the adaption to copper-induced stress, e. g. a multicopper oxidase and a copper-transport ATPase. In addition, this region includes the copRS genes (previously named cgtRS9) which encode a two-component signal transduction system composed of the histidine kinase CopS and the response regulator CopR. Deletion of the copRS genes increased the sensitivity of C. glutamicum towards copper ions, but not to other heavy metal ions. Using comparative transcriptome analysis of the ΔcopRS mutant and the wild type in combination with electrophoretic mobility shift assays and reporter gene studies the CopR regulon and the DNA-binding motif of CopR were identified. Evidence was obtained that CopR binds only to the intergenic region between cg3285 and cg3286 in the genome of C. glutamicum and activates expression of the divergently oriented gene clusters cg3285-cg3280 and cg3286-cg3289. Altogether, our data suggest that CopRS is the key regulatory system in C. glutamicum for the extracytoplasmic sensing of elevated copper ion concentrations and for induction of a set of genes capable of diminishing copper stress. Four or five biological replicates of each experiment were performed. Experiment 1: Transcriptome comparison of wild type grown with 1.25 µM or with 21.25 µM CuSO4; Exp. 2: WT vs. copRS deletion mutant grown with 21.25 µM CuSO4; For analysis via DNA microarrays, the RNA was isolated from exponentially growing cells cultivated in CgXII medium containing glucose as carbon source and either 1.25 uM CuSO4 or 21.25 uM CuSO4.

ORGANISM(S): Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032  

SUBMITTER: Stephanie Schelder   Michael Bott  Daniela Zaade  Tino Polen  Boris Litsanov  Melanie Brocker 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-27510 | ArrayExpress | 2011-09-04

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE27510PRJNA138577

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

The two-component signal transduction system CopRS of Corynebacterium glutamicum is required for adaptation to copper-excess stress.

Schelder Stephanie S   Zaade Daniela D   Litsanov Boris B   Bott Michael M   Brocker Melanie M  

PloS one 20110720 7


Copper is an essential cofactor for many enzymes but at high concentrations it is toxic for the cell. Copper ion concentrations ≥50 µM inhibited growth of Corynebacterium glutamicum. The transcriptional response to 20 µM Cu(2+) was studied using DNA microarrays and revealed 20 genes that showed a ≥ 3-fold increased mRNA level, including cg3281-cg3289. Several genes in this genomic region code for proteins presumably involved in the adaption to copper-induced stress, e. g. a multicopper oxidase (  ...[more]

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