Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

125

Methylation screening of reciprocal genome-wide UPDs identifies novel human specific imprinted genes


ABSTRACT: Utilizing reciprocal genome-wide uniparental disomy samples presenting with Beckwith-Wiedemann and Silver-Russell syndrome-like phenotypes, we have analyzed ~0.1% of CpG dinucleotides present in the human genome for imprinted differentially methylated regions (DMRs) using the Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation27 BeadChip microarray. This approach identified 15 imprinted DMRs associated with previously characterized imprinted domains, and confirmed the maternal methylation of the RB1 DMR. In addition, we discovered two novel DMRs: a maternally methylated region overlapping the FAM50B promoter CpG island, which results in paternal expression of this retrotransposon, and a paternally methylated region located between maternally expressed ZNF597 and NAT15 genes. We analyzed reciprocal genome-wide uniparental disomy samples (one maternal UPD and three paternal UPD samples) and six different normal somatic tissues derived from the three germinal layers (lymphocytes, buccal cells, placenta, brain, muscle, and fat) .

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Kazuhiko Nakabayashi   David Monk 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-28525 | ArrayExpress | 2011-05-26

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE28525PRJNA139079

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Nuclear transfer experiments undertaken in the mid-80's revealed that both maternal and paternal genomes are necessary for normal development. This is due to genomic imprinting, an epigenetic mechanism that results in parent-of-origin monoallelic expression of genes regulated by germline-derived allelic methylation. To date, ∼100 imprinted transcripts have been identified in mouse, with approximately two-thirds showing conservation in humans. It is currently unknown how many imprinted genes are  ...[more]

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