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Epstein-Barr Virus Exploits Intrinsic B-Lymphocyte Transcription Programs to Achieve Immortal Cell Growth


ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigen 2 (EBNA2) gene regulation through the cell RBPJ transcription factor (TF) is essential for conversion of resting B-lymphocytes (RBLs) into Lymphoblastoid Cell Lines (LCLs). ChIP-seq investigation of EBNA2 and RBPJ sites in LCL DNA found EBNA2 at 5151 and RBPJ at 10,529 sites. EBNA2 was 72% localized with RBPJ, predominantly at intergenic and intronic sites and only 14% at promoter sites. EBNA2/RBPJ sites were enriched for Early B-cell Factor (EBF, 60%), RUNX(41%), ETS(35%), NF-B(31%), and PU.1(17%) TF motifs. Using ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) LCL data, EBF, RELA, and PU.1 were found at 54%, 31%, and 17% of EBNA2 sites. K-Means clustering of EBNA2 site associated TFs found RELA-ETS, EBF-RUNX, EBF, ETS, RBPJ, and repressive RUNX ranked highest to lowest in nearly symmetric H3K4me1 signal distribution and nucleosome depletion, marks of active chromatin. Although quantitatively less, high level nearly symmetric H3K4me1 signals with nucleosome depletion at the same sites in RBLs was remarkably similar to LCLs, indicating that EBNA2 localizes into a pre-established RBL chromatin pattern, which likely evolved to enable RBL antigen-induced proliferation. EBF was critical for EBNA2 activation of the EBV LMP1 promoter. LCL HiC data mapped intergenic EBNA2 sites to EBNA2 up-regulated genes. Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH), conditional EBNA2 FISH, Chromatin Conformation Capture (3C), and 3C q-PCR, linked EBNA2/RBPJ enhancers 428 kb 5' of MYC to MYC. These data support the hypothesis that EBNA2 evolved to exploit the RBL transcription framework to drive B-lymphocyte proliferation in primary human infection. EBNA2 and RBPJ ChIP-seq from IB4 LCL

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Elliott Kieff   Jon Aster  Eris Johannsen  James Y Zou  James Zou  Hongfang Wang  Bradley Bernstein  Bo Zhao 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-29498 | ArrayExpress | 2011-07-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE29498SRP007874PRJNA141377

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Epstein-Barr virus exploits intrinsic B-lymphocyte transcription programs to achieve immortal cell growth.

Zhao Bo B   Zou James J   Wang Hongfang H   Johannsen Eric E   Peng Chih-wen CW   Quackenbush John J   Mar Jessica C JC   Morton Cynthia Casson CC   Freedman Matthew L ML   Blacklow Stephen C SC   Aster Jon C JC   Bernstein Bradley E BE   Kieff Elliott E  

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20110711 36


Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 2 (EBNA2) regulation of transcription through the cell transcription factor RBPJ is essential for resting B-lymphocyte (RBL) conversion to immortal lymphoblast cell lines (LCLs). ChIP-seq of EBNA2 and RBPJ sites in LCL DNA found EBNA2 at 5,151 and RBPJ at 10,529 sites. EBNA2 sites were enriched for RBPJ (78%), early B-cell factor (EBF, 39%), RUNX (43%), ETS (39%), NFκB (22%), and PU.1 (22%) motifs. These motif associations were confirmed by LCL RBPJ ChIP-seq fi  ...[more]

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