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Molecular insights into induced pluripotency mediated by the OCT4, SOX2, KLF and c-MYC gene regulatory network

ABSTRACT: Human somatic fibroblasts can be reprogrammed to induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells by exogenic expression of the Yamanaka factors (OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and MYC) after about 1 month. To gain some insight into the early processes operative in fibroblast reprogramming, we profiled genome-wide transcription levels using Illumina microarrays in the starting donor cells-human foreskin fibroblast (HFF1) cells and at three time points after OSKM transduction (24 h, 48 h, 72 h), as well as two iPS cell lines (iPS2, iPS4) and hES cell lines (H1, H9). We show that within the context of the viral transduction reprogramming protocol, the donor cell response to viral transfection perturbs redox homeostasis, which induces oxidative damage on the donor cells' protein and DNA. This leads to activation of p53, senescence, and apoptosis, greatly reducing the efficiency of reprogramming. Total RNA obtained from HFF1 (human foreskin fibroblast) cells, OSKM-transduced HFF1 cells after 24h, 48h, 72h, undifferentiated hESCs, iPSCs.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Wang Ying   Ying Wang 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-28688 | ArrayExpress | 2011-10-24



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Somatic cells can be reprogrammed to induced pluripotent stem cells by over-expression of OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC (OSKM). With the aim of unveiling the early mechanisms underlying the induction of pluripotency, we have analyzed transcriptional profiles at 24, 48 and 72 hours post-transduction of OSKM into human foreskin fibroblasts. Experiments confirmed that upon viral transduction, the immediate response is innate immunity, which induces free radical generation, oxidative DNA damage, p53 ac  ...[more]

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