Dataset Information


Widespread regulated alternative splicing of single codons accelerates proteome evolution

ABSTRACT: Thousands of human genes contain introns ending in NAGNAG motifs (N any nucleotide), where both NAGs can function as 3' splice sites, yielding isoforms differing by inclusion/exclusion of just three bases. However, the functional importance of NAGNAG alternative splicing is highly controversial. Using very deep RNA-Seq data from sixteen human and eight mouse tissues, we found that approximately half of alternatively spliced NAGNAGs undergo tissue-specific regulation and that regulated events have been selectively retained: alternative splicing of strongly tissue-specific NAGNAGs was ten times as likely to be conserved between species as for non-tissue-specific events. Further, alternative splicing of human NAGNAGs was associated with an order of magnitude increase in the frequency of exon length changes at orthologous mouse/rat exon boundaries, suggesting that NAGNAGs accelerate exon evolution. Together, our analyses show that NAGNAG alternative splicing constitutes a major generator of tissue-specific proteome diversity and accelerates evolution of proteins at exon-exon boundaries. mRNA-Seq of sixteen human and eight mouse tissues. Supplementary files: human.nagnag.junctions.gff and mouse.nagnag.junctions.gff are the annotation files (in GFF3 format) corresponding to the 'bwtout' mapped reads files linked to the Sample records. Raw data files provided for Samples GSM742937-GSM742952 only.

ORGANISM(S): Musculus  

SUBMITTER: Robert K Bradley   Jason Merkin  Christopher B Burge 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-30017 | ArrayExpress | 2012-01-05



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Alternative splicing of RNA triplets is often regulated and accelerates proteome evolution.

Bradley Robert K RK   Merkin Jason J   Lambert Nicole J NJ   Burge Christopher B CB  

PLoS biology 20120103 1

Thousands of human genes contain introns ending in NAGNAG (N any nucleotide), where both NAGs can function as 3' splice sites, yielding isoforms that differ by inclusion/exclusion of three bases. However, few models exist for how such splicing might be regulated, and some studies have concluded that NAGNAG splicing is purely stochastic and nonfunctional. Here, we used deep RNA-Seq data from 16 human and eight mouse tissues to analyze the regulation and evolution of NAGNAG splicing. Using both bi  ...[more]

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