Differences in the transcriptomes of organically and conventionally grown potatoes.
ABSTRACT: Microarray analysis was performed on a well-defined set of potato tuber samples grown under different, well-recorded environmental conditions. The data were analysed to assess the potential of transcriptomics to detect differences in gene expression as a result of these environmental conditions. Differences were found for both factors, both in PCA and in ANOVA analysis. Factorial design; 1 potato cultivar (Sante); 2 fertilizers (organic, conventional); 2 crop protection treatments (organic, conventional), 4 biological replicates, 16 samples. Raw data files: columns 1 - 11 is Cy3, 12 - 21 is Cy5
Project description:Microarray analysis was performed on a well-defined set of potato tuber samples grown under different, well-recorded environmental conditions. The data were analysed to assess the potential of transcriptomics to detect differences in gene expression as a result of these environmental conditions. Differences were found for both factors, both in PCA and in ANOVA analysis.
Project description:The use of profiling techniques such as transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics has been proposed to improve the detection of side effects of plant breeding processes. This paper describes the construction of a food safety-oriented potato cDNA microarray (FSPM). Microarray analysis was performed on a well-defined set of tuber samples of two different potato varieties, grown under different, well-recorded environmental conditions. Data were analyzed to assess the potential of transcriptomics to detect differences in gene expression due to genetic differences or environmental conditions. The most pronounced differences were found between the varieties Sante and Lady Balfour, whereas differences due to growth conditions were less significant. Transcriptomics results were confirmed by quantitative PCR. Furthermore, the bandwidth of natural variation of gene expression was explored to facilitate biological and/or toxicological evaluation in future assessments. Keywords: experiment with factorial design factorial design; 2 potato cultivars (Sante, Lady Balfour); 2 fertilizers (dairy manure compost, chicken manure pellets); 3 plant protection treatments (copper oxychloride, comcat, water), 3 biological replicates, 48 samples
Project description:This study was designed to identify changes in gene expression that occur when corn was grown on different landscape features. Specifically on the backslope or summit/shoulder of a hill. In rolling landscapes, plant available water varies drastically by location and soil type. Almost simultaneously, plants may be flooded out in footslope locations whereas plants in summit locations may be suffering from severe drought. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of landscape position on corn (Zea mays) productivity and gene regulation. Corn was sampled at V12 for plant growth characteristics and transcriptome analysis at summit/shoulder and lower backslope positions. Plants at the summit had 16% less leaf area and biomass compared with plants at the toeslope. Gene expression analysis using microarray chips, transcriptome analysis, and qPCR indicated that plants at the summit had 708 genes down-regulated and 399 genes up-regulated compared to control plants at the lower back slope. GSEA (Gene Set Enrichment Analysis) indicated tolerance to cold, salt, and drying were increased in summit/should plants compared to control toeslope plants. However, nutrient uptake, recovery from wounding, pest and fungal disease resistance, along with photosynthetic capacity were all down-regulated in moderate water stresses plants. These responses suggest that corn preferentially responses to water stress as the expense of its ability to respond to other stresses. Three biological replicates for the control (backslope) and six biological replicate of summit/shoulder-grown plants were collected. The resulting labeled cDNA was hybridized to the 46,000-element maize microarray chip developed by the University of Arizona using their protocol (International Microarray Workshop Handbook, 2009Gardiner et al. 2005). The hybridization scheme was a dual hybridization using a rolling circle balanced dye swap design. Thus we had three to six biological replicates for each growth condition and two technical replicates for each biological sample.
Project description:Food safety evaluation of new, genetically modified (GM) plant varieties has led to basic questions regarding the safety assessment of new plant varieties and whole foods derived thereof. An important part of the hazard identification in the European approach is a targeted compositional analysis of new GM plant varieties compared to one or more conventional reference varieties. Comparative analysis will become much more informative with unbiased analytical approaches, such as omics profiling. Analysis tools that estimate the similarity of new varieties to the reference would in turn greatly facilitate hazard identification. Further in-depth biological, functional and eventually toxicological analysis of the data would then only be necessary for varieties that fall outside the scale of those with a history of safe human consumption. For this purpose, the use of a one-class classifier tool was explored in this study to assess and classify transcriptome profiles of potato varieties. Five potato varieties were grown in the Netherlands during the same year (NL samples) and included four biological replicates for four varieties or two biological replicates for the fifth one. They were all analysed in 2011. A sixth variety was grown in the UK in a previous study and a previous year, for which the data are submitted in E-MTAB-605. The two UK samples were analysed in the original study in 2008 and again together with the NL samples in the present study, resulting in four profiles for two samples.
Project description:Comparison of the transcriptome profiles of a widely commercialized maize MON810 variety and its non-GM near-isogenic counterpart grown in agricultural fields. The Helen variety was commercialized by Limagrain Iberica. Variety Helen B was obtained by Advanta; authorized the 11/08/2005; now commercialized by Limagrain Iberica. The insert integrated into the maize genome contains: Cauliflower Mosaic Virus 35S promoter + maize HSP70 intron (partial) + synthetic sequence coding for the Bacillus thuringensis CRYIA(b) insecticidal protein (truncated).
Project description:Comparison of the transcriptome profiles of a widely commercialized maize variety (Helen) at two levels of nitrogen fertilization. Conventional nitrogen fertilization compared to not nitrogen fertilization during the season.
Project description:Comparison of the transcriptome profiles of a widely commercialized MON810 maize variety (HelenBt) at two levels of nitrogen fertilization. Variety Helen Bt; obtained by Advanta; authorized the 11/08/2005; now commercialized by Limagrain Iberica. Conventional nitrogen fertilization compared to not nitrogen fertilization during the season.
Project description:Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) is a disease of wheat and other cereal crops, where Fusarium graminearum and related species infects the wheat inflorescence during and post-anthesis. The fungus produces trichothecene toxins that accumulate in the grain of infected head, and are required for disease spread. Microarrays were used to observe differential gene expression in the uninoculated spikelets of FHB-challenged wheat spikes in three wheat genotypes. A summary of our findings will be published in Plant Pathology. Three wheat genotypes were used: (1) 'Superb', an FHB-susceptible Canadian wheat cultivar; (2) GS-1-EM0040 (CIMMYT11x'Superb'*2), a double haploid line with good resistance to initial infection (Type 1 resistance), and moderate resistance to disease spread (Type 2 resistance); and (3) GS-1-EM0168 (CM82036x'Superb'*2), a double haploid line with moderate Type 1 resistance, and good Type 2 resistance. Five inocula were used: (A) water, (B) FgTri5+ (GZ3639, a trichothecene-producing F. graminearum strain); (C) FgTri5- (GZT40, a trichothecene-non-producing mutant of the F. graminearum strain GZ3639); (D) FgTri5 supplemented with deoxynivalenol (DON), which is the main trichothecene produced by FgTri5+; and (E) DON. The inocula were injected into two spikelets near the center of the spike during early stages of anthesis, and spikelets above and below the inoculation point were collected at 3, 8, and 24 h after inoculation. A zero-hour un-inoculated control was also collected from each line. Total RNA was extracted from collected spikelets, and microarray analysis was perfomed using the Affymetrix Wheat GeneChip.
Project description:Glyphosate is known to inhibit 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase of the chorismate biosynthetic pathway, and chorismate is a precursor to aromatic amino acids, auxin, and many other secondary products. Although the perennial weed leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) is considered glyphosate tolerant, glyphosate is often used as part of an integrated pest management program in non-cultivated ecosystems of North America. Part of its tolerance is attributed to escape through an abundance of underground adventitious buds (UABs). Sub-lethal concentrations of foliar applied glyphosate leads to new shoot growth from UABs that have a stunted and/or bushy phenotype after growth-inducing decapitation. To gain insights into glyphosate’s impact on molecular mechanisms associated with the stunted and bushy phenotype, we obtained global transcriptome abundance using RNAseq from a subsequent generation of aerial shoots derived from crown buds of glyphosate-treated and -untreated leafy spurge. We further correlated transcript abundance to accumulation of shikimate and phytohormones from the same samples to elucidate interactions. Abundance of shikimate was similar in subsequent generations of aerial shoots generated from crown buds of treated and untreated plants and is likely not a direct factor leading to the stunted and bushy phenotype. However, the results do suggest that transcripts involved in auxin transport and signaling and crosstalk with other phytohormones likely play a role in the bushy phenotype. The results of this study provide some insights for identifying new targets for manipulation of plant growth and development. Transcriptome and metabolite profiling are obtained for aerial tissues derived from crown buds of foliar glyphosate-treated and control (2.24 or 0 kg/ha active ingredient glyphosate + 0.25% v/v surfactant) leafy spurge plants. Each experiment included 4 biological replicates.
Project description:Gene expression was investigated in response to nitrogen fertilizer in developing grains of field grown barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Barke) at four different time points: 10, 15, 18 and 25 days after pollination (DAP).