MicroRNA profiling in dorsal root ganglion after sciatic nerve injury
ABSTRACT: Changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression in the mouse L4 and L5 dorsal root ganglion following unilateral sciatic nerve transection. The timepoint of 7 days post-axotomy was chosen to capture miRNA expression profiles at a time when the injured neurons were beginning to regenerate. Two condition experiment, paired control DRG vs axotomised DRG following unilateral sciatic nerve transection. 3 biological replicates, one replicate per array. Dye swap in Replicate 2.
Project description:Changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression in the mouse L4 and L5 dorsal root ganglion following unilateral sciatic nerve transection. The timepoint of 7 days post-axotomy was chosen to capture miRNA expression profiles at a time when the injured neurons were beginning to regenerate. Overall design: Two condition experiment, paired control DRG vs axotomised DRG following unilateral sciatic nerve transection. 3 biological replicates, one replicate per array. Dye swap in Replicate 2.
Project description:Two out-bred rat selection lines were separated to produce different hypersensitivity phenotypes following nerve injury. These lines were termed High Pain and Low Pain (HP or LP). Each sub-strain was either subject to a Sham surgery or a Spinal Nerve Ligation (SNL) surgery to the L4 and L5 spinal nerves. Three days following surgery L4/L5 Dorsal Root Ganglia (DRG) were dissected from these animals. For the rat line separation protocol see: Devor M, Raber P (1990) Heritability of symptoms in an experimental model of neuropathic pain. Pain 42:51-67. 12 Hybridizations, 3 per condition; Sham HP DRG; 3 day SNL HP DRG; Sham LP DRG; 3 day SNL LP DRG.
Project description:Genes are up and down regualted in DRG and spinal dorsal cord after peripheral nerve injury WT male adult with sciatic and femoral nerve transection 7 days, RNA was purified from ipilateral or contralateral L4-L6 DRGs or lumbar spinal dorsal cords
Project description:We used microarrays to distinguish the gene expression differences among different time points after injury. We generated L4-6 dorsal root ganglia (DRG) tissues and proximal sciatic nerve (SN) tissues (0.5cm) at 0d, 1d, 4d, 7d and 14d after sciatic nerve resection.
Project description:Small proline-rich repeat protein 1A (SPRR1A) is expressed in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons following peripheral nerve injury but it is not known whether SPRR1A is differentially expressed following injury to peripheral versus central DRG projections and a detailed characterization of expression in sensory neuron subpopulations and spinal cord has not been performed. Here we use immunocytochemical techniques to characterize SPRR1A expression following sciatic nerve, dorsal root, and dorsal column injury in adult mice. SPRR1A was not detected in naïve spinal cord, DRG, or peripheral nerves and there was minimal expression following injury to the centrally projecting branches of DRG neurons. However, following peripheral (sciatic) nerve injury, intense SPRR1A immunoreactivity was observed in the dorsal horn and motoneurons of the spinal cord, in L4/5 DRG neurons, and in the injured nerve. A time-course study comparing expression following sciatic nerve crush and transection revealed maximum SPRR1A levels at day 7 in both models. However, while SPRR1A was downregulated to baseline by 30 days postlesion following crush injury, it remained elevated 30 days after transection. Cell-size and double-labeling studies revealed that SPRR1A was expressed by DRG cells of all sizes and colocalized with classical markers of DRG subpopulations and their primary afferent terminals. High coexpression of SPRR1A with activating transcription factor-3 and growth-associated protein-43 was observed, indicating that it is expressed by injured and regenerating neurons. This study supports the hypothesis that SPRR1A is a regeneration-associated gene and that SPRR1A provides a valuable marker to assess the regenerative potential of injured neurons.
Project description:To compare the microRNAs (miRNAs) expression profile in the innervated soleus muscle and L4-L6 DRG neuronsafter sciatic nerve entrapment with a non-constrictive silastic tube, subsequent surgical decompression, and denervation injury. The experimental soleus muscles and dorsal root ganglions (DRGs) from each experimental group (sham control, denervation, entrapment, and decompression) were analyzed with an Agilent® rat miRNA array to detect dysregulated miRNAs Three-condition experiment, DRGs and soleus muscles of the rats receiving sciatic nerve denervation 6 months, sciatic nerve entrapment 6 months, and sciatic nerve entrapment 6 months then decompression for 3 months v.s. soleus muscle (sham control), Biological replicates: 1 control replicates, 3 experiment replicates
Project description:Expression profiling of L4 and L5 Dorsal Root Ganglion (DRG) in the spinal nerve ligation model of neuropathic pain. The goal of the study was to identify genes involved in neuropathic pain This series of samples comprises of contralateral and ipsilateral L4 and L5 DRG tissue collected 4 weeks after rats underwent a L5 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) or a sham operation with no L5 spinal nerve ligation. This defines 8 groups (i) contralateral L4 DRG from the sham cohort (n=5), (ii) ipsilateral L4 DRG from sham cohort (n=5), (iii) contralateral L4 DRG from SNL cohort (n=5), (iv) ipsilateral L4 DRG from the SNL chort (n=5), (v) contralateral L5 DRG from the sham cohort (n=5), (vi) ipsilateral L5 DRG from sham cohort (n=5), (vii) contralateral L5 DRG from SNL cohort (n=5), (viii) ipsilateral L5 DRG from the SNL cohort (n=5)
Project description:Peripheral nerve injury alters the expression of hundreds of proteins in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Targeting some of these proteins has led to successful treatments for acute pain, but not for sustained postoperative neuropathic pain. The latter may require targeting multiple proteins. Since a single microRNA (miR) can affect the expression of multiple proteins, here, we describe an approach to identify chronic neuropathic pain-relevant miRs. We used two variants of the spared nerve injury (SNI): Sural-SNI and Tibial-SNI and found distinct pain phenotypes between the two. Both models induced strong mechanical allodynia, but only Sural-SNI rats maintained strong mechanical and cold allodynia, as previously reported. In contrast, we found that Tibial-SNI rats recovered from mechanical allodynia and never developed cold allodynia. Since both models involve nerve injury, we increased the probability of identifying differentially regulated miRs that correlated with the quality and magnitude of neuropathic pain and decreased the probability of detecting miRs that are solely involved in neuronal regeneration. We found seven such miRs in L3-L5 DRG. The expression of these miRs increased in Tibial-SNI. These miRs displayed a lower level of expression in Sural-SNI, with four having levels lower than those in sham animals. Bioinformatics analysis of how these miRs could affect the expression of some ion channels supports the view that, following a peripheral nerve injury, the increase of the 7 miRs may contribute to the recovery from neuropathic pain while the decrease of four of them may contribute to the development of chronic neuropathic pain. The approach used resulted in the identification of a small number of potentially neuropathic pain relevant miRs. Additional studies are required to investigate whether manipulating the expression of the identified miRs in primary sensory neurons can prevent or ameliorate chronic neuropathic pain following peripheral nerve injuries. To identify the miRs that were differentially dysregulated between Tibial-SNI and Sural-SNI, we first performed 12 microarrays in a limited number of samples (in four individual DRGs per group: Sham, Tibial-SNI and Sural-SNI; two L3-DRG and two L4-DRG). Then, miRs identified as having differential expression were corroborated with real time qRT-PCR in RNA isolated from individual DRGs (L3, L4 and L5) derived from 4 rats per group (not presented here, but in the manuscript).
Project description:To identify potential regeneration-associated genes, rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) were lesioned and then sampled at 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, 148, or 296 hrs A total of 23 samples were examined in 8 time points with 2-3 replicates each. For each array, lesioned and uninjured DRG samples were run in a two-color experiment. ----------------------------------------------------- submitters of this record cannot locate the raw data
Project description:Inflammation plays a role in neuropathic pain conditions as well as in pain induced solely by an inflammatory stimulus. Robust mechanical hyperalgesia and allodynia can be induced by locally inflaming the L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in rat. This model allows investigation of the contribution of inflammation per se to chronic pain conditions. Most previous microarray studies of DRG gene expression have investigated neuropathic pain models involving axon transection. To examine the role of inflammation, we used microarray methods to examine gene expression 3 days after local inflammation of the L5 DRG in rat. We observed significant regulation in a large number of genes (23% of observed transcripts), and examined 221 (3%) with a fold-change of 1.5-fold or more in more detail. Immune-related genes were the largest category in this group and included members of the complement system as well as several pro-inflammatory cytokines. However, these upregulated cytokines had no prior links to peripheral pain in the literature other than through microarray studies, though most had previously described roles in CNS (especially neuroinflammatory conditions) as well as in immune responses. The L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) was locally inflamed with zymosan/Incomplete Freund's Adjuvant. DRG were isolated 3 days later. Each sample was RNA extracted from a single DRG. 6 samples from rats with local DRG inflammation were compared with 6 samples from sham-operated rats.